10-Q FY15-Q3
Table of Contents


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 ______________________________
FORM 10-Q
______________________________ 
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2015
or
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
001-36587
(Commission File Number)
 _____________________________
Catalent, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_____________________________ 
Delaware
 
20-8737688
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
14 Schoolhouse Road, Somerset, NJ
 
08873
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip code)
(732) 537-6200
Registrant's telephone number, including area code
______________________________ 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). x  Yes    ¨  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ¨
 
 
Accelerated filer ¨
 
Non-accelerated filer x
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

On April 30, 2015 there were 124,286,388 shares of the Registrant's common stock, par value $0.01 per share, issued and outstanding.

 


Table of Contents


CATALENT, INC. and Subsidiaries

INDEX TO FORM 10-Q
For the Three and Nine Months Ended March 31, 2015
 
Item
 
Page
 
 
 
Part I.
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Nine Months Ended March 31, 2015 and March 31, 2014
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income/(Loss) for the Three and Nine Months Ended March 31, 2015 and March 31, 2014
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2015 and June 30, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended March 31, 2015 and March 31, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
Part II.
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 

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Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
In addition to historical information, this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), which are subject to the “safe harbor” created by those sections. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify these forward-looking statements by the use of words such as “outlook,” “believes,” “expects,” “potential,” “continues,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “seeks,” “approximately,” “predicts,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates,” “anticipates” or the negative version of these words or other comparable words.
These statements are based on assumptions and assessments made by our management in light of their experience and their perception of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors they believe to be appropriate. Any forward-looking statement is subject to various risks and uncertainties. Accordingly, there are or will be important factors that could cause actual outcomes or results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements.
Some of the factors that may cause actual results, developments and business decisions to differ materially from those contemplated by such forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, those described under the section entitled “Risk Factors” in Catalent, Inc.'s ("Catalent" or the "Company") Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014 and the following:

We participate in a highly competitive market and increased competition may adversely affect our business.

The demand for our offerings depends in part on our customers’ research and development and the clinical and market success of their products. Our business, financial condition and results of operations may be harmed if our customers spend less on or are less successful in these activities.

We are subject to product and other liability risks that could adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition, liquidity and cash flows.

Failure to comply with existing and future regulatory requirements could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

Failure to provide quality offerings to our customers could have an adverse effect on our business and subject us to regulatory actions and costly litigation.

The services and offerings we provide are highly exacting and complex, and if we encounter problems providing the services or support required, our business could suffer.

Our global operations are subject to a number of economic, political and regulatory risks.

If we do not enhance our existing or introduce new technology or service offerings in a timely manner, our offerings may become obsolete over time, customers may not buy our offerings and our revenue and profitability may decline.

We and our customers depend on patents, copyrights, trademarks and other forms of intellectual property protections, but these protections may not be adequate.

Our future results of operations are subject to fluctuations in the costs, availability, and suitability of the components of the products we manufacture, including active pharmaceutical ingredients, excipients, purchased components, and raw materials.

Changes in market access or healthcare reimbursement in the United States or internationally could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

Fluctuations in the exchange rate of the U.S. dollar and other foreign currencies could have a material adverse effect on our financial performance and results of operations.

Tax legislation initiatives or challenges to our tax positions could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.


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Our ability to use our net operating loss carryforwards and certain other tax attributes may be limited.

We are dependent on key personnel.

Risks generally associated with our information systems could adversely affect our results of operations.

We have in the past engaged and may in the future engage in acquisitions and other transactions that may complement or expand our business or divest of non-strategic businesses or assets. We may not be able to complete such transactions, and such transactions, if executed, pose significant risks and could have a negative effect on our operations.

Our offerings and our customers’ products may infringe on the intellectual property rights of third parties.

We are subject to environmental, health and safety laws and regulations, which could increase our costs and restrict our operations in the future.

We are subject to labor and employment laws and regulations, which could increase our costs and restrict our operations in the future.

Certain of our pension plans are underfunded, and additional cash contributions we may make will reduce the cash available for our business, such as the payment of our interest expense.

Our substantial leverage could adversely affect our ability to raise additional capital to fund our operations, limit our ability to react to changes in the economy or in our industry, expose us to interest rate risk to the extent of our variable rate debt and prevent us from meeting our obligations under our indebtedness.

Affiliates of The Blackstone Group L.P. ("Blackstone") can significantly influence us and their interests may conflict with ours or yours in the future.

We caution you that the risks, uncertainties and other factors referenced above may not contain all of the risks, uncertainties and other factors that are important to you. In addition, we cannot assure you that we will realize the results, benefits or developments that we expect or anticipate or, even if substantially realized, that they will result in the consequences or affect us or our business in the way expected. There can be no assurance that (i) we have correctly measured or identified all of the factors affecting our business or the extent of these factors’ likely impact, (ii) the available information with respect to these factors on which such analysis is based is complete or accurate, (iii) such analysis is correct or (iv) our strategy, which is based in part on this analysis, will be successful. All forward-looking statements in this report apply only as of the date of this report or as of the date they were made and we undertake no obligation to publicly update or review any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise, except as required by law.
Social Media
We use our website (www.catalent.com), our corporate Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/CatalentPharmaSolutions) and our corporate Twitter account (@catalentpharma) as channels of distribution of Company information. The information we post through these channels may be deemed material. Accordingly, investors should monitor these channels, in addition to following our press releases, Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") filings and public conference calls and webcasts. The contents of our website and social media channels are not, however, a part of this report.


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PART I.    FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Catalent, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited; Dollars in millions, except per share data)

 
Three Months Ended  
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended  
 March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Net revenue
$
446.6

 
$
453.1

 
$
1,320.7

 
$
1,308.1

Cost of sales
294.4

 
301.4

 
887.1

 
899.8

Gross margin
152.2

 
151.7

 
433.6

 
408.3

Selling, general and administrative expenses
80.9

 
87.6

 
250.4

 
256.2

Impairment charges and (gain)/loss on sale of assets
0.3

 
0.4

 
3.8

 
0.4

Restructuring and other
5.2

 
3.5

 
8.7

 
11.9

Operating earnings/(loss)
65.8

 
60.2

 
170.7

 
139.8

Interest expense, net
23.0

 
40.4

 
82.4

 
122.8

Other (income)/expense, net
0.8

 
5.2

 
38.5

 
2.8

Earnings/(loss) from continuing operations before income taxes
42.0

 
14.6

 
49.8

 
14.2

Income tax expense/(benefit)
11.2

 
6.6

 
(6.9
)
 
23.3

Earnings/(loss) from continuing operations
30.8

 
8.0

 
56.7

 
(9.1
)
Net earnings/(loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

 
(1.7
)
 
0.2

 
(2.7
)
Net earnings/(loss)
30.8

 
6.3

 
56.9

 
(11.8
)
Less: Net earnings/(loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest, net of tax
(0.7
)
 
(0.4
)
 
(1.6
)
 
(0.8
)
Net earnings/(loss) attributable to Catalent
$
31.5

 
$
6.7

 
$
58.5

 
$
(11.0
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amounts attributable to Catalent:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Earnings/(loss) from continuing operations less net earnings (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest
31.5

 
8.4

 
58.3

 
(8.3
)
Net earnings/(loss) attributable to Catalent
31.5

 
6.7

 
58.5

 
(11.0
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share attributable to Catalent:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings/(loss) from continuing operations
0.25

 
0.11

 
0.50

 
(0.11
)
Net earnings/(loss)
0.25

 
0.09

 
0.50

 
(0.15
)
Diluted
 
 


 
 
 


Earnings/(loss) from continuing operations
0.25

 
0.11

 
0.49

 
(0.11
)
Net earnings/(loss)
0.25

 
0.09

 
0.49

 
(0.15
)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.


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Catalent, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income/(Loss)
(Unaudited; Dollars in millions)

 
Three Months Ended  
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended  
 March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Net earnings/(loss)
$
30.8

 
$
6.3

 
$
56.9

 
$
(11.8
)
Other comprehensive income/(loss), net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
(50.8
)
 
5.9

 
(164.4
)
 
16.1

Pension and Other Post-Retirement adjustments
0.8

 
0.2

 
1.5

 
0.6

Deferred compensation
0.3

 
0.2

 
0.5

 
1.4

Other comprehensive income/(loss), net of tax
(49.7
)
 
6.3

 
(162.4
)
 
18.1

Comprehensive income/(loss)
(18.9
)
 
12.6

 
(105.5
)
 
6.3

Comprehensive income/(loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest
(0.7
)
 
(0.4
)
 
(1.6
)
 
(0.8
)
Comprehensive income/(loss) attributable to Catalent
$
(18.2
)
 
$
13.0

 
$
(103.9
)
 
$
7.1

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.


