Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

x      QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2017

 

OR

 

o         TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from        to

 

Commission File Number 001-16625

 

BUNGE LIMITED

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Bermuda

 

98-0231912

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or
organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

50 Main Street, White Plains, New York

 

10606

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

(914) 684-2800
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  x  No  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  x  No  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company..  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filerx

 

Accelerated filer o

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer o

 

Smaller reporting company o

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

Emerging growth company o

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934).  Yes  o  No  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934).  Yes  o  No  x

 

As of July 28, 2017 the number of shares issued of the registrant was:

 

Common shares, par value $.01 per share: 140,602,216

 

 

 


 


Table of Contents

 

BUNGE LIMITED

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

Page

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the Three and Six Months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016

3

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the Three and Six Months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016

4

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016

5

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2017 and 2016

6

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity and Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2017 and 2016

7

 

 

 

 

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

8

 

 

 

 

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

31

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

31

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

48

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

50

 

 

 

PART II — INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

51

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

51

 

 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

51

 

 

 

Item 3.

Defaults upon Senior Securities

51

 

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

51

 

 

 

Item 5.

Other Information

51

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

51

 

 

 

Signatures

52

 

 

 

Exhibit Index

E-1

 

2


 


Table of Contents

 

PART I— FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.     FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

BUNGE LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(Unaudited)

 

(U.S. dollars in millions, except per share data)

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

June  30,

 

June  30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2017

 

2016

 

Net sales

 

$

11,645

 

$

10,541

 

$

22,766

 

$

19,457

 

Cost of goods sold

 

(11,290

)

(10,011

)

(21,951

)

(18,307

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross profit

 

355

 

530

 

815

 

1,150

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

(328

)

(303

)

(706

)

(617

)

Interest income

 

8

 

14

 

20

 

24

 

Interest expense

 

(62

)

(59

)

(127

)

(116

)

Foreign exchange gains (losses)

 

51

 

(6

)

107

 

15

 

Other income (expense) — net

 

2

 

(13

)

(1

)

(18

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) from continuing operations before income tax

 

26

 

163

 

108

 

438

 

Income tax (expense) benefit

 

55

 

(39

)

27

 

(73

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) from continuing operations

 

81

 

124

 

135

 

365

 

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

 

6

 

(4

)

 

(13

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

87

 

120

 

135

 

352

 

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

(6

)

1

 

(7

)

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Bunge

 

81

 

121

 

128

 

356

 

Convertible preference share dividends and other obligations

 

(9

)

(12

)

(17

)

(25

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) available to Bunge common shareholders

 

$

72

 

$

109

 

$

111

 

$

331

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share—basic (Note 17)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) from continuing operations

 

$

0.48

 

$

0.81

 

$

0.79

 

$

2.45

 

Net income (loss) from discontinued operations

 

0.04

 

(0.03

)

 

(0.09

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Bunge common shareholders

 

$

0.52

 

$

0.78

 

$

0.79

 

$

2.36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share—diluted (Note 17)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) from continuing operations

 

$

0.48

 

$

0.81

 

$

0.79

 

$

2.43

 

Net income (loss) from discontinued operations

 

0.03

 

(0.03

)

 

(0.09

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Bunge common shareholders

 

$

0.51

 

$

0.78

 

$

0.79

 

$

2.34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends declared per common share

 

$

0.46

 

$

0.42

 

$

0.88

 

$

0.80

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3



Table of Contents

 

BUNGE LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(Unaudited)

 

(U.S. dollars in millions)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

June  30,

 

June  30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2017

 

2016

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

87

 

$

120

 

$

135

 

$

352

 

Other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign exchange translation adjustment

 

(140

)

465

 

126

 

985

 

Unrealized gains (losses) on designated cash flow and net investment hedges, net of tax (expense) benefit of nil and nil in 2017 and nil and nil in 2016

 

(64

)

(155

)

(71

)

(339

)

Unrealized gains (losses) on investments, net of tax (expense) benefit of $1 and $1 in 2017, nil and nil in 2016

 

1

 

 

1

 

 

Reclassification of realized net losses (gains) to net income, net of tax expense (benefit) of nil and nil in 2017, nil and nil in 2016

 

(17

)

(7

)

(19

)

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

 

(220

)

303

 

37

 

646

 

Total comprehensive income (loss)

 

(133

)

423

 

172

 

998

 

Less: comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

(11

)

6

 

(17

)

 

Total comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Bunge

 

$

(144

)

$

429

 

$

155

 

$

998

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4



Table of Contents

 

BUNGE LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

 

(U.S. dollars in millions, except share data)

 

 

 

 

June 30,

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

575

 

$

934

 

Time deposits under trade structured finance program (Note 5)

 

 

64

 

Trade accounts receivable (less allowances of $120 and $122) (Note 13)

 

1,747

 

1,676

 

Inventories (Note 6)

 

5,454

 

4,773

 

Other current assets (Note 7)

 

4,138

 

3,645

 

Total current assets

 

11,914

 

11,092

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

5,331

 

5,099

 

Goodwill

 

504

 

373

 

Other intangible assets, net

 

362

 

336

 

Investments in affiliates

 

426

 

373

 

Deferred income taxes

 

543

 

524

 

Time deposits under trade structured finance program (Note 5)

 

411

 

464

 

Other non-current assets (Note 8)

 

942

 

927

 

Total assets

 

$

20,433

 

$

19,188

 

