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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
FORM 10-K
 
 
[X]  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2007, or
 
[ ]  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to            .
 
 
Commission file number: 1-3754
 
 
GMAC LLC
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
     
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  38-0572512
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
200 Renaissance Center
P.O. Box 200 Detroit, Michigan
48265-2000
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
 
 
(313) 556-5000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act (all listed on the New York Stock Exchange):
 
     
Title of each class
   
 
87/8% Notes due June 1, 2010
  7.30% Public Income Notes (PINES) due March 9, 2031
6.00% Debentures due April 1, 2011
  7.35% Notes due August 8, 2032
10.00% Deferred Interest Debentures due December 1, 2012
  7.25% Notes due February 7, 2033
10.30% Deferred Interest Debentures due June 15, 2015
  7.375% Notes due December 16, 2044
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes [X] No [ ]
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes [ ] No [X]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [X] No [ ]
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [X]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer o Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated filer x Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes [ ] No [X]
 
Aggregate market value of voting and nonvoting common equity held by nonaffiliates: Not applicable, as GMAC LLC has no publicly traded equity securities.
 
Documents incorporated by reference. None.
 
 


 

 
INDEX
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
             
        Page  
 
 
           
  Business     1  
  Risk Factors     5  
  Unresolved Staff Comments     14  
  Properties     14  
  Legal Proceedings     14  
  Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders     17  
             
PART II            
  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities     18  
  Selected Financial Data     19  
  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations     20  
  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk     78  
  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data     80  
    Statement of Responsibility for Preparation of Financial Statements     80  
    Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting     81  
    Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm     82  
    Consolidated Statement of Income     84  
    Consolidated Balance Sheet     85  
    Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity     86  
    Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows     87  
    Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements     89  
  Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure     141  
  Controls and Procedures     141  
  Other Information     141  
             
PART III            
  Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance     142  
  Executive Compensation     147  
  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters     165  
  Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence     166  
  Principal Accounting Fees and Services     169  
             
PART IV            
  Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules     170  
         
    170  
         
    174  
 Employment Agreement, dated September 1, 2007, between GMAC LLC and Alvaro G. de Molina
 Letter Agreement dated October 31, 2007
 Amendment No. 1 to The GMAC Long-Term Incentive Plan LLC Long-Term Phantom Interest Plan
 Form of Award Agreement
 Form of Award Agreement
 Amendment No. 1 to the GMAC Management LLC Class C Membership Interests Plan
 Form of Award Agreement related to GMAC Management LLC Class C Membership Interest Plan
 Form of Award Agreement related to GMAC Management LLC Class C Membership Interest Plan
 Form of Award Agreement related to GMAC Management LLC Class C Membership Interest Plan
 Form of Award Agreement related to GMAC Management LLC Class C Membership Interest Plan
 Computation of Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges
 Subsidiaries of the Registrant
 Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Rule 13-14(a)/15d-14(a)
 Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Rule 13-14(a)/15d-14(a)
 Certification of Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350


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Part I
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
 
 
Item 1. Business
 
General
Founded in 1919 as a wholly owned subsidiary of General Motors Corporation (General Motors or GM), GMAC was originally established to provide GM dealers with the automotive financing necessary to acquire and maintain vehicle inventories and to provide retail customers the means by which to finance vehicle purchases through GM dealers. On November 30, 2006, GM sold a 51% interest in us for approximately $7.4 billion (the Sale Transactions) to FIM Holdings LLC (FIM Holdings), an investment consortium led by Cerberus FIM Investors, LLC, the sole managing member. The consortium also includes Citigroup Inc., Aozora Bank Ltd., and a subsidiary of The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. The terms “GMAC”, “the company”, “we”, and “us” refer to GMAC LLC and its subsidiaries as a consolidated entity, except where it is clear that the terms mean only GMAC LLC.
 
Our Business
GMAC is a leading, independent, globally diversified, financial services firm with approximately $248 billion of assets and operations in approximately 40 countries. Our products and services have expanded beyond automotive financing as we currently operate in the following primary lines of business — Global Automotive Finance, Mortgage (Residential Capital, LLC or ResCap), and Insurance. The following table reflects the primary products and services offered by each of our lines of businesses.
 
 
Global Automotive Finance
We are one of the world’s largest automotive financing companies with operations in approximately 40 countries. Our automotive finance business extends automotive financing services primarily to franchised GM dealers and their customers through two reportable segments — North American Automotive Finance operations and International Automotive Finance operations.
 
Through our Automotive Financing operations, we:
 
  Provide consumer automotive financing products and services, including purchasing or originating, selling and securitizing automotive contracts and leases with retail customers primarily from GM and GM-affiliated dealers, and performing servicing activities, such as collection and processing related to those contracts and leases;
 
  Provide automotive dealer financing products and services, including financing the purchases of new and used vehicles


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by dealers, making loans or extending revolving lending facilities for other purposes to dealers, subsequently selling and securitizing automotive dealer receivables and loans, and servicing and monitoring such financing;
 
  Provide fleet financing to automotive dealers and others for the purchase of vehicles they lease or rent to others;
 
  Provide full-service individual leasing and fleet leasing products, including maintenance, fleet, and accident management services, as well as fuel programs, short-term vehicle rental, and title and licensing services;
 
  Provide vehicle remarketing services for dealer and fleet customers; and
 
  Hold a portfolio of automotive contracts, leases, and automotive dealer finance receivables for investment or sale, together with interests retained from our securitization activities.
 