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Catalent, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited; Dollars in millions, except per share data)
 
 
March 31,
2015
 
June 30,
2014
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
116.1

 
$
74.4

Trade receivables, net
331.6

 
403.7

Inventories
142.2

 
134.8

Prepaid expenses and other
63.2

 
74.6

Total current assets
653.1

 
687.5

Property, plant, and equipment, net
847.3

 
873.0

Other assets:
 
 
 
Goodwill
1,039.9

 
1,097.1

Other intangibles, net
373.6

 
357.6

Deferred income taxes
32.0

 
26.3

Other
28.2

 
48.7

Total assets
$
2,974.1

 
$
3,090.2

LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTEREST, AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY/(DEFICIT)
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term obligations and other short-term borrowings
$
24.8

 
$
25.2

Accounts payable
120.9

 
148.1

Other accrued liabilities
219.7

 
279.7

Total current liabilities
365.4

 
453.0

Long-term obligations, less current portion
1,857.0

 
2,685.4

Pension liability
133.9

 
154.7

Deferred income taxes
105.5

 
103.2

Other liabilities
39.6

 
61.2

Commitment and contingencies (see Note 15)
 
 


 
 
 
 
Redeemable noncontrolling interest
4.5

 
4.5

 
 
 
 
Shareholders' equity/(deficit):
 
 
 
Common stock $0.01 par value; 1.0 billion and 84 million shares authorized on March 31, 2015 and June 30, 2014, 124,194,630 and 74,821,348 issued and outstanding on March 31, 2015 and June 30, 2014, respectively.
1.2

 
0.7

Preferred stock $0.01 par value; 100 million and 0 authorized on March 31, 2015 and June 30, 2014, respectively, 0 issued and outstanding on March 31, 2015 and June 30, 2014.

 

Additional paid in capital
1,974.2

 
1,031.4

Accumulated deficit
(1,320.6
)
 
(1,379.1
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss)
(186.6
)
 
(24.2
)
Total Catalent shareholders' equity/(deficit)
468.2

 
(371.2
)
Noncontrolling interest

 
(0.6
)
Total shareholders' equity/(deficit)
468.2

 
(371.8
)
Total liabilities, redeemable noncontrolling interest and shareholders' equity/(deficit)
$
2,974.1

 
$
3,090.2

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

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Catalent, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statement of Changes in Shareholders' Equity/(Deficit)
(Unaudited; Dollars in millions, except share data in thousands)
 
 
Shares of Common Stock
 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid in
Capital
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income/(Loss)
 
Noncontrolling Interest
 
Total
Shareholders'
Equity/ (Deficit)
Balance at June 30, 2014
74,821.3

 
$
0.7

 
$
1,031.4

 
$
(1,379.1
)
 
$
(24.2
)
 
$
(0.6
)
 
$
(371.8
)
Equity contribution
48,875.0

 
0.5

 
946.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
946.6

Stock option exercises
498.3

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Equity compensation
 
 
 
 
6.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6.4

Cash paid, in lieu of equity, for tax withholding
 
 
 
 
(7.6
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(7.6
)
Noncontrolling interest ownership changes
 
 
 
 
(2.1
)
 
 
 
 
 
1.0

 
(1.1
)
Net earnings/(loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
58.5

 
 
 
(0.4
)
 
58.1

Other comprehensive income/(loss), net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(162.4
)
 
 
 
(162.4
)
Balance at March 31, 2015
124,194.6

 
$
1.2

 
$
1,974.2

 
$
(1,320.6
)
 
$
(186.6
)
 
$

 
$
468.2

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.


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Catalent, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited; Dollars in millions)
 
Nine Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Net earnings/(loss)
$
56.9

 
$
(11.8
)
Net earnings/(loss) from discontinued operations
0.2

 
(2.7
)
Earnings/(loss) from continuing operations
56.7

 
(9.1
)
Adjustments to reconcile (loss)/earnings from continued operations to net cash from operations:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
104.6

 
108.9

Non-cash foreign currency transaction (gain)/loss, net
(14.8
)
 
(5.6
)
Amortization and write off of debt financing costs
14.8

 
8.6

Asset impairments and (gain)/loss on sale of assets
3.8

 
0.4

Non-cash gain on acquisition
(10.2
)
 

Reclassification of call premium payments and financing fees paid
12.6

 

Equity compensation
6.4

 
3.4

Provision/(benefit) for deferred income taxes
(27.0
)
 
(8.1
)
Provision for bad debts and inventory
9.5

 
4.5

Change in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Decrease/(increase) in trade receivables
44.6

 
21.8

Decrease/(increase) in inventories
(29.9
)
 
(27.0
)
Increase/(decrease) in accounts payable
(14.0
)
 
(25.3
)
Other accrued liabilities and operating items, net
(62.6
)
 
22.7

Net cash provided by/(used in) operating activities from continuing operations
94.5

 
95.2

Net cash provided by/(used in) operating activities from discontinued operations
0.2

 
(1.9
)
Net cash provided by/(used in) operating activities
94.7

 
93.3

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Acquisition of property and equipment and other productive assets
(108.7
)
 
(62.0
)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment

 
0.8

Payment for acquisitions, net
(131.6
)
 
(53.5
)
Net cash provided by/(used in) investing activities from continuing operations
(240.3
)
 
(114.7
)
Net cash provided by/(used in) investing activities from discontinued operations

 
4.0

Net cash provided by/(used in) investing activities
(240.3
)
 
(110.7
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Net change in short-term borrowings
4.8

 
(17.2
)
Proceeds from borrowing, net
150.4

 
0.7

Payments related to long-term obligations
(874.8
)
 
(20.0
)
Reclassification of call premium payments and financing fees paid
(12.6
)
 

Equity contribution/(redemption)
948.8

 
0.2

Cash paid, in lieu of equity, for tax withholding obligations
(7.6
)
 

Net cash (used in)/provided by financing activities from continuing operations
209.0

 
(36.3
)
Net cash (used in)/provided by financing activities from discontinued operations

 

Net cash (used in)/provided by financing activities
209.0

 
(36.3
)
Effect of foreign currency on cash
(21.7
)
 
3.0

NET INCREASE/(DECREASE) IN CASH AND EQUIVALENTS
41.7

 
(50.7
)
CASH AND EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD
74.4

 
106.4

CASH AND EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD
$
116.1

 
$
55.7

SUPPLEMENTARY CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
 
 
 
Interest paid
$
86.5

 
$
102.6

Income taxes paid, net
$
23.7

 
$
13.5


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

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Catalent, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

 
1.
BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Business
Catalent, Inc. (“Catalent” or the “Company”) directly and wholly owns PTS Intermediate Holdings LLC (“Intermediate Holdings”). Intermediate Holdings directly and wholly owns Catalent Pharma Solutions, Inc. (“Operating Company”). The financial results of Catalent are solely comprised of the financial results of Operating Company and its subsidiaries on a consolidated basis.
In July 2014, the Company’s board of directors and holders of the requisite number of outstanding shares of its capital stock approved an amendment to the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation to effect a 70-for-1 stock split of its outstanding common stock (the “stock split”). The stock split became effective on July 17, 2014 upon the filing of the Company’s Certificate of Amendment of the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation with the Delaware Secretary of State. On the effective date of the stock split, (i) each outstanding share of common stock was increased to seventy shares of common stock, (ii) the number of shares of common stock issuable under each outstanding option to purchase common stock was proportionately increased on a one-to-seventy basis, (iii) the exercise price of each outstanding option to purchase common stock was proportionately decreased on a one-to-seventy basis, and (iv) the number of shares underlying each restricted stock unit was proportionately increased on a one-to-seventy basis. All of the share and per share information referenced throughout the financial statements and notes to the financial statements have been retroactively adjusted to reflect this stock split.
On July 31, 2014, the Company commenced an initial public offering of its common stock (the “IPO”). As part of its IPO, the Company sold a total of 48.9 million shares at a price of $20.50 per share, before underwriting discounts and commissions. Net of these discounts and commissions and other offering expenses, the Company obtained total proceeds from the IPO, including the underwriters’ over-allotment option, of $952.2 million, which it used to redeem the outstanding Senior Subordinated Notes, redeem the outstanding Senior Notes, repay portions of the Company’s unsecured term loan, and pay to Blackstone and certain other shareholders an advisory agreement termination fee of $29.8 million (recorded within other income/(expense), net on the Consolidated Statement of Operations), and for other corporate purposes. The Company’s common stock began trading on the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) under the symbol “CTLT” as of the IPO. Refer to Note 5 for further discussion regarding debt repayments.
On March 9, 2015, Blackstone, Genstar Capital and Aisling Capital (the "selling stockholders") completed a secondary offering of 27.3 million shares of the Company's common stock, including 3.6 million shares sold pursuant to the over-allotment option granted to the underwriters at a price of $29.50 per share. The Company did not sell any stock in this transaction and did not receive any proceeds from the sale of the shares by the selling stockholders. Concurrent with the secondary offering, Blackstone's ownership was reduced to 32.7% and as a result the Company no longer qualifies as a "controlled company" under applicable NYSE listing standards.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("GAAP") for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the nine months ended March 31, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending June 30, 2015. The consolidated balance sheet at June 30, 2014 has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2014 filed with the SEC.