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Short-term debt

 

$

1,274

 

$

257

 

Current portion of long-term debt (Note 12)

 

206

 

938

 

Letter of credit obligations under trade structured finance program (Note 5)

 

411

 

528

 

Trade accounts payable

 

3,513

 

3,485

 

Other current liabilities (Note 10)

 

2,529

 

2,476

 

Total current liabilities

 

7,933

 

7,684

 

Long-term debt (Note 12)

 

3,918

 

3,069

 

Deferred income taxes

 

268

 

239

 

Other non-current liabilities

 

879

 

853

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 15)

 

 

 

 

 

Equity (Note 16):

 

 

 

 

 

Convertible perpetual preference shares, par value $.01; authorized, issued and outstanding: 2017 - 6,899,700 and 2016 — 6,900,000 shares (liquidation preference $100 per share)

 

690

 

690

 

Common shares, par value $.01; authorized — 400,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding: 2017 — 140,591,756 shares, 2016 — 139,500,862 shares

 

1

 

1

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

5,212

 

5,143

 

Retained earnings

 

8,195

 

8,208

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (Note 16)

 

(5,951

)

(5,978

)

Treasury shares, at cost - 2017 and 2016 - 12,882,313 shares, respectively

 

(920

)

(920

)

Total Bunge shareholders’ equity

 

7,227

 

7,144

 

Noncontrolling interests

 

208

 

199

 

Total equity

 

7,435

 

7,343

 

Total liabilities and equity

 

$

20,433

 

$

19,188

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

5



Table of Contents

 

BUNGE LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

(U.S. dollars in millions)

 

 

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

OPERATING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

135

 

$

352

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to cash provided by (used for) operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign exchange loss (gain) on net debt

 

(33

)

118

 

Bad debt expense

 

8

 

11

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

282

 

254

 

Share-based compensation expense

 

17

 

26

 

Deferred income tax expense (benefit)

 

(2

)

82

 

Other, net

 

18

 

23

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, excluding the effects of acquisitions:

 

 

 

 

 

Trade accounts receivable

 

(93

)

39

 

Inventories

 

(532

)

(1,250

)

Secured advances to suppliers

 

125

 

265

 

Trade accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

98

 

(272

)

Net unrealized gain/loss on derivative contracts

 

(36

)

34

 

Advances on sales

 

(149

)

(106

)

Margin deposits

 

(45

)

(117

)

Other, net

 

(270

)

(143

)

Cash provided by (used for) operating activities

 

(477

)

(684

)

INVESTING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Payments made for capital expenditures

 

(342

)

(275

)

Acquisitions of businesses (net of cash acquired)

 

(394

)

 

Settlement of net investment hedges

 

(3

)

(115

)

Proceeds from investments

 

119

 

449

 

Payments for investments

 

(160

)

(436

)

Payments for investments in affiliates

 

(68

)

(20

)

Other, net

 

9

 

(20

)

Cash provided by (used for) investing activities

 

(839

)

(417

)

FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Net change in short-term debt with maturities of 90 days or less

 

759

 

993

 

Proceeds from short-term debt with maturities greater than 90 days

 

380

 

166

 

Repayments of short-term debt with maturities greater than 90 days

 

(138

)

(152

)

Proceeds from long-term debt

 

3,872

 

5,839

 

Repayments of long-term debt

 

(3,853

)

(5,292

)

Proceeds from the exercise of options for common shares

 

57

 

 

Repurchases of common shares

 

 

(200

)

Dividends paid

 

(135

)

(124

)

Other, net

 

(6

)

(18

)

Cash provided by (used for) financing activities

 

936

 

1,212

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

21

 

26

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

(359

)

137

 

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

934

 

411

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

 

$

575

 

$

548

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

6



Table of Contents

 

BUNGE LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY AND REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS

(Unaudited)

 

(U.S. dollars in millions, except share data)

 

 

 

Redeemable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-

 

 

Convertible

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

Other

 

 

 

Non-

 

 

 

 

 

Controlling

 

 

Preference Shares

 

Common Shares

 

Paid-in

 

Retained

 

Comprehensive

 

Treasury

 

Controlling

 

Total

 

 

 

Interests

 

 

Shares

 

Amount

 

Shares

 

Amount

 

Capital

 

Earnings

 

Income (Loss)

 

Shares

 

Interests

 

Equity

 

Balance, January 1, 2017

 

$

 

 

6,900,000

 

$

690

 

139,500,862

 

$

1

 

$

5,143

 

$

8,208

 

$

(5,978

)

$

(920

)

$

199

 

$

7,343

 

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

128

 

 

 

7

 

135

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

27

 

 

10

 

37

 

Dividends on common shares

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(124

)

 

 

 

(124

)

Dividends on preference shares

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(17

)

 

 

 

(17

)

Dividends to noncontrolling interests on subsidiary common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(8

)

(8

)

Share-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

 

 

 

 

 

17

 

Issuance of common shares

 

 

 

(300

)

 

1,090,894

 

 

52

 

 

 

 

 

52

 

Balance, June 30, 2017

 

$

 

 

6,899,700

 

$

690

 

140,591,756

 

$

1

 

$

5,212

 

$

8,195

 

$

(5,951

)

$

(920

)

$

208

 

$

7,435

 

 

 

 

Redeemable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-

 

 

Convertible

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

Other

 

 

 

Non-

 

 

 

 

 

Controlling

 

 