ResCap
We are a leading real estate finance company focused primarily on the residential real estate market.
 
Through our ResCap operations, we:
 
  Originate, purchase, sell, and securitize residential mortgage loans primarily in the United States, as well as internationally;
 
  Provide primary and master servicing to investors in our residential mortgage loans and securitizations;
 
  Provide collateralized lines of credit, which we refer to as warehouse lending facilities, to other originators of residential mortgage loans;
 
  Hold a portfolio of residential mortgage loans for investment or sale together with interests retained from our securitization activities;
 
  Provide bundled real estate services, including real estate brokerage services, full-service relocation services, mortgage closing services, and settlement services; and
 
  Provide specialty financing and equity capital to residential land developers and homebuilders, and resort and time-share developers.
 
We are currently investigating various strategic alternatives related to all aspects of the ResCap business. These strategic alternatives include potential acquisitions as well as dispositions, alliances, and joint ventures with a variety of third parties with respect to some of ResCap’s business.
 
Insurance
We offer automobile service contracts, personal automobile insurance coverages (ranging from preferred to nonstandard risk), selected commercial insurance coverages, and other consumer products, as well as provide certain reinsurance coverages.
 
Through our Insurance operations, we:
 
  Provide automotive extended service and maintenance contracts through automobile dealerships, primarily GM dealers in the United States and Canada, and similar products outside North America;
 
  Provide automobile physical damage insurance and other insurance products to dealers in the United States and internationally;
 
  Offer property and casualty reinsurance programs primarily to regional direct insurance companies in the United States and internationally;
 
  Offer vehicle and home insurance in the United States and internationally through a number of distribution channels, including independent agents, affinity groups, and the internet; and
 
  Invest proceeds from premiums and other revenue sources in an investment portfolio from which payments are made as claims are settled.
 
Industry and Competition
Global Automotive Finance
The consumer automotive finance market is one of the largest consumer finance segments in the United States. The industry is generally segmented according to the type of vehicle sold (new versus used) and the buyer’s credit characteristics (prime or nonprime). In 2007 and 2006, we purchased or originated $62.7 billion and $60.7 billion, respectively, of consumer automotive retail and lease contracts. For purposes of discussion in this section, the loans related to our automotive lending activities are referred to as retail contracts.
 
The consumer automotive finance business is largely dependent on new vehicle sales volumes, manufacturers’ promotions, and the overall macroeconomic environment. Competition tends to intensify when vehicle production decreases. Because of our exclusive partnership with GM, our penetration of GM volumes generally increases when GM uses subvented or subsidized financing rates as a part of its promotion program. In conjunction with the Sale Transactions, GM agreed to continue to provide vehicle financing and leasing incentives exclusively through us for a 10-year period, which ends in November 2016.
 
The consumer automotive finance business is highly competitive. We face intense competition from large suppliers of consumer automotive finance, which include captive automotive finance companies, large national banks, and consumer finance companies. In addition, we face


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competition from smaller suppliers, including regional banks, savings and loans associations, and specialized providers, such as local credit unions. Some of our larger competitors have access to significant capital and other resources. Many of these same competitors are able to access capital at a lower cost than we are. Smaller suppliers often have a dominant position in a specific region or niche segment, such as used vehicle finance or nonprime customers.
 
Commercial financing competitors primarily consist of other manufacturer’s affiliated finance companies, independent commercial finance companies, and national and regional banks. Refer to Risk Factors in Item 1A for further discussion.
 
ResCap
During most of 2007, the domestic and international mortgage and capital markets experienced severe and increasing dislocation. The market dislocation, which continues to persist into 2008, is evidenced by many developments including:
 
•  A significant reduction in most nonconforming loan production, which adversely impacted profitability and operational stability of most mortgage lenders;
 
•  A severe reduction in overall liquidity to the entire residential real estate finance sector from many sources, including continued disruption of the nonconforming term securitization markets and asset-backed commercial paper markets;
 
•  Aggressive management of credit exposure on existing facilities by liquidity providers as evidenced by, among other things, increased margin calls and decreased advance rates;
 
•  Significant increases in repurchase requests due to alleged breaches of representations and warranties or early payment defaults;
 
•  Increased bankruptcy and business failure of many mortgage market participants as well as consolidation among mortgage industry participants, which impacts access to mortgage products and profits within a sector of fewer, more sophisticated participants; and
 
•  Greater regulation imposed on the industry, resulting in increased costs and the need for higher levels of specialization.
 
These developments have adversely impacted ResCap and many of their competitors. A significant decline in mortgage loan production and increased repurchase demands have negatively impacted the profitability of many mortgage lenders and undermined their operational stability. In addition, the continued tightening (or loss) of liquidity and increase in the cost of capital to the residential real estate finance market has reduced the number of industry participants that are able to effectively compete. To compete effectively in this environment requires a very high level of operational, technological, and managerial expertise, as well as access to cost-effective capital.
 