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Noncontrolling interest is included within the equity section in the consolidated balance sheets. Redeemable noncontrolling interest has been classified as temporary equity and is therefore reported outside of permanent equity on the consolidated balance sheets at the greater of the initial carrying amount adjusted for the noncontrolling interest's share of net earnings/(loss) or its redemption value. The Company presents the amount of consolidated net earnings/(loss) that is attributable to Catalent and the noncontrolling interest in the consolidated statements of operations. Furthermore, the Company discloses the amount of comprehensive income that is attributable to Catalent and the noncontrolling interest in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income/(loss).
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Such estimates include, but are not limited to, allowance for doubtful accounts, inventory and long-lived asset valuation, goodwill and other intangible asset valuation and impairment, equity-based compensation, income taxes, derivative financial instruments and pension plan asset and liability valuation. Actual amounts may differ from these estimated amounts.
Foreign Currency Translation

The financial statements of the Company’s operations outside the U.S. are generally measured using the local currency as the functional currency. Adjustments to translate the assets and liabilities of these foreign operations into U.S. dollars are accumulated as a component of other comprehensive income/(loss) utilizing period-end exchange rates. The currency fluctuations related to certain long-term inter-company loans deemed to not be repayable in the foreseeable future have been recorded within cumulative translation adjustment, a component of other comprehensive income/(loss). In addition, the currency fluctuation associated with the portion of the Company’s euro-denominated debt designated as a net investment hedge is included as a component of other comprehensive income/(loss). Foreign currency transaction gains and losses calculated by utilizing weighted average exchange rates for the period are included in the consolidated statements of operations in the other (income) expense, net line item. Foreign currency translation gains and losses generated from inter-company loans that are long-term in nature, but may be repayable in the foreseeable future, are also recorded within the other (income)/expense, net line item on the consolidated statements of operations.
Revenue Recognition
In accordance with Codification Standard ASC 605 Revenue Recognition, the Company recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, product delivery has occurred or the services have been rendered, the price is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured. In cases where the Company has multiple contracts with the same customer, the Company evaluates those contracts to assess if the contracts are linked or are separate arrangements. Factors the Company considers include the timing of negotiation, interdependency with other contracts or elements and payment terms. The Company and its customers generally view each contract discussion as a separate arrangement.
Manufacturing and packaging service revenue is recognized upon delivery of the product in accordance with the terms of the contract, which specify when transfer of title and risk of loss occurs. Some of the Company’s manufacturing contracts with its customers have annual minimum purchase requirements. At the end of the contract year, revenue is recognized for the unfilled purchase obligation in accordance with the contract terms. Development service contracts generally take the form of a fee-for-service arrangement. After the Company has evidence of an arrangement, the price is determinable and there is a reasonable expectation regarding payment, the Company recognizes revenue at the point in time the service obligation is completed and accepted by the customer. Examples of output measures include a formulation report, analytical and stability testing, clinical batch production or packaging and the storage and distribution of a customer’s clinical trial material. Development service revenue is primarily driven by the Company’s Development and Clinical Services segment.
Arrangements containing multiple elements, including service arrangements, are accounted for in accordance with the provisions of ASC 605-25 Revenue Recognition: Multiple-Element Arrangements. The Company determines the separate units of account in accordance with ASC 605-25. If the deliverable meets the criteria of a separate unit of accounting, the arrangement consideration is allocated to each element based upon its relative selling price. In determining the best evidence of selling price of a unit of account the Company utilizes vendor-specific objective evidence (“VSOE”), which is the price the Company charges when the deliverable is sold separately. When VSOE is not available, management uses relevant third-party evidence (“TPE”) of selling price, if available. When neither VSOE nor TPE of selling price exists, management uses its best estimate of selling price.

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Goodwill
The Company accounts for purchased goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite lives in accordance with ASC 350 Goodwill, Intangible and Other Assets. Under ASC 350, goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite lives are not amortized, but instead are tested for impairment at least annually. The Company's annual goodwill impairment test was conducted as of April 1, 2014. The Company assesses goodwill for possible impairment by comparing the carrying value of its reporting units to their fair values. The Company determines the fair value of its reporting units utilizing estimated future discounted cash flows and incorporates assumptions that it believes marketplace participants would utilize. In addition, the Company uses comparative market information and other factors to corroborate the discounted cash flow results.
Property and Equipment and Other Definite Lived Intangible Assets
Property and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation expense is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, including capital lease assets that are amortized over the shorter of their useful lives or the terms of the respective leases. The Company generally uses the following ranges of useful lives for its property and equipment categories: buildings and improvements - 5 to 50 years; machinery and equipment - 3 to 10 years; and furniture and fixtures - 3 to 7 years. Depreciation expense was $22.6 million and $69.9 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2015, respectively, and $24.2 million and $77.2 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2014, respectively. Depreciation expense includes amortization of assets related to capital leases. The Company charges repairs and maintenance costs to expense as incurred. The amount of capitalized interest was immaterial for all periods presented.
Intangible assets with finite lives, primarily including customer relationships and patents and trademarks continue to be amortized over their useful lives. The Company evaluates the recoverability of its other long-lived assets, including amortizing intangible assets, if circumstances indicate impairment may have occurred pursuant to ASC 360 Property, Plant and Equipment. This analysis is performed by comparing the respective carrying values of the assets to the current and expected future cash flows, on an un-discounted basis, to be generated from such assets. If such analysis indicates that the carrying value of these assets is not recoverable, the carrying value of such assets is reduced to fair value through a charge to the consolidated statements of operations. Fair value is determined based on assumptions the Company believes marketplace participants would utilize and comparable marketplace information in similar arm's length transactions. The Company recorded an impairment charge of $0.3 million and $3.8 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2015, respectively. The Company recorded an impairment charge of $0.4 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2014.
Research and Development Costs
The Company expenses research and development costs as incurred. Costs incurred in connection with the development of new offerings and manufacturing process improvements are recorded within selling, general and administrative expenses. Such research and development costs included in selling, general and administrative expenses amounted to $2.7 million and $8.4 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2015, respectively, and $4.4 million and $12.3 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2014, respectively. Costs incurred in connection with research and development services the Company provides to customers and services performed in support of the commercial manufacturing process for customers are recorded within cost of sales. Such research and development costs included in cost of sales amounted to $10.7 million and $30.0 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2015, respectively, and $8.8 million and $24.6 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2014, respectively.
Earnings / (Loss) Per Share
The Company reports net earnings/(loss) per share pursuant to ASC 260 Earnings per Share. Under ASC 260, basic earnings per share, which excludes dilution, is computed by dividing net earnings or loss available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted earnings per share reflects the potential dilution of securities that could be exercised or converted into common shares, and is computed by dividing net earnings or loss available to common stockholders by the weighted average of common shares outstanding plus the dilutive potential common shares. Diluted earnings per share includes in-the-money stock options, restricted stock units, and restricted stock using the treasury stock method. During a loss period, the assumed exercise of in-the-money stock options has an anti-dilutive effect and therefore, these instruments are excluded from the computation of dilutive earnings per share.

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Equity-Based Compensation
The Company accounts for its equity-based compensation awards pursuant to ASC 718 Compensation-Stock Compensation. ASC 718 requires companies to recognize compensation expense using a fair value based method for costs related to share-based payments including stock options and restricted stock units. The expense is measured based on the grant date fair value of the awards that are expected to vest, and the expense is recorded over the applicable requisite service period. In the absence of an observable market price for a share-based award, the fair value is based upon a valuation methodology that takes into consideration various factors, including the exercise price of the award, the expected term of the award, the current price of the underlying shares, the expected volatility of the underlying share price based on peer companies, the expected dividends on the underlying shares and the risk-free interest rate.

The terms of the Company’s equity-based compensation plans permit shares that are issued upon an employee's exercise of an option to be withheld through a net settlement transaction as a means of meeting tax withholding requirements.   
Recent Financial Accounting Standards

In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers.  The new standard will supersede nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance.  The standard’s core principle is that a company will recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In doing so, the standard creates a five-step model that requires a company to exercise judgment when considering the terms of the contracts and all relevant facts and circumstances.  The five steps require a company to identify customer contracts, identify the separate performance obligations, determine the transaction price, allocate the transaction price to the separate performance obligations and recognize revenue when each performance obligation is satisfied. On April 1, 2015, the FASB proposed a one year deferral for the effective date whereby the standard would be effective for public entities for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2017.  The standard allows for either full retrospective adoption, where the standard is applied to all periods presented, or modified retrospective adoption where the standard is applied only to the most current period presented in the financial statements.  Currently, early adoption is not permitted.  Catalent is currently evaluating the impact of this standard on the Company's consolidated results of operations and financial position.

In April 2015, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2015-03, Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. The new standard requires that debt issuance costs be presented in the balance sheet as a direct reduction from the carrying value of the associated debt liability, consistent with the presentation of a debt discount. The standard is effective for public entities for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued. The new guidance will be applied on a retrospective basis. Catalent is currently evaluating the impact of this standard on the Company's consolidated results of operations and financial position.
2.
BUSINESS COMBINATIONS
During the nine months ended March 31, 2015, the Company completed acquisitions which were immaterial, individually and in the aggregate, to the overall consolidated financial position and results of operations of the Company. Notably, in October 2014, the Company acquired the remaining shares of Redwood Bioscience Inc. and its SMARTag Antibody-Drug Conjugate (ADC) technology platform.  The acquired business is based in the U.S. and is included in the Medication Delivery Solutions segment.  Additionally, in November 2014, the Company acquired 100% of the shares of MTI Pharma Solutions, Inc. (Micron Technologies), a company specializing in particle size reduction (micronization), milling and analytical contract services. The acquired business is based in the U.S. and the U.K and is included in the Development and Clinical Services segment.