Preference Shares

 

Common Shares

 

Paid-in

 

Retained

 

Comprehensive

 

Treasury

 

Controlling

 

Total

 

 

 

Interests

 

 

Shares

 

Amount

 

Shares

 

Amount

 

Capital

 

Earnings

 

Income (Loss)

 

Shares

 

Interests

 

Equity

 

Balance, January 1, 2016

 

$

37

 

 

6,900,000

 

$

690

 

142,483,467

 

$

1

 

$

5,105

 

$

7,725

 

$

(6,360

)

$

(720

)

$

211

 

$

6,652

 

Net income (loss)

 

(6

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

356

 

 

 

(4

)

352

 

Accretion of noncontrolling interest

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

(8

)

 

 

 

 

(8

)

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

642

 

 

4

 

646

 

Dividends on common shares

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(111

)

 

 

 

(111

)

Dividends on preference shares

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(17

)

 

 

 

(17

)

Dividends to noncontrolling interests on subsidiary common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7

)

(7

)

Noncontrolling interests from redemption

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

 

(8

)

(9

)

Deconsolidation of subsidiary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(22

)

(22

)

Share-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26

 

 

 

 

 

26

 

Repurchase of common shares

 

 

 

 

 

(3,296,230

)

 

 

 

 

(200

)

 

(200

)

Issuance of common shares

 

 

 

 

 

248,902

 

 

(2

)

 

 

 

 

(2

)

Balance, June 30, 2016

 

$

40

 

 

6,900,000

 

$

690

 

139,436,139

 

$

1

 

$

5,120

 

$

7,953

 

$

(5,718

)

$

(920

)

$

174

 

$

7,300

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

7



Table of Contents

 

BUNGE LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(Unaudited)

 

1.                                      BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Bunge Limited (“Bunge”), its subsidiaries and variable interest entities (“VIEs”) in which Bunge is considered to be the primary beneficiary, and as a result, include the assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses of all entities over which Bunge exercises control. The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”).  Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) rules. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The condensed consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2016 has been derived from Bunge’s audited consolidated financial statements at that date.  Operating results for the six months ended June 30, 2017 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2017.  The financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2016, forming part of Bunge’s 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 28, 2017.

 

2.                                      ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

 

New Accounting Pronouncements — In May 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2017-09, Compensation — Stock Compensation (Topic 718), Scope of Modification Accounting. The new guidance requires an entity to apply modification accounting only if the fair value, vesting conditions, or classification of the award as equity or liability changes as a result of a change in terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. The amendments in this ASU are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those annual periods. Early adoption is permitted. The amendments in the ASU should be applied prospectively to an award modified on or after the adoption date. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on Bunge’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-08, Receivables — Nonrefundable Fees and Other Costs (Subtopic 310-20): Premium Amortization on Purchased Callable Debt Securities.  The new guidance shortens the premium amortization period for certain callable debt securities to the earliest call date.  The new guidance does not require an accounting change for securities held at a discount, which will continue to be amortized to maturity.  The guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those annual periods.  Early adoption is permitted.  The new requirements should be implemented using a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment directly to retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption.  The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on Bunge’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-07, Compensation — Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost, which changes the presentation of net periodic benefit cost related to employer sponsored defined benefit plans and other postretirement benefits. Service cost should be included in the same income statement line item as other compensation costs arising from services rendered during the period, while other components of net periodic benefit pension cost should be presented separately outside of operating income. Additionally, only service costs may be capitalized in assets. The standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those annual periods. Early adoption is permitted.  Entities should apply the guidance on the presentation of the components of net periodic benefit cost in the income statement retrospectively.  The guidance limiting the capitalization of net periodic benefit cost in assets to the service cost component should be applied prospectively.  The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on Bunge’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In February 2017, the FASB  issued ASU 2017-05, Other Income—Gains and Losses from the Derecognition of Nonfinancial Assets (Subtopic 610-20): Clarifying the Scope of Asset Derecognition Guidance and

 

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Accounting for Partial Sales of Nonfinancial Assets. The new guidance clarifies the scope of Subtopic 610-20 on the sale or transfer of nonfinancial assets to noncustomers, including partial sales.  The standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those annual periods. Early adoption is permitted. The new requirements may be implemented either retrospectively to each period presented in the financial statements (i.e., the full retrospective approach), or retrospectively with a cumulative—effect adjustment to retained earnings at the date of initial application (i.e., the modified retrospective approach). The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on Bunge’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350) - Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. The new guidance eliminates Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test.  Instead an entity should perform its annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An entity should recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value; however, the loss recognized should not exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. The standard is effective for annual or interim impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019.  Early adoption is permitted.  The new requirements should be implemented on a prospective basis.  The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on Bunge’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805) - Clarifying the Definition of a Business.  The amendments provide that when substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired (or disposed of) is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or a group of similar identifiable assets, the set is not a business. Otherwise, to be considered a business, a set must include, at a minimum, an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create output. The standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those annual periods.  Early adoption is permitted.  The new requirements should be implemented on a prospective basis.  The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on Bunge’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements - In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-17, Consolidation (Topic 810), Interests Held through Related Parties That Are under Common Control, which provides that a single decision maker is not required to consider indirect interests held through related parties that are under common control with the decision maker to be equivalents of direct interests in their entity. The new guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. Bunge adopted this ASU upon its effective date of January 1, 2017 and the adoption did not have a material impact on Bunge’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718), Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting. This update identifies areas for simplification involving several aspects of accounting for share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, an option to recognize gross stock compensation expense with actual forfeitures recognized as they occur, as well as certain classifications on the statement of cash flows. The new standard is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2016.  Bunge adopted this ASU upon its effective date of January 1, 2017 and the adoption did not have a material impact on Bunge’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, Inventory (Topic 330), Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory, which requires entities that measure inventory using the first-in, first-out or average cost methods to measure inventory at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Net realizable value is defined as estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. The update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016 on a prospective basis, with earlier application permitted.  Bunge adopted this ASU upon its effective date of January 1, 2017 and the adoption did not have a material impact on Bunge’s consolidated financial statements.