Large and sophisticated financial institutions dominate the residential real state finance industry. The largest 30 mortgage lenders combined had a 93% share of the residential mortgage loan origination market as of December 31, 2007, up from 61% as of December 31, 1999. Continued consolidation in the residential mortgage loan origination market may adversely impact business in several respects, including increased pressure on pricing or a reduction in our sources of mortgage loan production if originators are purchased by competitors. This consolidation trend has carried over to the loan servicing side of the mortgage business. The top 30 residential mortgage servicers combined had a 73% share of the total residential mortgages outstanding as of December 31, 2007, up from 58% as of December 31, 1999.
 
Prime credit quality mortgage loans are the largest component of the residential mortgage market in the United States with loans conforming to the underwriting standards of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, Veterans’ Administration-guaranteed loans, and loans insured by the Federal Housing Administration representing a significant portion of all U.S. residential mortgage production.
 
A source of capital for the residential real estate finance industry is warehouse lending. These facilities provide funding to mortgage loan lenders and originators until the loans are sold to investors in the secondary mortgage loan market. We face competition in our warehouse lending operations from banks and other warehouse lenders, including investment banks and other financial institutions.
 
Our mortgage business operates in a highly competitive environment and faces significant competition from commercial banks, savings institutions, mortgage companies, and other financial institutions. In addition, ResCap earnings are subject to volatility due to seasonality inherent in the mortgage banking industry and volatility in interest rate markets.
 
Insurance
We operate in a highly competitive environment and face significant competition from insurance carriers, reinsurers, third-party administrators, brokers, and other insurance-related companies. Competitors in the property and casualty markets in which we operate consist of large multiline companies and smaller specialty carriers. Our competitors sell directly to customers through the mail, the internet, or agency sales forces. None of the companies in this market, including us, holds a dominant overall position in these markets.


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Through our Insurance operations, we provide automobile and homeowners insurance, automobile mechanical protection, reinsurance, and commercial insurance. We primarily operate in the United States; however, we also have operations throughout Europe, Latin America, Asia-Pacific, Canada, and Mexico.
 
Factors affecting our consumer products business include overall demographic trends that affect the volume of vehicle owners requiring insurance policies, as well as claims behavior. Since the business is highly regulated in the United States by state insurance agencies and primarily by national regulators outside the United States, differentiation is largely a function of price and service quality. In addition to pricing policies, profitability is a function of claims costs as well as investment income. Although the industry does not experience significant seasonal trends, it can be negatively affected by extraordinary weather conditions that can affect frequency and severity of automobile claims. Our automotive extended service contract business is dependent on new vehicle sales, market penetration, and the warranty coverage offered by automotive manufacturers.
 
The Insurance operations are subject to increased competition that can result in price erosion in the personal automobile and commercial insurance products. In addition, future performance can be affected by extreme weather events that can affect frequency and severity of automobile and other contract claims.
 
Although we expect that contract volumes will grow, we are unable to predict if market-pricing pressures will adversely affect future performance.
 
Certain Regulatory Matters
We are subject to various regulatory, financial, and other requirements of the jurisdictions in which our businesses operate. Following is a description of some of the primary regulations that affect our business.
 
International Banks and Finance Companies
Certain of our foreign subsidiaries operate in local markets as either banks or regulated finance companies and are subject to regulatory restrictions, including Financial Services Authority (FSA) requirements. These regulatory restrictions, among other things, require that our subsidiaries meet certain minimum capital requirements and may restrict dividend distributions and ownership of certain assets. As of December 31, 2007, compliance with these various regulations has not had a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. Total assets in regulated international banks and finance companies approximated $17.7 billion and $15.5 billion as of December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
 
U.S. Mortgage Business
Our U.S. mortgage business is subject to extensive federal, state, and local laws, rules, and regulations, as well as judicial and administrative decisions that impose requirements and restrictions on this business. As a Federal Housing Administration lender, our U.S. mortgage business is required to submit audited financial statements to the Department of Housing and Urban Development on an annual basis. It is also subject to examination by the Federal Housing Commissioner to assure compliance with Federal Housing Administration regulations, policies, and procedures. The federal, state, and local laws, rules, and regulations to which our U.S. mortgage business is subject, among other things, impose licensing obligations and financial requirements; limit the interest rates, finance charges, and other fees that can be charged; regulate the use of credit reports and the reporting of credit information; impose underwriting requirements; regulate marketing techniques and practices; require the safeguarding of nonpublic information about customers; and regulate servicing practices, including the assessment, collection, foreclosure, claims handling, and investment and interest payments on escrow accounts.
 
Depository Institutions
GMAC Bank, which provides services to both our North American Automotive Finance and ResCap operations, is licensed as an industrial bank pursuant to the laws of Utah, and its deposits are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). GMAC is required to file periodic reports with the FDIC concerning its financial condition. Assets in GMAC Bank approximated $28.4 billion and $20.2 billion as of December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
 
Furthermore, our Global Automotive Finance and ResCap operations have subsidiaries that are required to maintain regulatory capital requirements under agreements with Freddie Mac, Fannie Mae, Ginnie Mae, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Utah State Department of Financial Institutions, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
 
Insurance Companies
Our Insurance operations are subject to certain minimum aggregate capital requirements, net asset and dividend restrictions under applicable state insurance laws, and the rules and regulations promulgated by the Financial Services Authority in England, the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions of Canada, the National Insurance and Bonding Commission of Mexico, and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. Under the various state insurance regulations, dividend distributions may be made only from statutory unassigned surplus, with approvals required from


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the state regulatory authorities for dividends in excess of certain statutory limitations.
 