The Company's consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2015 includes a preliminary fair value allocation for these acquisitions as the Company is in the process of finalizing the valuation of the individual assets acquired and liabilities assumed. The preliminary fair value allocation was based on the best estimate by management. The fair value allocation is expected to be completed upon finalization of an independent appraisal over the next several months, but no later than one year from the acquisition dates. Aggregate purchase consideration for both acquisitions totaled $110.8 million. As a result of the preliminary fair value allocation, the Company recognized intangible assets of $60 million; which was comprised of $38 million of Customer Relationships and $22 million of Core Technology. The remainder of fair value was allocated to tangible assets acquired and goodwill.

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3.
GOODWILL
The following table summarizes the changes between June 30, 2014 and March 31, 2015 in the carrying amount of goodwill in total and by reporting segment:
 
(Dollars in millions)
Oral
Technologies
 
Medication
Delivery
Solutions
 
Development
& Clinical
Services
 
Total
Balance at June 30, 2014 (1)
$
891.8

 
$

 
$
205.3

 
$
1,097.1

Additions/(impairments) (2)
2.4

 
19.9

 
41.9

 
64.2

Foreign currency translation adjustments
(97.8
)
 

 
(23.6
)
 
(121.4
)
Balance at March 31, 2015
$
796.4

 
$
19.9

 
$
223.6

 
$
1,039.9


(1)
The opening balance is reflective of historical impairment charges related to the Medication Delivery Solutions segment of approximately $158.0 million.
(2)
Acquired goodwill of $64.2 million was primarily generated from acquisitions in the Development and Clinical Services and Medication Delivery Solutions segments.
No goodwill impairment charges were required during the current or comparable prior year period. When required, impairment charges are recorded within the consolidated statements of operations as impairment charges and (gain)/loss on sale of assets.
4.
DEFINITE LIVED LONG-LIVED ASSETS
The Company’s definite lived long-lived assets include property, plant and equipment as well as other intangible assets with definite lives. Refer to Note 17 for details related to property, plant and equipment.
The details of other intangible assets subject to amortization as of March 31, 2015 and June 30, 2014, are as follows:
(Dollars in millions)
Weighted Average Life
 
Gross
Carrying
Value
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Carrying
Value
March 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortized intangibles:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Core technology
18 years
 
$
175.1

 
$
(53.6
)
 
$
121.5

Customer relationships
14 years
 
253.1

 
(75.1
)
 
178.0

Product relationships
12 years
 
217.1

 
(143.0
)
 
74.1

Total intangible assets
 
 
$
645.3

 
$
(271.7
)
 
$
373.6

 
(Dollars in millions)
Weighted Average Life
 
Gross
Carrying
Value
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Carrying
Value
June 30, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortized intangibles:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Core technology
20 years
 
$
150.2

 
$
(53.3
)
 
$
96.9

Customer relationships
14 years
 
234.6

 
(68.0
)
 
166.6

Product relationships
12 years
 
237.6

 
(143.5
)
 
94.1

Total intangible assets
 
 
$
622.4

 
$
(264.8
)
 
$
357.6

Amortization expense was $11.8 million and $34.7 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2015, respectively, and $10.9 million and $31.7 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2014, respectively. Future amortization expense for the next five years is estimated to be:
(Dollars in millions)
Remainder 
 Fiscal 2015
 
2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
2019
 
2020
Amortization expense
$
11.5

 
$
46.0

 
$
45.4

 
$
45.2

 
$
40.0

 
$
25.7


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The Company recorded impairment charges of $0.3 million and $3.8 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2015, respectively. The Company recorded impairment charges of $0.4 million and $0.4 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2014, repectively.
5.
LONG-TERM OBLIGATIONS AND OTHER SHORT-TERM BORROWINGS
Long-term obligations and other short-term borrowings consist of the following at March 31, 2015 and June 30, 2014:
(Dollars in millions)
Maturity
 
March 31, 
 2015
 
June 30, 
 2014
Senior Secured Credit Facilities
 
 
 
 
 
Term loan facility dollar-denominated
May 2021
 
$
1,474.2

 
$
1,383.9

       Term loan facility euro-denominated
May 2021
 
347.7

 
338.6

9 3/4 % Senior Subordinated euro-denominated Notes
April 2017
 

 
293.9

7 7/8 % Senior Notes
October 2018
 

 
348.7

Senior Unsecured Term Loan Facility
December 2017
 

 
274.3

$200.0 million Revolving Credit Facility
May 2019
 

 

Capital lease obligations
2015 to 2032
 
55.2

 
64.0

Other obligations
2015 to 2018
 
4.7

 
7.2

Total
 
 
1,881.8

 
2,710.6

Less: Current portion of long-term obligations and other short-term borrowings
 
 
24.8

 
25.2

Long-term obligations, less current portion
 
 
$
1,857.0

 
$
2,685.4


Redemption of Notes and Unsecured Term Loan Prepayment
On July 29, 2014, the Company provided notice of its election to redeem the entire $350.0 million aggregate principal amount outstanding of the Senior Notes. The Senior Notes were redeemed on August 28, 2014 at a redemption price of 101.5% of their principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest. The redemption was funded with proceeds from the IPO. In connection with the redemption the Company recorded $5.3 million in expense related to the call premium and expensed $5.9 million of unamortized debt discount and deferred financing costs, both in other (income) / expense, net in the consolidated statements of operations.
On August 5, 2014, the Company provided notice of its election to redeem the entire €225.0 million aggregate principal amount outstanding of the Senior Subordinated Notes. The Senior Subordinated Notes were redeemed on September 4, 2014 at a redemption price of 101.625% of their principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest. The redemption was funded with proceeds from the IPO. In connection with the redemption the Company recorded $4.5 million in expense related to the call premium and expensed $4.0 million of unamortized debt discount and deferred financing costs, both in other (income) / expense, net in the consolidated statements of operations.
On August 6, 2014, the Company paid $114.5 million of the outstanding borrowings under the unsecured term loans with proceeds from the IPO. On September 12, 2014, the Company repaid $120.0 million of the outstanding borrowings under the unsecured term loans with proceeds from the additional shares purchased by the representatives of the underwriters in connection with the IPO. In connection with the debt payments, the Company expensed $0.9 million of unamortized debt discount and deferred financing costs in other (income) / expense, net in the consolidated statements of operations.
On December 1, 2014, the Company entered into Amendment No. 1 to the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (as amended, the "Credit Agreement") to provide additional senior secured financing of incremental Dollar and Euro denominated term loan facilities of $100 million and €72.8 million ($91 million), respectively. The incremental term loans have substantially similar terms as Catalent's existing term loan facilities. The proceeds of the borrowing were primarily used to pay the remaining $40.5 million outstanding on the unsecured term loans, fund acquisitions completed in the second quarter of $111.6 million and general corporate purposes. The Company incurred approximately $2.8 million in financing costs, of which $1.2 million was recorded in other (income) / expense, net in the consolidated statement of operations.



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Debt Covenants
The Credit Agreement contains a number of covenants that, among other things, restrict, subject to certain exceptions, the Company’s (and the Company’s restricted subsidiaries’) ability to incur additional indebtedness or issue certain preferred shares; create liens on assets; engage in mergers and consolidations; sell assets; pay dividends and distributions or repurchase capital stock; repay subordinated indebtedness; engage in certain transactions with affiliates; make investments, loans or advances; make certain acquisitions; enter into sale and leaseback transactions, amend material agreements governing the Company’s subordinated indebtedness and change the Company’s lines of business.
The Credit Agreement also contains change of control provisions and certain customary affirmative covenants and events of default. The revolving credit facility requires compliance with a net leverage covenant when there is a 30% or more draw outstanding at a period end. As of March 31, 2015, the Company was in compliance with all material covenants related to its long-term obligations.
Fair Value of Debt Measurements
The estimated fair value of the long-term debt, which is considered a Level 2 liability, is based on the quoted market prices for the same or similar issues or on the current rates offered for debt of the same remaining maturities and considers collateral, if any. The carrying amounts and the estimated fair values of financial instruments as of March 31, 2015 and June 30, 2014 are as follows:
 
March 31, 2015
 
June 30, 2014
(Dollars in millions)
Carrying
Value
 
Estimated Fair
Value
 
Carrying
Value
 
Estimated Fair
Value
Long-term debt and other
$
1,881.8

 
$
1,896.7

 
$
2,710.6

 
$
2,680.2



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6.
EARNINGS PER SHARE
The reconciliations between basic and diluted earnings per share attributable to Catalent common shareholders for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 are as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended  
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended  
 March 31,
(Dollars in millions, except per share data)
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Earnings / (loss) from continuing operations less net income / (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest
$
31.5

 
$
8.4

 
$
58.3

 
$
(8.3
)
Earnings / (loss) from discontinued operations

 
(1.7
)
 