 

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3.                                      COMPETITIVENESS PROGRAM

 

In July 2017, Bunge announced a global Competitiveness Program (“the Program”) to improve its cost position and deliver increased value to shareholders.  The Program will, among other things, rationalize Bunge’s cost structure and reengineer the way the company operates in order to reduce overhead costs. One of the Program’s key objectives will be to streamline processes and consolidate back office functions to improve efficiency and scalability.

 

The Program will comprise restructuring initiatives that may include the sale or disposal of long-lived assets, reduction of workforce and rationalization of certain investments. As Bunge continues to review its opportunities, certain charges may be recorded in earnings, including severance and other employee benefit costs and other costs related to the disposal of assets or investments.  There were no material expenses recorded for the Program as of June 30, 2017.

 

4.                                      BUSINESS ACQUISITIONS

 

On February 28, 2017, Bunge closed on the acquisition of two oilseed processing plants and related operations in the Netherlands and France pursuant to an agreement with Cargill, Inc. Bunge paid a total purchase price of approximately $344 million, subject to adjustments for working capital. The purchase price allocation resulted in $109 million allocated to property, plant and equipment, $125 million to other net assets and liabilities and $7 million to finite-lived intangible assets. The transaction also resulted in $103 million of goodwill allocated to Bunge’s agribusiness operations.

 

5.                                      TRADE STRUCTURED FINANCE PROGRAM

 

Bunge engages in various trade structured finance activities to leverage the value of its trade flows across its operating regions. For the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, the net return from these activities was $18 million and $30 million, respectively, and were included as a reduction of cost of goods sold in the accompanying consolidated statements of income. These activities include programs under which Bunge generally obtains U.S. dollar-denominated letters of credit (“LCs”) (each based on an underlying commodity trade flow) from financial institutions, and time deposits denominated in either the local currency of the financial institutions counterparties or in U.S. dollars, as well as foreign exchange forward contracts, all of which are subject to legally enforceable set-off agreements.

 

The table below summarizes the assets and liabilities included in the condensed consolidated balance sheets and the associated fair value amounts at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, related to the program.   The fair values approximated the carrying amount of the related financial instruments.

 

 

 

June 30,

 

December 31,

 

(US$ in millions)

 

2017

 

2016

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying value of time deposits

 

$

 

$

64

 

Fair value (Level 2 measurement) of time deposits

 

$

 

$

64

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying value of time deposits

 

$

411

 

$

464

 

Fair value (Level 2 measurement) of time deposits

 

$

411

 

$

464

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying value of letters of credit obligations

 

$

411

 

$

528

 

Fair value (Level 2 measurement) of letters of credit obligations

 

$

411

 

$

528

 

Total fair value (Level 2 measurement) of letters of credit obligations

 

$

411

 

$

528

 

 

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As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, time deposits and LCs of $6,182 million and $5,732 million, respectively, were presented net on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as the criteria of ASC 210-20, Offsetting, had been met.  At June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, time deposits, including those presented on a net basis, carried weighted-average interest rates of 2.59% and 2.36%, respectively.  During the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, total net proceeds from issuances of LCs were $3,889 million and $3,242 million, respectively. These cash inflows are offset by the related cash outflows resulting from placement of the time deposits and repayment of the LCs. All cash flows related to the programs are included in operating activities in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.

 

6.                                      INVENTORIES

 

Inventories by segment are presented below. Readily marketable inventory (“RMI”) are agricultural commodity inventories, such as soybeans, soybean meal, soybean oil, corn and wheat, carried at fair value because of their commodity characteristics, widely available markets and international pricing mechanisms. All other inventories are carried at lower of cost and net realizable value.

 

 

 

June 30,

 

December 31,

 

(US$ in millions)

 

2017

 

2016

 

Agribusiness (1)

 

$

4,298

 

$

3,741

 

Edible Oil Products (2)

 

418

 

404

 

Milling Products

 

190

 

167

 

Sugar and Bioenergy (3)

 

455

 

406

 

Fertilizer

 

93

 

55

 

Total

 

$

5,454

 

$

4,773

 

 


(1)         Includes RMI of $4,140 million and $3,593 million at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.  Of these amounts, $3,015 million and $2,523 million can be attributable to merchandising activities at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.

 

(2)         Includes RMI of bulk soybean and canola oil in the aggregate amount of $104 million and $123 million at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.

 

(3)         Includes sugar RMI, which can be attributable to Bunge’s trading and merchandising business of $132 million and $139 million at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.