As previously disclosed on a Form 8-K filed October 27, 2005, Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and federal grand jury subpoenas have been served on our entities in connection with industry-wide investigations into practices in the insurance industry relating to loss mitigation insurance products such as finite risk insurance. The investigations are ongoing and we have cooperated with the investigation.
 
Other Regulations
Some of the other more significant regulations that GMAC is subject to include:
 
Privacy — The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act imposes additional obligations on us to safeguard the information we maintain on our customers and permits customers to “opt-out” of information sharing with third parties. Regulations have been enacted by several agencies that establish obligations to safeguard information. In addition, several states have enacted even more stringent privacy legislation. If a variety of inconsistent state privacy rules or requirements are enacted, our compliance costs could increase substantially.
 
Fair Credit Reporting Act — The Fair Credit Reporting Act provides a national legal standard for lenders to share information with affiliates and certain third parties and to provide firm offers of credit to consumers. In late 2003, the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act was enacted, making this preemption of conflicting state and local laws permanent. The Fair Credit Reporting Act was also amended to place further restrictions on the use of information sharing between affiliates, to provide new disclosures to consumers when risk-based pricing is used in the credit decision, and to help protect consumers from identity theft. All of these new provisions impose additional regulatory and compliance costs on us and reduce the effectiveness of our marketing programs.
 
Employees
We had approximately 26,700 and 31,400 employees worldwide as of December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
 
Additional Information
A description of our lines of business, along with the results of operations for each segment and the products and services offered, are contained in the individual business operations sections of Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, which begins on page 20. Financial information related to reportable segments and geographic areas is provided in Note 23 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
Our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and Current Reports on Form 8-K (and amendments to these reports) are available on our internet website, free of charge, as soon as reasonably practicable after the reports are electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC. These reports are available at www.gmacfs.com, under United States, Investor Relations, Annual Review, and SEC Filings. These reports can also be found on the SEC website located at www.sec.gov.
 
Item 1A. Risk Factors
 
Because of the following factors, as well as other factors affecting our operating results and financial condition, past financial performance should not be considered a reliable indicator of future performance, and investors should not use historical trends to anticipate results or trends in future periods.
 
Risks Related to Our Business
Rating agencies have recently downgraded their ratings for GMAC and ResCap, and there could be further downgrades in the future. Future downgrades would further adversely affect our ability to raise capital in the debt markets at attractive rates and increase the interest that we pay on new borrowings, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.
 
Each of Standard & Poor’s Rating Services; Moody’s Investors Service, Inc.; Fitch, Inc.; and Dominion Bond Rating Service rate our debt. There have been a series of recent negative credit rating actions, and all of these agencies currently maintain a negative outlook with respect to our ratings. Ratings reflect the rating agencies’ opinions of our financial strength, operating performance, strategic position, and ability to meet our obligations. Agency ratings are not a recommendation to buy, sell, or hold any security, and may be revised or withdrawn at any time by the issuing organization. Each agency’s rating should be evaluated independently of any other agency’s rating.
 
Future downgrades of our credit ratings would further increase borrowing costs and constrain our access to unsecured debt markets, including capital markets for retail debt and, as a result, would negatively affect our business. In addition, future downgrades of our credit ratings could increase the possibility of additional terms and conditions being added to any new or replacement financing arrangements, as well as impact elements of certain existing secured borrowing arrangements.
 


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Our business requires substantial capital, and if we are unable to maintain adequate financing sources, our profitability and financial condition will suffer and jeopardize our ability to continue operations.
 
Our liquidity and ongoing profitability are, in large part, dependent upon our timely access to capital and the costs associated with raising funds in different segments of the capital markets. Currently, our primary sources of financing include public and private securitizations and whole-loan sales. To a lesser extent, we also use institutional unsecured term debt, commercial paper, and retail debt offerings. Reliance on any one source can change going forward.
 
We depend and will continue to depend on our ability to access diversified funding alternatives to meet future cash flow requirements and to continue to fund our operations. Negative credit events specific to us or our 49% owner, GM, or other events affecting the overall debt markets have adversely impacted our funding sources, and continued or additional negative events could further adversely impact our funding sources, especially over the long term. As an example, an insolvency event for GM would curtail our ability to utilize certain of our automotive wholesale loan securitization structures as a source of funding in the future. Furthermore, ResCap’s access to capital can be impacted by changes in the market value of its mortgage products and the willingness of market participants to provide liquidity for such products.
 
ResCap’s liquidity may also be adversely affected by margin calls under certain of its secured credit facilities that are dependent in part on the lenders’ valuation of the collateral securing the financing. Each of these credit facilities allows the lender, to varying degrees, to revalue the collateral to values that the lender considers to reflect market values. If a lender determines that the value of the collateral has decreased, it may initiate a margin call requiring ResCap to post additional collateral to cover the decrease. When ResCap is subject to such a margin call, it must provide the lender with additional collateral or repay a portion of the outstanding borrowings with minimal notice. Any such margin call could harm ResCap’s liquidity, results of operation, financial condition, and business prospects. Additionally, in order to obtain cash to satisfy a margin call, ResCap may be required to liquidate assets at a disadvantageous time, which could cause it to incur further losses and adversely affect its results of operations and financial condition.
 