0.2

 
(2.7
)
Net earnings / (loss) attributable to Catalent
$
31.5

 
$
6.7

 
$
58.5

 
$
(11.0
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding
124,233,579

 
75,047,912

 
117,911,396

 
75,033,964

Dilutive securities issuable-stock plans
2,031,052

 
1,058,671

 
1,756,247

 

Total weighted average diluted shares outstanding
126,264,631

 
76,106,583

 
119,667,643

 
75,033,964

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share of common stock:
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
Earnings / (loss) from continuing operations
$
0.25

 
$
0.11

 
$
0.50

 
$
(0.11
)
Earnings / (loss) from discontinued operations

 
(0.02
)
 

 
(0.04
)
Net earnings / (loss) attributable to Catalent
$
0.25

 
$
0.09

 
$
0.50

 
$
(0.15
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per share of common stock-assuming dilution:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings / (loss) from continuing operations
$
0.25

 
$
0.11

 
$
0.49

 
$
(0.11
)
Earnings / (loss) from discontinued operations

 
(0.02
)
 

 
(0.04
)
Net earnings / (loss) attributable to Catalent
$
0.25

 
$
0.09

 
$
0.49

 
$
(0.15
)
The computation of diluted earnings per share for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2015 excludes the effect of 2.1 million shares and 2.1 million shares, respectively, potentially issuable pursuant to awards granted under the 2007 Stock Incentive Plan and the 2014 Omnibus Incentive Plan, because the vesting provisions of those awards had not been met as of the period end.
The computation of diluted earnings per share for the three months ended March 31, 2014 excludes the effect of 2.3 million shares potentially issuable pursuant to awards granted under the 2007 Stock Incentive Plan because the vesting provisions of those awards specify performance or market-based conditions that had not been met as of the period end. The computation of diluted earnings per share for the nine months ended March 31, 2014 excludes the maximum effect of the potential common shares issuable under the 2007 Stock Incentive Plan of approximately 6.4 million shares, and excludes restricted share awards of 0.3 million shares, because the Company had a net loss for the period and the effect would therefore be anti-dilutive.
7.
DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS AND HEDGING ACTIVITIES
Risk Management Objective of Using Derivatives
The Company is exposed to fluctuations in the applicable exchange rate on its investments in foreign operations. While the Company does not actively hedge against changes in foreign currency, the Company has mitigated the exposure of its investments in its European operations by denominating a portion of its debt in euros. At March 31, 2015, the Company had euro-denominated debt outstanding of $347.7 million that qualifies as a hedge of a net investment in foreign operations. For non-derivatives designated and qualifying as net investment hedges, the effective portion of the translation gains or losses are reported in accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) as part of the cumulative translation adjustment. The ineffective portions of the translation gains or losses are reported in the statement of operations. The following table includes net investment hedge activity during the three and nine months ended March 31, 2015 and March 31, 2014:

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Table of Contents


 
Three Months Ended  
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended  
 March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Unrealized foreign exchange gain/(loss) within other comprehensive income
$
18.9

 
$
(2.7
)
 
$
34.1

 
$
(18.1
)
Unrealized foreign exchange gain/(loss) within statement of operations
$
21.7

 
$
(1.3
)
 
$
52.5

 
$
(11.6
)
The net accumulated gain of this net investment as of March 31, 2015 within other comprehensive income/(loss) was approximately $83.5 million. Amounts are reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) into earnings when the entity to which the gains and losses reside is either sold or substantially liquidated.
8.
INCOME TAXES
    
The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with the provision of ASC 740 Income Taxes. Generally, fluctuations in the effective tax rate are primarily due to changes in U.S. and non-U.S. pretax income resulting from the Company’s business mix and changes in the tax impact of special items and other discrete tax items, which may have unique tax implications depending on the nature of the item. Such discrete items include, but are not limited to, changes in foreign statutory tax rates, the amortization of certain assets, changes in valuation allowance resulting from acquisition accounting and the tax impact of changes in its ASC 740 unrecognized tax benefit reserves. In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to examination by taxing authorities around the world, including such major jurisdictions as the United States, Germany, France, and the United Kingdom. The Company is no longer subject to non-U.S. income tax examinations for years prior to 2005. Under the terms of the purchase agreement related to the 2007 acquisition, the Company is indemnified by its former owner for tax liabilities that may arise in the future that relate to tax periods prior to April 10, 2007. The indemnification agreement includes, among other taxes, any and all federal, state and international income-based taxes as well as related interest and penalties. As of March 31, 2015 and June 30, 2014, approximately $2.1 million and $2.4 million, respectively, of unrecognized tax benefit is subject to indemnification by the Company's former owner.

ASC 740 includes guidance on the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in the financial statements. This standard also provides that a tax benefit from an uncertain tax position may be recognized when it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained upon examination, including resolutions of any related appeal or litigation process, based on the technical merits. As of March 31, 2015, the Company had a total of $54.6 million of unrecognized tax benefits. A reconciliation of its reserves for uncertain tax positions, excluding accrued interest and penalties, for March 31, 2015 is as follows:
(Dollars in millions)
 
Balance at June 30, 2014
$
60.6

Additions for tax positions of prior years
3.4

Reductions for tax positions of prior years
(9.4
)
Balance at March 31, 2015
$
54.6

As of March 31, 2015 and June 30, 2014, the Company had a total of $59.8 million and $65.7 million, respectively, of uncertain tax positions (including accrued interest and penalties). As of these dates, $41.1 million and $41.4 million, respectively, represent the amount of unrecognized tax benefits, which, if recognized, would favorably affect the effective income tax rate. The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions as a component of income tax expense. As of March 31, 2015 and June 30, 2014, the Company has approximately $5.2 million and $5.1 million, respectively, of accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions. As of these dates, the portion of such interest and penalties subject to indemnification by its former owner is $2.1 million and $2.0 million, respectively.

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Table of Contents

9.
EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT BENEFIT PLANS
Components of the Company’s net periodic benefit costs are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended  
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended  
 March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Components of net periodic benefit cost:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
0.6

 
$
0.7

 
$
2.1

 
$
2.1

Interest cost
2.8

 
3.1

 
8.8

 
9.2

Expected return on plan assets
(2.6
)
 
(2.7
)
 
(8.0
)
 
(7.8
)
Amortization (1)
0.3

 
0.3

 
1.2

 
0.9

Net amount recognized
$
1.1

 
$
1.4

 
$
4.1

 
$
4.4

(1)
Amount represents the amortization of unrecognized actuarial gains/(losses).
The Company recorded obligations related to its withdrawal from a multi-employer pension plan related to a former commercial packaging site, a clinical services site and a former printed components operation. The estimated discounted value of the projected contributions related to these plans is $39.5 million as of March 31, 2015 and $39.6 million as of June 30, 2014. The annual cash impact associated with the Company's long-term obligation approximates $1.7 million per year. Refer to Note 15 for further discussion.
10.
RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
Advisor Transaction and Management Fees
Prior to the IPO, the Company was party to a transaction and advisory fee agreement with affiliates of Blackstone and certain other investors in BHP PTS Holdings L.L.C. (the “Investors”), pursuant to which the Company historically paid an annual sponsor advisory fee to Blackstone and the Investors for certain monitoring, advisory and consulting services to the Company. In connection with the IPO, the Company paid the Investors an advisory agreement termination fee of $29.8 million in August 2014, which was recorded within other (income)/expense, net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations, and terminated the agreement. As a result, the Company did not have management fees for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2015. For the three and nine months ended March 31, 2014, this management fee was approximately $3.3 million and $9.7 million, respectively. This fee was recorded as expense within selling, general and administrative expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
11.
EQUITY AND ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME/(LOSS)
Description of Capital Stock and Initial Public Offering
The Company is authorized to issue 1,000,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, and 100,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share. In accordance with the Company's amended and restated certificate of incorporation, each share of common stock has one vote, and the common stock votes together as a single class. In July 2014, the Company’s board of directors and holders of the requisite number of outstanding shares of its capital stock have approved an amendment to the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation to effect a 70-for-1 stock split. The stock split became effective on July 17, 2014 upon the filing with the Delaware Secretary of State of an amendment to the Company's amended and restated certificate of incorporation. Refer to Note 1 for further discussion of the Company's July 2014 recapitalization and discussion of the Company's public offerings of common stock.

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Table of Contents


Accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss)
The components of the changes in the cumulative translation adjustment and minimum pension liability for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2015 and March 31, 2014 are presented below.
 