 

7.                                      OTHER CURRENT ASSETS

 

Other current assets consist of the following:

 

 

 

June 30,

 

December 31,

 

(US$ in millions)

 

2017

 

2016

 

Unrealized gains on derivative contracts, at fair value

 

$

1,594

 

$

1,327

 

Prepaid commodity purchase contracts (1)

 

323

 

273

 

Secured advances to suppliers, net (2)

 

421

 

601

 

Recoverable taxes, net

 

493

 

467

 

Margin deposits

 

295

 

251

 

Marketable securities, at fair value and other short-term investments

 

290

 

94

 

Deferred purchase price receivable, at fair value (3)

 

96

 

87

 

Prepaid expenses

 

121

 

148

 

Other

 

505

 

397

 

Total

 

$

4,138

 

$

3,645

 

 


(1)         Prepaid commodity purchase contracts represent advance payments against contracts for future delivery of specified quantities of agricultural commodities.

 

(2)         Bunge provides cash advances to suppliers, primarily Brazilian farmers of soybeans and sugarcane, to finance a portion of the suppliers’ production costs.  Bunge does not bear any of the costs or operational risks associated with the related growing crops.  The advances are largely collateralized by future crops and physical assets of the suppliers, carry a local market interest rate and settle when the farmer’s crop is harvested and sold.  The secured advances to farmers are reported net of allowances of $1 million at June 30, 2017 and $1 million at December 31, 2016. There were no significant changes in the allowance at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively. Interest earned on secured advances to suppliers of $12 million and $7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 respectively, and $27 million and $18 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively is included in net sales in the condensed consolidated statements of income.

 

(3)         Deferred purchase price receivable represents additional credit support for the investment conduits in Bunge’s accounts receivables sales program (see Note 13).

 

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Marketable Securities and Other Short-Term Investments - The Company invests in foreign government securities, corporate debt securities, deposits, and other securities. The following is a summary of amounts recorded on the condensed consolidated balance sheets for marketable securities and other short-term investments.

 

 

 

June 30,

 

December 31,

 

(US$ in millions)

 

2017

 

2016

 

Foreign government securities

 

$

214

 

$

28

 

Corporate debt securities

 

65

 

57

 

Certificate of deposits/time deposits

 

6

 

7

 

Other

 

5

 

2

 

Total marketable securities and other short-term investments

 

$

290

 

$

94

 

 

As of June 30, 2017, total marketable securities and other short-term investments includes $16 million of assets classified as available for sale, $266 million as trading and $8 million as other short-term investments. As of December 31, 2016, total marketable securities and other short-term investments includes $22 million of assets classified as available for sale, $63 million as trading and $9 million as other short-term investments.  Held-to-maturity foreign government and corporate debt securities and certificate of deposits/time deposits are expected to be converted to cash within a twelve month period and are therefore classified as current. Due to the short term nature of these investments, carrying value approximates fair value.

 

8.                                      OTHER NON-CURRENT ASSETS

 

Other non-current assets consist of the following:

 

 

 

June 30,

 

December 31,

 

(US$ in millions)

 

2017

 

2016

 

Recoverable taxes, net (1)

 

$

125

 

$

139

 

Judicial deposits (1)

 

138

 

129

 

Other long-term receivables

 

22

 

23

 

Income taxes receivable (1)

 

279

 

261

 

Long-term investments

 

56

 

54

 

Affiliate loans receivable

 

24

 

25

 

Long-term receivables from farmers in Brazil, net (1)

 

134

 

133

 

Other

 

164

 

163

 

Total

 

$

942

 

$

927

 

 


(1)                                 These non-current assets arise primarily from Bunge’s Brazilian operations and their realization could take several years.

 

Recoverable taxes, net-Recoverable taxes are reported net of allowances of $26 million and $32 million at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.

 

Judicial deposits-Judicial deposits are funds that Bunge has placed on deposit with the courts in Brazil. These funds are held in judicial escrow relating to certain legal proceedings pending legal resolution and bear interest at the SELIC rate, which is the benchmark rate of the Brazilian central bank.

 

Income taxes receivable-Income taxes receivable includes overpayments of current income taxes plus accrued interest. These income tax prepayments are expected to be primarily utilized for settlement of future income tax obligations. Income taxes receivable in Brazil bear interest at the SELIC rate.

 

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Affiliate loans receivable-Affiliate loans receivable are primarily interest bearing receivables from unconsolidated affiliates with a remaining maturity of greater than one year.

 

Long-term receivables from farmers in Brazil, net of reserves-Bunge provides financing to farmers in Brazil, primarily through secured advances against farmer commitments to deliver agricultural commodities (primarily soybeans) upon harvest of the then-current year’s crop and through credit sales of fertilizer to farmers.

 

The table below summarizes Bunge’s recorded investment in long-term receivables from farmers in Brazil.

 

 

 

June 30,

 

December 31,

 

(US$ in millions)

 

2017

 

2016

 

Legal collection process (1)

 

$

155

 

$

144

 

Renegotiated amounts (2)

 

50

 

52

 

Other long-term receivables

 

38

 

46

 

Total

 

$

243

 

$

242

 

 


(1)         All amounts in legal process are considered past due upon initiation of legal action.

 

(2)         All renegotiated amounts are current on repayment terms.

 

The average recorded investment in long-term receivables from farmers in Brazil for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and the year ended December 31, 2016 was $264 million and $235 million, respectively.  The table below summarizes Bunge’s recorded investment in long-term receivables from farmers in Brazil and the related allowance amounts.