Recent developments in the market for many types of mortgage products (including mortgage-backed securities) have resulted in reduced liquidity for these assets. Although this reduction in liquidity has been most acute with regard to nonprime assets, there has been an overall reduction in liquidity across the credit spectrum of mortgage products. As a result, ResCap’s liquidity will continue to be negatively impacted by margin calls and changes to advance rates on its secured facilities. One consequence of this funding reduction is that ResCap may decide to retain interests in securitized mortgage pools that, in other circumstances, it would sell to investors, and ResCap will have to secure additional financing for these retained interests. If ResCap is unable to secure sufficient financing for them or if there is further general deterioration of liquidity for mortgage products, it will adversely impact ResCap’s business. In addition, a number of ResCap’s financing facilities have relatively short terms, typically one year or less, and a number of facilities are scheduled to mature during 2008. Though ResCap has generally been able to renew maturing facilities when needed to fund its operations, in recent months counterparties have often negotiated more conservative terms. Such terms have included, among other things, shorter maturities upon renewal, lower overall borrowing limits, lower ratios of funding to collateral value for secured facilities, and higher borrowing costs. There can be no assurance that ResCap will be able to renew maturing credit facilities on favorable terms, or at all. If ResCap is unable to maintain adequate financing or if other sources of capital are not available, it could be forced to suspend, curtail, or reduce certain aspects of its operations, which could harm ResCap’s revenues, profitability, financial condition, and business prospects.
 
Furthermore, we utilize asset and mortgage securitizations and sales as a critical component of our diversified funding strategy. Several factors could affect our ability to complete securitizations and sales, including conditions in the securities markets generally, conditions in the asset- or mortgage-backed securities markets, the credit quality and performance of our contracts and loans, our ability to service our contracts and loans, and a decline in the ratings given to securities previously issued in our securitizations. Any of these factors could negatively affect our ability to fund in these markets and the pricing of our securitizations and sales, resulting in lower proceeds from these activities.
 
Recent developments in the residential mortgage market may continue to adversely affect our revenues, profitability, and financial condition.
 
Recently, the residential mortgage markets in the United States and Europe have experienced a variety of difficulties and changed economic conditions that adversely affected our earnings and financial condition in the fourth quarter of 2006 and through 2007. Delinquencies and losses with respect to ResCap’s nonprime mortgage loans increased significantly and may continue to increase. Housing prices in many parts of the United States and the United Kingdom have also declined or stopped appreciating, after extended periods of significant appreciation. In addition, the liquidity provided to the mortgage sector has recently been significantly reduced. This liquidity reduction combined with ResCap’s decision to


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reduce its exposure to the nonprime mortgage market caused its nonprime mortgage production to decline, and such declines may continue. Similar trends are emerging beyond the nonprime sector, especially at the lower end of the prime credit quality scale, and may have a similar effect on ResCap’s related liquidity needs and businesses in the United States and Europe. These trends have resulted in significant write-downs to ResCap’s mortgage loans held for sale portfolio and additions to allowance for loan losses for its mortgage loans held for investment and warehouse lending receivables portfolios. A continuation of these trends may continue to adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
 
Another factor that may result in higher delinquency rates on mortgage loans held for sale and investment and on mortgage loans that underlie interests from securitizations is the scheduled increase in monthly payments on adjustable rate mortgage loans. Borrowers with adjustable rate mortgage loans are being exposed to increased monthly payments when the related mortgage interest rate adjusts upward under the terms of the mortgage loan from the initial fixed rate or a low introductory rate, as applicable, to the rate computed in accordance with the applicable index and margin. This increase in borrowers’ monthly payments, together with any increase in prevailing market interest rates, may result in significantly increased monthly payments for borrowers with adjustable rate mortgage loans.
 
Borrowers seeking to avoid these increased monthly payments by refinancing their mortgage loans may no longer be able to find available replacement loans at comparably low interest rates. A decline in housing prices may also leave borrowers with insufficient equity in their homes to permit them to refinance. In addition, these mortgage loans may have prepayment premiums that inhibit refinancing. Furthermore, borrowers who intend to sell their homes on or before the expiration of the fixed-rate periods on their mortgage loans may find that they cannot sell their properties for an amount equal to or greater than the unpaid principal balance of their loans. These events, alone or in combination, may contribute to higher delinquency rates.
 
Certain government regulators have observed these issues involving nonprime mortgages and have indicated an intention to review the mortgage loan programs. To the extent that regulators restrict the volume, terms, and/or type of nonprime mortgage loans, the liquidity of our nonprime mortgage loan production and our profitability from nonprime mortgage loans could be negatively impacted. Such activity could also negatively impact our warehouse lending volumes and profitability.
 
The events surrounding the nonprime segment have forced certain originators to exit the market. Such activities may limit the volume of nonprime mortgage loans available for us to acquire and/or our warehouse lending volumes, which could negatively impact our profitability.
 
These events, alone or in combination, may contribute to higher delinquency rates, reduce origination volumes, or reduce warehouse lending volumes at ResCap. These events could adversely affect our revenues, profitability, and financial condition.
 