Three Months Ended  
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended  
 March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Foreign currency translation adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net investment hedge
$
18.9

 
$
(2.7
)
 
$
34.1

 
$
(18.1
)
Long term intercompany loans
(5.7
)
 
2.4

 
(29.1
)
 
20.7

Translation adjustments
(65.3
)
 
6.2

 
(170.9
)
 
13.5

Total foreign currency translation adjustment, pre tax
(52.1
)
 
5.9

 
(165.9
)
 
16.1

Tax expense/(benefit)
(1.3
)
 

 
(1.5
)
 

Total foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax
$
(50.8
)
 
$
5.9

 
$
(164.4
)
 
$
16.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net change in minimum pension liability
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net gain/(loss) recognized during the period
1.1

 
0.3

 
2.0

 
1.0

Total pension, pretax
1.1

 
0.3

 
2.0

 
1.0

Tax expense/(benefit)
(0.3
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.5
)
 
(0.4
)
Net change in minimum pension liability, net of tax
$
0.8

 
$
0.2

 
$
1.5

 
$
0.6

Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income/(Loss) by Component
For the three months ended March 31, 2015 the changes in accumulated other comprehensive income net of tax by component are as follows:
(Dollars in millions)
Foreign Exchange Translation Adjustments
 
Pension and Other Post-Retirement Adjustments
 
Deferred Compensation
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2014
$
(99.6
)
 
$
(40.7
)
 
$
3.4

 
$
(136.9
)
Other comprehensive income/(loss) before reclassifications
(50.8
)
 

 
0.3

 
(50.5
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income

 
0.8

 

 
0.8

Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)
(50.8
)
 
0.8

 
0.3

 
(49.7
)
Balance at March 31, 2015
$
(150.4
)
 
$
(39.9
)
 
$
3.7

 
$
(186.6
)
For the nine months ended March 31, 2015 the changes in accumulated other comprehensive income net of tax by component are as follows:
(Dollars in millions)
Foreign Exchange Translation Adjustments
 
Pension and Other Post-Retirement Adjustments
 
Deferred Compensation
 
Total
Balance at June 30, 2014
$
14.0

 
$
(41.4
)
 
$
3.2

 
$
(24.2
)
Other comprehensive income/(loss) before reclassifications
(164.4
)
 

 
0.5

 
(163.9
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income

 
1.5

 

 
1.5

Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)
(164.4
)
 
1.5

 
0.5

 
(162.4
)
Balance at March 31, 2015
$
(150.4
)
 
$
(39.9
)
 
$
3.7

 
$
(186.6
)

20

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12.
EQUITY-BASED COMPENSATION
2007 Stock Incentive Plan
The Company’s stock-based compensation is comprised of stock options and restricted stock units. Awards issued under the 2007 PTS Holdings Corp. Stock Incentive Plan, as amended (the “2007 Plan”) were generally issued for the purpose of retaining key employees and directors. The Company adopted two forms of non-qualified stock option agreements (the “Form Option Agreement”) for awards granted under the 2007 Plan. Under the Company's Form Option Agreement adopted in 2009, a portion of the stock option awards vest in equal annual installments over a five-year period contingent solely upon the participant’s continued employment with the Company, or one of its subsidiaries, another portion of the stock option awards vest over a specified performance period upon achievement of pre-determined operating performance targets over time and the remaining portion of the stock option awards vest upon realization of certain internal rates of return or multiple of investment goals. Under the Company's other Form Option Agreement, adopted in 2013, a portion of the stock option awards vest over a specified performance period upon achievement of pre-determined operating performance targets over time while the other portion of the stock option awards vest upon realization of a specified multiple of investment goal. The Form Option Agreements include certain forfeiture provisions upon a participant’s separation from service with the Company. Following the IPO, the Company decided not to grant any further awards under the 2007 Plan; however, all outstanding awards granted prior to the IPO remained outstanding in accordance with the terms of the 2007 Plan.
2014 Omnibus Incentive Plan
In connection with the IPO, the Company's Board of Directors adopted the 2014 Omnibus Incentive Plan effective July 30, 2014. The 2014 Plan provides certain members of management, employees and directors of the Company and its subsidiaries with the opportunity to obtain various incentives, including grants of stock options and restricted stock units. A maximum of 6,700,000 shares of common stock may be issued under this plan.
Restricted stock units under the 2014 Plan may be granted to members of management and directors. At the IPO, the Company granted to members of management restricted stock units that had certain performance-related vesting requirements ("performance stock units"). These performance stock units had a grant date fair value of $14.7 million, which represents approximately 692,000 shares of common stock. Under the 2014 Plan, the performance share units vest based on achieving Company financial performance metrics established at the outset of each three-year performance period. The metrics are a mix of cumulative revenue growth and cumulative EBITDA growth targets. The performance share units vest following the end of the three-year performance period based on achievement of the targets. The restricted stock awards vest on the third anniversary of the date of grant subject to the participant's continued employment with the Company.
Stock options were also granted as part of the IPO under the 2014 Plan for selected executives of the Company with an aggregate intrinsic value of $2.3 million, which represents approximately 509,000 shares of common stock. Each stock option vests in equal annual installments over a four-year period from the date of grant, contingent solely upon the participant's continued employment with the Company.
The Company recognized equity-based compensation expense of $2.2 million and $6.4 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2015, respectively, and $1.1 million and $3.4 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2014, respectively.
13.
OTHER (INCOME) / EXPENSE, NET
The components of Other (Income) / Expense, net for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended  
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended  
 March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Other (Income) / Expense, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt extinguishment costs
$

 
$

 
$
21.8

 
$

Gain on acquisition (1)

 

 
(10.2
)
 

Sponsor advisory agreement termination fee (2)

 

 
29.8

 

Foreign currency (gains) and losses
(0.5
)
 
4.5

 
(5.4
)
 
1.5

     Other
1.3

 
0.7

 
2.5

 
1.3

Total Other (Income) / Expense
$
0.8

 
$
5.2

 
$
38.5

 
$
2.8

(1)
Included within Other (income) / expense,net are gains associated with acquisitions completed during the respective periods.  Such income events are non-standard in nature and not reflective of the Company's core operating results. 

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During the nine month period ended March 31, 2015, the Company recorded a gain of $3.2 million on the re-measurement of a cost investment in an entity which became a wholly owned subsidiary as of October 2014 and a $7.0 million bargain purchase gain for an acquisition completed in July 2014.
(2)
The Company paid a sponsor advisory agreement termination fee of $29.8 million in connection with its IPO. Refer to Note 10 for further discussion.

14.
REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTEREST
In July 2013, the Company acquired a 67% controlling interest in a softgel manufacturing facility located in Haining, China. The noncontrolling interest shareholders have the right to jointly sell the remaining 33% interest to Catalent during the 30-day period following the third anniversary of closing for a price based on the greater of (1) an amount that would provide the noncontrolling interest shareholders a return on their investment of a predetermined amount per annum on their pro rata share of the initial valuation or (2) a multiple of the sum of the target's earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization and amortization less net debt for the four quarters immediately preceding such sale. Noncontrolling interest with redemption features, such as the arrangement described above, that are not solely within the Company's control are considered redeemable noncontrolling interests, which is considered temporary equity and is therefore reported outside of permanent equity on the Company's consolidated balance sheet at the greater of the initial carrying amount adjusted for the noncontrolling interest's share of net income/(loss) or its redemption value. As of March 31, 2015, the redemption value of the redeemable noncontrolling interest approximated the carrying value.
15.
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

As previously disclosed with regard to the Company’s participation in a multi-employer pension plan, the Company notified the plan trustees of its withdrawal from such plan in fiscal 2012. The actuarial review process, which is administered by the plan trustees, was completed during the third quarter of fiscal 2015 and the liability the Company has estimated reflects the present value of its expected future long-term obligations. The annual cash impact associated with the Company's long-term obligation approximates $1.7 million per year. Refer to Note 9 for further discussion.

Beginning in November 2006, the Company, along with several pharmaceutical companies, had been named in approximately 380 civil lawsuits filed by individuals allegedly injured by their use of the prescription acne medication Amnesteem®, a branded generic form of isotretinoin, and in some instances of isotretinoin products made and/or sold by other firms as well. All of these lawsuits have been dismissed or settled.
From time to time, the Company may be involved in legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business, including, without limitation, inquiries and claims concerning environmental contamination as well as litigation and allegations in connection with acquisitions, product liability, manufacturing or packaging defects and claims for reimbursement for the cost of lost or damaged active pharmaceutical ingredients, the cost of which could be significant. The Company intends to vigorously defend itself against such other litigation and does not currently believe that the outcome of any such other litigation will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial statements. In addition, the healthcare industry is highly regulated and government agencies continue to scrutinize certain practices affecting government programs and otherwise.
From time to time, the Company receives subpoenas or requests for information from various government agencies, including from state attorneys general and the U.S. Department of Justice relating to the business practices of customers or suppliers. The Company generally responds to such subpoenas and requests in a timely and thorough manner, which responses sometimes require considerable time and effort and can result in considerable costs being incurred. The Company expects to incur costs in future periods in connection with existing and future requests.
16.
SEGMENT INFORMATION
The Company conducts its business within the following operating segments: Softgel Technologies, Modified Release Technologies, Medication Delivery Solutions and Development & Clinical Services. The Softgel Technologies and Modified Release Technologies segments are aggregated into one reportable operating segment – Oral Technologies. The Company evaluates the performance of its segments based on segment earnings before noncontrolling interest, other (income) expense, impairments, restructuring costs, interest expense, income tax (benefit)/expense, and depreciation and amortization (“Segment EBITDA”). EBITDA from continuing operations is consolidated earnings from continuing operations before interest expense, income tax (benefit)/expense, depreciation and amortization and is adjusted for the income or loss attributable to noncontrolling