 

 

 

June 30, 2017

 

December  31, 2016

 

 

 

Recorded

 

 

 

Recorded

 

 

 

(US$ in millions)

 

Investment

 

Allowance

 

Investment

 

Allowance

 

For which an allowance has been provided:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Legal collection process

 

$

96

 

$

82

 

$

84

 

$

78

 

Renegotiated amounts

 

30

 

27

 

36

 

31

 

For which no allowance has been provided:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Legal collection process

 

59

 

 

60

 

 

Renegotiated amounts

 

20

 

 

16

 

 

Other long-term receivables

 

38

 

 

46

 

 

Total

 

$

243

 

$

109

 

$

242

 

$

109

 

 

The table below summarizes the activity in the allowance for doubtful accounts related to long-term receivables from farmers in Brazil.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

(US$ in millions)

 

2017

 

2016

 

2017

 

2016

 

Beginning balance

 

$

111

 

$

108

 

$

109

 

$

100

 

Bad debt provisions

 

9

 

1

 

10

 

1

 

Recoveries

 

(5

)

(9

)

(8

)

(9

)

Write-offs

 

(1

)

 

 

 

Foreign exchange translation

 

(5

)

11

 

(2

)

19

 

Ending balance

 

$

109

 

$

111

 

$

109

 

$

111

 

 

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9.                                      INCOME TAXES

 

Income tax expense is provided on an interim basis based on management’s estimate of the annual effective income tax rate and includes the tax effects of certain discrete items, such as changes in tax laws or tax rates or other unusual or non-recurring tax adjustments in the interim period in which they occur. In addition, jurisdictions with a projected loss for the year or a year-to-date loss where no tax benefit can be recognized are excluded from the estimated annual effective tax rate. The effective tax rate is highly dependent on the geographic distribution of Bunge’s worldwide earnings or losses and tax regulations in each jurisdiction. Management regularly monitors the assumptions used in estimating its annual effective tax rate and adjusts estimates accordingly, including the realizability of deferred tax assets.  Volatility in earnings results in a taxing jurisdiction could result in a determination that additional valuation allowance adjustments may be warranted. While management does not currently believe any future valuation allowance adjustments will be significant, the actual results may be different and the impact of such amounts will be recorded in the period in which management’s assessment changes.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2017, and 2016, income tax (expense)/benefit related to continuing operations was $27 million and $(73) million, respectively, resulting in effective tax rates of (25)% and 17%. The year-to-date effective tax rate of (25)% in 2017 was primarily due to certain discrete items, including an income tax benefit of $32 million for a favorable resolution of income tax matters in Asia and an income tax benefit of $17 million related to a tax election in South America. The 2016 year-to-date effective tax rate of 17% was driven primarily by discrete items, including an income tax benefit of $60 million recorded for a change in estimate resulting from a tax election for North America and an income tax benefit of $11 million recorded for income tax refund claims in Europe, partially offset by an income tax charge of $(32) million recorded for an uncertain tax position related to Asia. Excluding the effect of these discrete items noted above, Bunge’s effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2017, and 2016 was 20% and 26%, respectively. The reduction in the effective tax rate from 2016 to 2017, taking into account an exclusion of the discrete tax items noted above, is primarily attributable to favorable earnings mix and increased tax-exempt income.

 

Bunge believes that it is reasonably possible that approximately $30 million of its unrecognized tax benefits may be recognized within the next twelve months as a result of the lapse of statute of limitations, or settlement with the tax authorities.

 

As a global enterprise, Bunge files income tax returns that are subject to periodic examination and challenge by federal, state and foreign tax authorities. In many jurisdictions, income tax examinations, including settlement negotiations or litigation, may take several years to finalize. While it is difficult to predict the final outcome or timing of resolution of any particular matter, management believes that the condensed consolidated financial statements reflect the largest amount of tax benefit that is more likely than not to be realized.

 

10.                               OTHER CURRENT LIABILITIES

 

Other current liabilities consist of the following:

 

 

 

June 30,

 

December 31,

 

(US$ in millions)

 

2017

 

2016

 

Unrealized losses on derivative contracts at fair value

 

$

1,444

 

$

1,203

 

Accrued liabilities

 

513

 

548

 

Advances on sales

 

246

 

395

 

Other

 

326

 

330

 

Total

 

$

2,529

 

$

2,476

 

 

11.                               FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

 

Bunge’s various financial instruments include certain components of working capital such as cash and cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable and trade accounts payable.  Additionally, Bunge uses short and long-term debt to fund operating requirements.  Cash and cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable, trade accounts payable and short-term debt are stated at their carrying value, which is a reasonable estimate of fair value.  See Note 13 for deferred purchase price receivable (“DPP”) related to sales of trade receivables. See Note 8 for long-term receivables from farmers in Brazil, net and other long-term investments and Note 12 for long-term debt. Bunge’s financial instruments also include derivative instruments and marketable securities, which are stated at fair value.

 

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The majority of Bunge’s exchange traded agricultural commodity futures are settled daily generally through its clearing subsidiary and, therefore, such futures are not included in the table below.  Assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is a significant component of the fair value measurement.  The lowest level of input is considered Level 3.

 

The following table sets forth, by level, Bunge’s assets and liabilities that were accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis.