Recent negative developments in the secondary mortgage markets have led credit rating agencies to make requirements for rating mortgage securities more stringent, and market participants are still evaluating the impact.
 
The credit rating agencies that rate most classes of ResCap’s mortgage securitization transactions establish criteria for both security terms and the underlying mortgage loans. Recent deterioration in the residential mortgage market in the United States and internationally, especially in the nonprime sector, has led the rating agencies to increase their required credit enhancement for certain loan features and security structures. These changes, and any similar changes in the future, may reduce the volume of securitizable loans ResCap is able to produce in a competitive market. Similarly, increased credit enhancement to support ratings on new securities may reduce the profitability of ResCap’s mortgage securitization operations and, accordingly, its overall profitability and financial condition.
 
Our indebtedness and other obligations are significant and could materially adversely affect our business.
 
We have a significant amount of indebtedness. As of December 31, 2007, we had approximately $193 billion in principal amount of indebtedness outstanding. Interest expense on our indebtedness constitutes approximately 70% of our total financing revenues. In addition, under the terms of our current indebtedness, we have the ability to create additional unsecured indebtedness. If our debt payments increase, whether due to the increased cost of existing indebtedness or the incurrence of additional indebtedness, we may be required to dedicate a significant portion of our cash flow from operations to the payment of principal of, and interest on, our indebtedness, which would reduce the funds available for other purposes. Our indebtedness also could limit our ability to withstand competitive pressures and reduce our flexibility in responding to changing business and economic conditions.
 
The profitability and financial condition of our operations are dependent upon the operations of General Motors Corporation.
 
A significant portion of our customers are those of GM, GM dealers, and GM-related employees. As a result, various aspects of GM’s business, including changes in the


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production or sale of GM vehicles, the quality or resale value of GM vehicles, the use of GM marketing incentives, GM’s relationships with its key suppliers, the United Auto Workers and other labor unions, and other factors impacting GM or its employees could significantly affect our profitability and financial condition.
 
We provide vehicle financing through purchases of retail automotive and lease contracts with retail customers of primarily GM dealers. We also finance the purchase of new and used vehicles by GM dealers through wholesale financing, extend other financing to GM dealers, provide fleet financing for GM dealers to buy vehicles they rent or lease to others, provide wholesale vehicle inventory insurance to GM dealers, provide automotive extended service contracts through GM dealers, and offer other services to GM dealers. In 2007, our shares of GM retail sales and sales to dealers were 35% and 82%, respectively, in markets where GM operates. As a result, GM’s level of automobile production and sales directly impacts our financing and leasing volume, the premium revenue for wholesale vehicle inventory insurance, the volume of automotive extended service contracts, and the profitability and financial condition of the GM dealers to whom we provide wholesale financing, term loans, and fleet financing. In addition, the quality of GM vehicles affects our obligations under automotive extended service contracts relating to such vehicles. Further, the resale value of GM vehicles, which may be impacted by various factors relating to GM’s business such as brand image or the number of new GM vehicles produced, affects the remarketing proceeds we receive upon the sale of repossessed vehicles and off-lease vehicles at lease termination.
 
GM utilizes various rate, residual value, and other financing incentives from time to time. The nature, timing, and extent of GM’s use of incentives has a significant impact on our consumer automotive financing volume and our share of GM’s retail sales, which we refer to as our penetration level. For example, GM held a 72-hour promotion during July 2006 in which we offered retail contracts at 0% financing for 72 months. Primarily because of this promotion, we experienced a significant increase in our consumer automotive financing penetration levels during the third quarter of 2006. GM has provided financial assistance and incentives to its franchised dealers through guarantees, agreements to repurchase inventory, equity investments, and subsidies that assist dealers in making interest payments to financing sources. These financial assistance and incentive programs are provided at the option of GM, and they may be terminated in whole or in part at any time. While the financial assistance and incentives do not relieve the dealers from their obligations to us or their other financing sources, if GM were to reduce or terminate any of their financial assistance and incentive programs, the timing and amount of payments from GM-franchised dealers to us may be adversely affected.
 
We have substantial credit exposure to General Motors Corporation.
 
We have entered into various operating and financing arrangements with GM. As a result of these arrangements, we have substantial credit exposure to GM. However, as part of the Sale Transactions, this credit exposure has been reduced because of the termination of various intercompany credit facilities. In addition, certain unsecured exposure to GM entities in the United States has been contractually capped at $1.5 billion (actual exposure of $514 million at December 31, 2007).
 