22

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interest. The Company’s presentation of Segment EBITDA and EBITDA from continuing operations may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies.
The following tables include net revenue and Segment EBITDA during the three and nine months ended March 31, 2015 and March 31, 2014:
 
Three Months Ended  
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended  
 March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Oral Technologies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenue
$
284.0

 
$
287.3

 
$
822.3

 
$
832.0

Segment EBITDA
81.7

 
76.2

 
214.1

 
211.2

Medication Delivery Solutions
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenue
61.2

 
65.4

 
191.8

 
177.2

Segment EBITDA
10.9

 
15.7

 
38.9

 
30.9

Development and Clinical Services
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenue
103.7

 
103.7

 
314.6

 
306.8

Segment EBITDA
23.8

 
23.0

 
67.1

 
57.2

   Inter-segment revenue elimination
(2.3
)
 
(3.3
)
 
(8.0
)
 
(7.9
)
   Unallocated Costs (1)
(16.3
)
 
(24.4
)
 
(81.7
)
 
(52.6
)
Combined Totals:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenue
$
446.6

 
$
453.1

 
$
1,320.7

 
$
1,308.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EBITDA from continuing operations
$
100.1

 
$
90.5

 
$
238.4

 
$
246.7


(1)
Unallocated costs include restructuring and special items, equity-based compensation, impairment charges, certain other corporate directed costs, and other costs that are not allocated to the segments as follows:

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Three Months Ended  
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended  
 March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Impairment charges and gain/(loss) on sale of assets
$
(0.3
)
 
$
(0.4
)
 
$
(3.8
)
 
$
(0.4
)
Equity compensation
$
(2.2
)
 
$
(1.1
)
 
(6.4
)
 
(3.4
)
Restructuring and other special items (2)
(7.7
)
 
(6.1
)
 
(18.8
)
 
(20.9
)
Sponsor advisory fee

 
(3.3
)
 

 
(9.7
)
Noncontrolling interest
0.7

 
0.4

 
1.6

 
0.8

Other income/(expense), net (3)
(0.8
)
 
(5.2
)
 
(38.5
)
 
(2.8
)
Non-allocated corporate costs, net
(6.0
)
 
(8.7
)
 
(15.8
)
 
(16.2
)
Total unallocated costs
$
(16.3
)
 
$
(24.4
)
 
$
(81.7
)
 
$
(52.6
)

(2)
Segment results do not include restructuring and certain acquisition-related costs.
(3)
Amounts primarily relate to the expense associated with the termination of the sponsor advisory services agreement of $29.8 million in connection with the IPO, expenses related to financing transactions of $21.8 million and acquisition-related gains of $10.2 million, all during the current year; and foreign currency translation gains and losses during all periods presented.
Provided below is a reconciliation of earnings/(loss) from continuing operations to EBITDA from continuing operations:
 
Three Months Ended  
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended  
 March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Earnings/(loss) from continuing operations
$
30.8

 
$
8.0

 
$
56.7

 
$
(9.1
)
Depreciation and amortization
34.4

 
35.1

 
104.6

 
108.9

Interest expense, net
23.0

 
40.4

 
82.4

 
122.8

Income tax (benefit)/expense
11.2

 
6.6

 
(6.9
)
 
23.3

Noncontrolling interest
0.7

 
0.4

 
1.6

 
0.8

EBITDA from continuing operations
$
100.1

 
$
90.5

 
$
238.4

 
$
246.7

The following table includes total assets for each segment, as well as reconciling items necessary to total the amounts reported in the Consolidated Financial Statements: 
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 
 2015
 
June 30, 
 2014
Assets
 
 
 
Oral Technologies
$
2,382.9

 
$
2,585.6

Medication Delivery Solutions
308.3

 
292.8

Development and Clinical Services
717.1

 
672.1

Corporate and eliminations
(434.2
)
 
(460.3
)
Total assets
$
2,974.1

 
$
3,090.2


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Table of Contents


17.
SUPPLEMENTAL BALANCE SHEET INFORMATION
Supplementary balance sheet information at March 31, 2015 and June 30, 2014 is detailed in the following tables.
Inventories
Work-in-process and finished goods inventories include raw materials, labor, and overhead. Total inventories consist of the following:
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 
 2015
 
June 30, 
 2014
Raw materials and supplies
$
82.0

 
$
84.1

Work-in-process
28.2

 
23.8

Finished goods
46.0

 
39.8

Total inventories, gross
156.2

 
147.7

Inventory reserve
(14.0
)
 
(12.9
)
Inventories
$
142.2

 
$
134.8

Prepaid expenses and other
Prepaid expenses and other current assets consist of the following:
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 
 2015
 
June 30, 
 2014
Prepaid expenses
$
19.9

 
$
16.6

Spare parts supplies
11.4

 
12.5

Deferred taxes
4.2

 
12.7

Other current assets
27.7

 
32.8

Prepaid expenses and other
$
63.2

 
$
74.6

Property, plant, and equipment, net
Property, plant, and equipment, net consist of the following:
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 
 2015
 
June 30, 
 2014
Land, buildings, and improvements
$
609.9

 
$
619.0

Machinery, equipment, and capitalized software
689.1

 
683.6

Furniture and fixtures
9.4

 
8.1

Construction in progress
101.1

 
110.9

Property, plant, and equipment, at cost
1,409.5

 
1,421.6

Accumulated depreciation
(562.2
)
 
(548.6
)
Property, plant, and equipment, net
$
847.3

 
$
873.0

Other assets
Other assets consist of the following:
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 
 2015
 
June 30, 
 2014
Deferred long term debt financing costs
$
10.0

 
$
19.7

Other
18.2

 
29.0

Total other assets
$
28.2

 
$
48.7


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Table of Contents


Other accrued liabilities
Other accrued liabilities consist of the following:
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 
 2015
 
June 30, 
 2014
Accrued employee-related expenses
$
74.7

 
$
86.7

Restructuring accrual
5.7

 
10.3

Deferred income tax
1.0

 
1.0

Accrued interest
0.3

 
12.2

Deferred revenue and fees
41.7

 
47.1

Accrued income tax
42.9

 
61.5

Other accrued liabilities and expenses
53.4

 
60.9

Other accrued liabilities
$
219.7

 
$
279.7

18.
SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
In the preparation of its consolidated financial statements, the Company completed an evaluation of the impact of subsequent events and determined there was no significant subsequent event requiring disclosure in or adjustment to these financial statements.

26

Table of Contents


ITEM 2.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The Company
    
We are the leading global provider of advanced delivery technologies and development solutions for drugs, biologics and consumer health products. Our oral, injectable and respiratory delivery technologies address the full diversity of the pharmaceutical industry including small molecules, large molecule biologics and consumer health products. Through our extensive capabilities and deep expertise in product development, we help our customers take products to market faster, including nearly half of new drug products approved by the Food and Drug Administration (the “FDA”) in the last decade. Our advanced delivery technology platforms, broad and deep intellectual property, and proven formulation, manufacturing and regulatory expertise enable our customers to develop more products and better treatments. Across both development and delivery, our commitment to reliably supply our customers’ needs is the foundation for the value we provide; annually, we produce more than 70 billion doses for nearly 7,000 customer products. We believe that through our investments in growth-enabling capacity and capabilities, our ongoing focus on operational and quality excellence, the sales of existing customer products, the introduction of new customer products, our patents and innovation activities, and our entry into new markets, we will continue to benefit from attractive and differentiated margins, and realize the growth potential from these areas.
For financial reporting purposes, we present three distinct financial reporting segments based on criteria established by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("GAAP"): Oral Technologies, Medication Delivery Solutions and Development & Clinical Services. The Oral Technologies segment includes the Softgel Technologies and Modified Release Technologies businesses.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
We prepare our financial statements in accordance with GAAP. These standards require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Such estimates include, but are not limited to, allowance for doubtful accounts, inventory and long-lived asset valuation, goodwill and other intangible asset impairment, income taxes, derivative financial instruments, self-insurance accruals, loss contingencies and restructuring charge reserves. Actual amounts may differ from these estimated amounts.
There was no material change to our critical accounting policies or in the underlying accounting assumptions and estimates from those described in our fiscal year 2014 Annual Report on Form 10-K, other than recently adopted accounting principles, none of which had or are expected to have a material impact.
Key Performance Metrics
Use of EBITDA from continuing operations and Adjusted EBITDA
Management measures operating performance based on consolidated earnings from continuing operations before interest expense, expense/(benefit) for income taxes and depreciation and amortization and is adjusted for the income or loss attributable to noncontrolling interest (“EBITDA from continuing operations”). EBITDA from continuing operations is not defined under GAAP and is not a measure of operating income, operating performance or liquidity presented in accordance with GAAP and is subject to important limitations.
We believe that the presentation of EBITDA from continuing operations enhances an investor’s understanding of our financial performance. We believe this measure is a useful financial metric to assess our operating performance from period to period by excluding certain items that we believe are not representative of our core business and use this measure for business planning purposes. In addition, given the significant investments that we have made in the past in property, plant and equipment, depreciation and amortization expenses represent a meaningful portion of our cost structure. We believe that EBITDA from continuing operations will provide investors with a useful tool for assessing the comparability between periods of our ability to generate cash from operations sufficient to pay taxes, to service debt and to undertake capital expenditures because it eliminates depreciation and amortization expense. We present EBITDA from continuing operations in order to provide supplemental information that we consider relevant for the readers of our consolidated financial statements, and such information is not meant to replace or supersede GAAP measures. Our definition of EBITDA from continuing operations may not be the same as similarly titled measures used by other companies.
In addition, we evaluate the performance of our segments based on segment earnings before noncontrolling interest, other (income)/expense, impairments, restructuring costs, interest expense, income tax expense/(benefit), and depreciation and amortization (“Segment EBITDA”).