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date

 

 

 

June 30, 2017

 

December 31, 2016

 

(US$ in millions)

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Total

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Total

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Readily marketable inventories (Note 5)

 

$

 

$

 3,753

 

$

 623

 

$

 4,376

 

$

 

$

 3,618

 

$

 237

 

$

 3,855

 

Trade accounts receivable(1)

 

 

7

 

 

7

 

 

6

 

 

6

 

Unrealized gain on designated derivative contracts(2):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest rate

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

Foreign exchange

 

 

21

 

 

21

 

 

29

 

 

29

 

Unrealized gain on undesignated derivative contracts (2):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest rate

 

 

4

 

 

4

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

Foreign exchange

 

2

 

306

 

 

308

 

 

312

 

 

312

 

Commodities

 

648

 

530

 

47

 

1,225

 

421

 

431

 

96

 

948

 

Freight

 

18

 

 

4

 

22

 

16

 

 

 

16

 

Energy

 

14

 

 

 

14

 

23

 

1

 

 

24

 

Deferred purchase price receivable (Note 13)

 

 

96

 

 

96

 

 

87

 

 

87

 

Other (3)

 

17

 

689

 

 

706

 

18

 

108

 

 

126

 

Total assets

 

$

699

 

$

5,406

 

$

674

 

$

6,779

 

$

478

 

$

4,594

 

$

333

 

$

5,405

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade accounts payable(1)

 

$

 

$

659

 

$

453

 

$

1,112

 

$

 

$

478

 

$

44

 

$

522

 

Unrealized loss on designated derivative contracts (4):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest rate

 

 

23

 

 

23

 

 

18

 

 

18

 

Foreign exchange

 

 

2

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized loss on undesignated derivative contracts (4):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest rate

 

 

3

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign exchange

 

3

 

307

 

 

310

 

 

233

 

 

233

 

Commodities

 

623

 

423

 

45

 

1,091

 

356

 

444

 

144

 

944

 

Freight

 

21

 

 

3

 

24

 

14

 

 

1

 

15

 

Energy

 

16

 

 

3

 

19

 

9

 

 

2

 

11

 

Total liabilities

 

$

663

 

$

1,417

 

$

504

 

$

2,584

 

$

379

 

$

1,173

 

$

191

 

$

1,743

 

 


(1)         Trade accounts receivable and payable are generally stated at historical amounts, net of write-offs and allowances with the exception of $7 million and $1,112 million, at June 30, 2017 and $6 million and $522 million at December 31, 2016, respectively, related to certain delivered inventory for which the receivable and payable, respectively, fluctuate based on changes in commodity prices. These receivables and payables are hybrid financial instruments for which Bunge has elected the fair value option.

 

(2)         Unrealized gains on designated and undesignated derivative contracts are generally included in other current assets. There are nil and $5 million included in other non-current assets at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.

 

(3)         Other includes the fair values of marketable securities and investments in other current assets and other non-current assets.

 

(4)         Unrealized losses on designated and undesignated derivative contracts are generally included in other current liabilities. There are $28 million and $18 million included in other non-current liabilities at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.

 

Derivatives — Exchange traded futures and options contracts and exchange cleared contracts are valued based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets and are classified within Level 1.  Bunge’s forward commodity

 

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purchase and sale contracts are classified as derivatives along with OTC derivative instruments relating primarily to freight, energy, foreign exchange and interest rates, and are classified within Level 2 or Level 3 as described below.  Bunge estimates fair values based on exchange quoted prices, adjusted as appropriate for differences in local markets.  These differences are generally valued using inputs from broker or dealer quotations, or market transactions in either the listed or OTC markets.  In such cases, these derivative contracts are classified within Level 2.

 

OTC derivative contracts include swaps, options and structured transactions that are valued at fair value generally determined using quantitative models that require the use of multiple market inputs including quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets which are not highly active, other observable inputs relevant to the asset or liability, and market inputs corroborated by correlation or other means.  These valuation models include inputs such as interest rates, prices and indices to generate continuous yield or pricing curves and volatility factors.  Where observable inputs are available for substantially the full term of the asset or liability, the instrument is categorized in Level 2.  Certain OTC derivatives trade in less active markets with less availability of pricing information and certain structured transactions can require internally developed model inputs that might not be observable in or corroborated by the market.  When unobservable inputs have a significant impact on the measurement of fair value, the instrument is categorized in Level 3.

 

Exchange traded or cleared derivative contracts are classified in Level 1, thus transfers of assets and liabilities into and/or out of Level 1 occur infrequently.  Transfers into Level 1 would generally only be expected to occur when an exchange cleared derivative contract historically valued using a valuation model as the result of a lack of observable inputs becomes sufficiently observable, resulting in the valuation price being essentially the exchange traded price.  There were no significant transfers into or out of Level 1 during the periods presented.

 

Readily marketable inventories — RMI reported at fair value are valued based on commodity futures exchange quotations, broker or dealer quotations, or market transactions in either listed or OTC markets with appropriate adjustments for differences in local markets where Bunge’s inventories are located.  In such cases, the inventory is classified within Level 2.  Certain inventories may utilize significant unobservable data related to local market adjustments to determine fair value. In such cases, the inventory is classified as Level 3.

 

If Bunge used different methods or factors to determine fair values, amounts reported as unrealized gains and losses on derivative contracts and RMI at fair value in the consolidated balance sheets and condensed consolidated statements of income could differ.  Additionally, if market conditions change subsequent to the reporting date, amounts reported in future periods as unrealized gains and losses on derivative contracts and RMI at fair value in the consolidated balance sheets and consolidated statements of income could differ.