As a marketing incentive GM may sponsor residual support programs for retail leases as a way to lower customer’s monthly payments. Under residual support programs, the contractual residual value is adjusted above GMAC’s standard residual rates. At lease origination, GM pays us the present value of the estimated amount of residual support it expects to owe at lease termination. When the lease terminates, GM makes a “true-up” payment to us if the estimated residual support payment is too low. Similarly, we make a true-up payment to GM if the estimated residual payment is too high and GM overpaid GMAC. Additionally, under what we refer to as lease “pull-ahead” programs, customers are encouraged to terminate leases early in conjunction with the acquisition of a new GM vehicle. As part of these programs, we waive all or a portion of the customer’s remaining payment obligation under the current lease. Under most programs, GM compensates us for the foregone revenue from the waived payments. Since these programs generally accelerate our remarketing of the vehicle, the resale proceeds are typically higher than otherwise would have been realized had the vehicle been remarketed at lease contract maturity. The reimbursement from GM for the foregone payments is, therefore, reduced by the amount of this benefit. GM makes estimated payments to us at the end of each month in which customers have pulled their leases ahead. As with residual support payments, these estimates are trued-up once all the vehicles that could have been pulled ahead have terminated and been remarketed. To the extent that the original estimates were incorrect, GM or GMAC may be obligated to pay each other the difference, as appropriate under the lease pull-ahead programs. GM is also responsible for risk sharing on returned lease vehicles in the United States and Canada whose resale proceeds are below standard residual values (limited to a floor). In addition, GM may sponsor rate support programs, which offer rates to customers below the standard market rates at which we purchase retail contracts (such as 0% financing). Under rate support programs, GM is obligated to pay us the present value of the difference between the customer rate and our standard rates. The amount of this payment is determined on


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a monthly basis based on subvented contract originations in a given month, and payment for GM’s rate support obligation is due to us on the 15th of each following month.
 
Historically GM has made all payments related to these programs and arrangements on a timely basis. However, if GM is unable to pay, fails to pay, or is delayed in paying these amounts, our profitability, financial condition, and cash flow could be adversely affected.
 
Our earnings may decrease because of increases or decreases in interest rates.
 
Our profitability is directly affected by changes in interest rates. The following are some of the risks we face relating to an increase in interest rates:
 
  Rising interest rates will increase our cost of funds.
 
  Rising interest rates may reduce our consumer automotive financing volume by influencing consumers to pay cash for, as opposed to financing, vehicle purchases.
 
  Rising interest rates generally reduce our residential mortgage loan production as borrowers become less likely to refinance, and the costs associated with acquiring a new home becomes more expensive.
 
  Rising interest rates will generally reduce the value of mortgage and automotive financing loans and contracts and retained interests and fixed income securities held in our investment portfolio.
 
We are also subject to risks from decreasing interest rates. For example, a significant decrease in interest rates could increase the rate at which mortgages are prepaid, which could require us to write down the value of our retained interests. Moreover, if prepayments are greater than expected, the cash we receive over the life of our mortgage loans held for investment, and our retained interests would be reduced. Higher-than-expected prepayments could also reduce the value of our mortgage servicing rights and, to the extent the borrower does not refinance with us, the size of our servicing portfolio. Therefore, any such changes in interest rates could harm our revenues, profitability, and financial condition.
 
Our hedging strategies may not be successful in mitigating our risks associated with changes in interest rates and could affect our profitability and financial condition, as could our failure to comply with hedge accounting principles and interpretations.
 
We employ various economic hedging strategies to mitigate the interest rate and prepayment risk inherent in many of our assets and liabilities. Our hedging strategies rely on assumptions and projections regarding our assets, liabilities, and general market factors. If these assumptions and projections prove to be incorrect or our hedges do not adequately mitigate the impact of changes in interest rates or prepayment speeds, we may experience volatility in our earnings that could adversely affect our profitability and financial condition.
 
In addition, hedge accounting in accordance with SFAS 133 requires the application of significant subjective judgments to a body of accounting concepts that is complex and for which the interpretations have continued to evolve within the accounting profession and amongst the standard-setting bodies. On our 2006 Form 10-K, we restated prior period financial information to eliminate hedge accounting treatment that had been applied to certain callable debt hedged with derivatives.
 
Our residential mortgage subsidiary’s ability to pay dividends to us is restricted by contractual arrangements.
 
On June 24, 2005, we entered into an operating agreement with GM and ResCap, the holding company for our residential mortgage business, to create separation between GM and us on the one hand, and ResCap, on the other. The operating agreement restricts ResCap’s ability to declare dividends or prepay subordinated indebtedness to us. This operating agreement was amended on November 27, 2006, and again on November 30, 2006, in conjunction with the Sale Transactions. Among other things, these amendments removed GM as a party to the agreement.
 
The restrictions contained in the ResCap operating agreement include the requirements that ResCap’s total equity be at least $6.5 billion for dividends to be paid. If ResCap is permitted to pay dividends pursuant to the previous sentence, the cumulative amount of such dividends may not exceed 50% of ResCap’s cumulative net income (excluding payments for income taxes from our election for federal income tax purposes to be treated as a limited liability company), measured from July 1, 2005, at the time such dividend is paid. These restrictions will cease to be effective if ResCap’s total equity has been at least $12 billion as of the end of each of two consecutive fiscal quarters or if we cease to be the majority owner. In connection with the Sale Transactions, GM was released as a party to this operating agreement, but the operating agreement remains in effect between ResCap and us. At December 31, 2007, ResCap had consolidated total equity of approximately $6.0 billion.
 
A failure of or interruption in the communications and information systems on which we rely to conduct our business could adversely affect our revenues and profitability.
 
We rely heavily upon communications and information systems to conduct our business. Any failure or interruption of our information systems or the third-party information systems on which we rely could cause underwriting or other delays and could result in fewer applications being received,


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slower processing of applications, and reduced efficiency in servicing. The occurrence of any of these events could have a material adverse effect on our business.
 