27

Table of Contents


Under our Credit Agreement, our ability to engage in certain activities such as incurring certain additional indebtedness, making certain investments and paying certain dividends is tied to ratios based on Adjusted EBITDA (which is defined as “EBITDA” in the indentures and the Credit Agreement). Adjusted EBITDA is based on the definitions in our indentures and the credit agreement, is not defined under GAAP, and is subject to important limitations. We have included the calculations of Adjusted EBITDA for the periods presented. Adjusted EBITDA is the covenant compliance measure used in certain covenants under our Credit Agreement, particularly those governing debt incurrence and restricted payments. Because not all companies use identical calculations, our presentation of Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies.
The most directly comparable GAAP measure to EBITDA from continuing operations and Adjusted EBITDA is earnings/(loss) from continuing operations. Included in this report is a reconciliation of earnings/(loss) from continuing operations to EBITDA from continuing operations and to Adjusted EBITDA.
Use of Constant Currency
As exchange rates are an important factor in understanding period-to-period comparisons, we believe the presentation of results on a constant currency basis in addition to reported results helps improve investors’ ability to understand our operating results and evaluate our performance in comparison to prior periods. Constant currency information compares results between periods as if exchange rates had remained constant period-over-period. We use results on a constant currency basis as one measure to evaluate our performance. In this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we compute constant currency by calculating current-year results using prior-year foreign currency exchange rates. We generally refer to such amounts calculated on a constant currency basis as excluding the impact of foreign exchange. These results should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, results reported in accordance with GAAP. Results on a constant currency basis, as we present them, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies and are not measures of performance presented in accordance with GAAP.
Non-GAAP Measures
Organic revenue growth and segment EBITDA growth are useful measures calculated by the Company to explain the underlying results and trends in the business. Organic revenue growth and segment EBITDA growth are measures used to show current year sales and earnings from existing operations and include joint ventures and revenue from product participation related activities entered into within the year.  Organic revenue growth and segment EBITDA growth exclude the impact of foreign currency, acquisitions of operating or legal entities and divestitures within the year. These measures should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, performance measures reported in accordance with GAAP. These measures, as we present them, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies and are not measures of performance presented in accordance with GAAP.


28

Table of Contents


Results of Operations
Three Months Ended March 31, 2015 compared to the Three Months Ended March 31, 2014

 
Three Months Ended  
 March 31,
 
FX impact (unfavorable) / favorable
 
Constant Currency Increase/(Decrease)
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
 

 
Change $
 
Change %
Net revenue
$
446.6

 
$
453.1

 
$
(43.0
)
 
$
36.5

 
8
 %
Cost of sales
294.4

 
301.4

 
(30.6
)
 
23.6

 
8
 %
Gross margin
152.2

 
151.7

 
(12.4
)
 
12.9

 
9
 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses
80.9

 
87.6

 
(3.8
)
 
(2.9
)
 
(3
)%
Impairment charges and (gain)/loss on sale of assets
0.3

 
0.4

 
(0.1
)
 

 
*

Restructuring and other
5.2

 
3.5

 
(1.3
)
 
3.0

 
86
 %
Operating earnings/(loss)
65.8

 
60.2

 
(7.2
)
 
12.8

 
21
 %
Interest expense, net
23.0

 
40.4

 
(1.1
)
 
(16.3
)
 
(40
)%
Other (income)/expense, net
0.8

 
5.2

 
(4.2
)
 
(0.2
)
 
(4
)%
Earnings/(loss) from continuing operations before income taxes
42.0

 
14.6

 
(1.9
)
 
29.3

 
*

Income tax expense/(benefit)
11.2

 
6.6

 
(0.3
)
 
4.9

 
74
 %
Earnings/(loss) from continuing operations
30.8

 
8.0

 
(1.6
)
 
24.4

 
*

Net earnings/(loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

 
(1.7
)
 

 
1.7

 
*

Net earnings/(loss)
30.8

 
6.3

 
(1.6
)
 
26.1

 
*

Less: Net earnings/(loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest, net of tax
(0.7
)
 
(0.4
)
 

 
(0.3
)
 
75
 %
Net earnings/(loss) attributable to Catalent
$
31.5

 
$
6.7

 
$
(1.6
)
 
$
26.4

 
*

 *Percentage not meaningful
Net Revenue
Net revenue increased $36.5 million, or 8%, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2014, excluding the impact of foreign exchange. The increase in net revenue was driven by increased sales across all three reportable segments, primarily due to increased sales within our Oral Technologies segment and increased demand for our analytical services integrated operations within our Development and Clinical Services segment.
Gross Margin
Gross margin increased $12.9 million, or 9%, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2014, excluding the impact of foreign exchange. The increase in gross margin was primarily due to increased sales and a favorable shift in revenue mix within our modified release technologies business included in our Oral Technologies segment and increased demand for our analytical services integrated operations within our Development and Clinical Services segment. Growth in gross margin was partially offset by an unfavorable shift in revenue mix within our Medication Delivery Solutions segment and from our softgel offerings within our Oral Technologies segment.
Selling, General and Administrative Expense
Selling, general and administrative expense decreased $2.9 million, or 3%, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2014, excluding the impact of foreign exchange. The decrease in selling, general and administrative expense was primarily due to a reduction in expense due to the elimination of the recurring sponsor advisory fee agreement as a result of our IPO during the first quarter of the current fiscal year, partially offset by an increase in non-cash equity compensation of $1.1 million during the quarter.

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Restructuring and Other
Restructuring and other charges of $5.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 increased $3.0 million compared to the three months ended March 31, 2014, excluding the impact of foreign exchange. The three months ended March 31, 2015, included restructuring activities enacted to improve cost efficiency primarily related to employee severance expenses. The prior period charges included restructuring initiatives across several of our operations and site consolidation in the pursuit of synergies related to the acquisition of the clinical trial supplies business of Aptuit, Inc. in 2012 (the "Aptuit acquisition").    
Interest Expense, net
Interest expense, net of $23.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 decreased by $17.4 million, or 43%, compared to the three months ended March 31, 2014, primarily driven by lower levels of outstanding debt as compared to the prior year. The Company redeemed $350 million of Senior Notes and $275 million of Senior Subordinated Notes on August 28, 2014 and September 4, 2014, respectively. In addition, the Company reduced an aggregate of $234.5 million of outstanding borrowings under the unsecured term loan during the first quarter. The funds utilized to reduce our debt level were generated by proceeds from our IPO which was completed during the first quarter of fiscal 2015. The decrease in interest expense, net was partially offset by incremental borrowings of $191 million during the second quarter of fiscal 2015 in support of acquisition initiatives.
Other (Income)/Expense, net
Other expense of $0.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 decreased from $5.2 million in the three months ended March 31, 2014 and was primarily driven by an increase in net gains from foreign exchange translation recorded during the period.
Provision/(Benefit) for Income Taxes
Our provision for income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was $11.2 million relative to earnings from continuing operations before income taxes of $42.0 million. Our provision for income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2014 was $6.6 million relative to earnings from continuing operations before income taxes of $14.6 million. The income tax provision for the current period is not comparable to the same period of the prior year due to changes in pretax income over many jurisdictions and the impact of discrete items. Generally, fluctuations in the effective tax rate are primarily due to changes in our geographic pretax income resulting from our business mix and changes in the tax impact of permanent differences, restructuring, other special items and other discrete tax items, which may have unique tax implications depending on the nature of the item. Our effective tax rate at March 31, 2015 reflects benefits derived from operations outside the United States, which are generally taxed at lower rates than the U.S. statutory rate of 35%.

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Segment Review
The Company’s results on a segment basis for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2014 were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended  
 March 31,
 
FX impact (unfavorable) / favorable
 
Constant Currency Increase/(Decrease)
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
 

 
Change $
 
Change %
Oral Technologies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenue
$
284.0

 
$
287.3

 
$
(33.2
)
 
$
29.9

 
10
 %
Segment EBITDA
81.7

 
76.2

 
(9.5
)
 
15.0

 
20
 %
Medication Delivery Solutions
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenue
61.2

 
65.4

 
(5.5
)
 
1.3

 
2
 %
Segment EBITDA
10.9

 
15.7

 
(0.7
)
 
(4.1
)
 
(26
)%
Development and Clinical Services
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenue
103.7

 
103.7

 
(4.3
)
 
4.3

 
4
 %
Segment EBITDA
23.8

 
23.0

 
(1.1
)
 
1.9

 
8
 %
Inter-segment revenue elimination
(2.3
)
 
(3.3
)
 

 
1.0

 
(30
)%
Unallocated Costs (1)
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