 

Level 3 Measurements — Transfers in and/or out of Level 3 represent existing assets or liabilities that were either previously categorized as a higher level for which the inputs to the model became unobservable or assets and liabilities that were previously classified as Level 3 for which the lowest significant input became observable during the period. Bunge’s policy regarding the timing of transfers between levels is to record the transfers at the beginning of the reporting period.

 

Level 3 Derivatives — Level 3 derivative instruments utilize both market observable and unobservable inputs within the fair value measurements.  These inputs include commodity prices, price volatility, interest rates, volumes and locations.  In addition, with the exception of the exchange cleared instruments, Bunge is exposed to loss in the event of the non-performance by counterparties on OTC derivative instruments and forward purchase and sale contracts.  Adjustments are made to fair values on occasions when non-performance risk is determined to represent a significant input in Bunge’s fair value determination. These adjustments are based on Bunge’s estimate of the potential loss in the event of counterparty non-performance. Bunge did not have significant adjustments related to non-performance by counterparties at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Level 3 Readily marketable inventories and other — The significant unobservable inputs resulting in Level 3 classification for RMI, physically settled forward purchase and sale contracts, and trade accounts receivable and payable, net, relate to certain management estimations regarding costs of transportation and other local market or location-related adjustments, primarily freight related adjustments in the interior of Brazil and the lack of market corroborated information in Canada.  In both situations, Bunge uses proprietary information such as purchase and sale contracts and contracted prices for freight, premiums and discounts to value its contracts.  Movements in the price of these unobservable inputs alone would not have a material effect on Bunge’s financial statements as these contracts do not typically exceed one future crop cycle.

 

The tables below present reconciliations for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) during the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016.  These instruments were valued using pricing models that management believes reflect the assumptions that would be used by a marketplace participant.

 

 

 

Level 3 Instruments

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

Readily

 

Trade
Accounts

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives,

 

Marketable

 

Receivable/

 

 

 

(US$ in millions)

 

Net (1)

 

Inventories

 

Payable, Net(2)

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, April 1, 2017

 

$

(72

)

$

743

 

$

(372

)

$

299

 

Total gains and (losses), realized/unrealized included in cost of goods sold

 

27

 

86

 

4

 

117

 

Purchases

 

1

 

380

 

(125

)

256

 

Sales

 

 

(658

)

 

(658

)

Issuances

 

(3

)

 

 

(3

)

Settlements

 

54

 

 

91

 

145

 

Transfers into Level 3

 

(3

)

157

 

(51

)

103

 

Transfers out of Level 3

 

(4

)

(85

)

 

(89

)

Balance, June 30, 2017

 

$

 

$

623

 

$

(453

)

$

170

 

 


(1)         Derivatives, net include Level 3 derivative assets and liabilities.

 

(2)         Trade Accounts Receivable and Trade Accounts Payable, net, include Level 3 inventory related receivables and payables.

 

 

 

Level 3 Instruments

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

Readily

 

Trade
Accounts

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives,

 

Marketable

 

Receivable/

 

 

 

(US$ in millions)

 

Net (1)

 

Inventories

 

Payable, Net (2)

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, April 1, 2016

 

$

16

 

$

730

 

$

(291

)

$

455

 

Total gains and (losses), realized/unrealized included in cost of goods sold

 

116

 

121

 

3

 

240

 

Purchases

 

 

196

 

(17

)

179

 

Sales

 

 

(250

)

 

(250

)

Issuances

 

 

(7

)

 

(7

)

Settlements

 

(6

)

 

99

 

93

 

Transfers into Level 3

 

(2

)

168

 

(1

)

165

 

Transfers out of Level 3

 

3

 

(41

)

19

 

(19

)

Balance, June 30, 2016

 

$

127

 

$

917

 

$

(188

)

$

856

 

 


(1)         Derivatives, net include Level 3 derivative assets and liabilities.

 

(2)         Trade Accounts Receivable and Trade Accounts Payable, net, include Level 3 inventory related receivables and payables.

 

17



Table of Contents

 

 

 

Level 3 Instruments

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

Readily

 

Trade Accounts

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives,

 

Marketable

 

Receivable/

 

 

 

(US$ in millions)

 

Net (1)

 

Inventories

 

Payable, Net(2)

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, January 1, 2017

 

$

(51

)

$

237

 

$

(44

)

$

142

 

Total gains and losses (realized/unrealized) included in cost of goods sold

 

(32

)

72

 

11

 

51

 

Purchases

 

5

 

1,144

 

(455

)

694

 

Sales

 

 

(1,030

)

 

(1,030

)

Issuances

 

(5

)

 

 

(5

)

Settlements

 

71

 

 

91

 

162

 

Transfers into Level 3

 

(7

)

341

 

(55

)

279

 

Transfers out of Level 3

 

19

 

(141

)

(1

)

(123

)

Balance, June 30, 2017

 

$

 

$

623

 

$

(453

)

$

170

 

 


(1)         Derivatives, net include Level 3 derivative assets and liabilities.

 

(2)         Trade Accounts Receivable and Trade Accounts Payable, net, include Level 3 inventory related receivables and payables.

 

</

 

 

Level 3 Instruments

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

Readily

 

Trade Accounts

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives,

 

Marketable

 

Receivable/

 

 

 

(US$ in millions)

 

Net (1)

 

Inventories

 

Payable, Net (2)

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, January 1, 2016

 

$

167

 

$

245

 

$

(44

)

$

368