We use estimates and assumptions in determining the fair value of certain of our assets, in determining our allowance for credit losses, in determining lease residual values, and in determining our reserves for insurance losses and loss adjustment expenses. If our estimates or assumptions prove to be incorrect, our cash flow, profitability, financial condition, and business prospects could be materially adversely affected.
 
We use estimates and various assumptions in determining the fair value of many of our assets, including retained interests from securitizations of loans and contracts, mortgage servicing rights, and other investments, which do not have an established market value or are not publicly traded. We also use estimates and assumptions in determining our allowance for credit losses on our loan and contract portfolios, in determining the residual values of leased vehicles, and in determining our reserves for insurance losses and loss adjustment expenses. It is difficult to determine the accuracy of our estimates and assumptions, and our actual experience may differ materially from these estimates and assumptions. As an example, the continued decline of the domestic housing market, especially (but not exclusively) with regard to the nonprime sector, has resulted in increases of the allowance for loan losses at ResCap for 2006 and 2007. A material difference between our estimates and assumptions and our actual experience may adversely affect our cash flow, profitability, financial condition, and business prospects.
 
Our business outside the United States exposes us to additional risks that may cause our revenues and profitability to decline.
 
We conduct a significant portion of our business outside the United States. We intend to continue to pursue growth opportunities for our businesses outside the United States, which could expose us to greater risks. The risks associated with our operations outside the United States include:
 
  multiple foreign regulatory requirements that are subject to change;
 
  differing local product preferences and product requirements;
 
  fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates;
 
  difficulty in establishing, staffing, and managing foreign operations;
 
  differing labor regulations;
 
  consequences from changes in tax laws; and
 
  political and economic instability, natural calamities, war, and terrorism.
 
The effects of these risks may, individually or in the aggregate, adversely affect our revenues and profitability.
 
Our business could be adversely affected by changes in currency exchange rates.
 
We are exposed to risks related to the effects of changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Changes in currency exchange rates can have a significant impact on our earnings from international operations. While we carefully watch and attempt to manage our exposure to fluctuation in currency exchange rates, these types of changes can have material adverse effects on our business and results of operations and financial condition.
 
We are exposed to credit risk, which could affect our profitability and financial condition.
 
We are subject to credit risk resulting from defaults in payment or performance by customers for our contracts and loans, as well as contracts and loans that are securitized and in which we retain a residual interest. For example, the continued decline in the domestic housing market has resulted in an increase in delinquency rates related to mortgage loans that ResCap either holds or retains an interest in. Furthermore, a weak economic environment caused by higher energy prices and the continued deterioration of the housing market could exert pressure on our consumer automotive finance customers resulting in higher delinquencies, repossessions, and losses. There can be no assurances that our monitoring of our credit risk as it impacts the value of these assets and our efforts to mitigate credit risk through our risk-based pricing, appropriate underwriting policies, and loss mitigation strategies are or will be sufficient to prevent a further adverse effect on our profitability and financial condition. As part of the underwriting process, we rely heavily upon information supplied by third parties. If any of this information is intentionally or negligently misrepresented and the misrepresentation is not detected before completing the transaction, the credit risk associated with the transaction may be increased.
 
General business and economic conditions of the industries and geographic areas in which we operate affect our revenues, profitability, and financial condition.
 
Our revenues, profitability, and financial condition are sensitive to general business and economic conditions in the United States and in the markets in which we operate outside the United States. A downturn in economic conditions resulting in increased unemployment rates, increased


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consumer and commercial bankruptcy filings, or other factors that negatively impact household incomes could decrease demand for our financing and mortgage products and increase delinquency and loss. In addition, because our credit exposures are generally collateralized, the severity of losses is particularly sensitive to a decline in used vehicle and residential home prices.
 
Some further examples of these risks include the following:
 
  A significant and sustained increase in gasoline prices could decrease new and used vehicle purchases, thereby reducing the demand for automotive retail and wholesale financing.
 
  A general decline in residential home prices in the United States could negatively affect the value of our mortgage loans held for investment and sale and our retained interests in securitized mortgage loans. Such a decrease could also restrict our ability to originate, sell or securitize mortgage loans, and impact the repayment of advances under our warehouse loans.
 
  An increase in automotive labor rates or parts prices could negatively affect the value of our automotive extended service contracts.
 
Our profitability and financial condition may be materially adversely affected by decreases in the residual value of off-lease vehicles.
 
Our expectation of the residual value of a vehicle subject to an automotive lease contract is a critical element used to determine the amount of the lease payments under the contract at the time the customer enters into it. As a result, to the extent the actual residual value of the vehicle, as reflected in the sales proceeds received upon remarketing, is less than the expected residual value for the vehicle at lease inception, we incur additional depreciation expense and/or a loss on the lease transaction. General economic conditions, the supply of off-lease vehicles, and new vehicle market prices heavily influence used vehicle prices and thus the actual residual value of off-lease vehicles. GM’s brand image, consumer preference for GM products, and GM’s marketing programs that influence the new and used vehicle market for GM vehicles also influence lease residual values. In addition, our ability to efficiently process and effectively market off-lease vehicles impacts the disposal costs and proceeds realized from the vehicle sales. While GM provides support for lease residual values, including through residual support programs, this support by GM does not in all cases entitle us to full reimbursement for the difference between the remarketing sales proceeds for off-lease vehicles and the residual value specified in the lease contract. Differences between the actual residual values realized on leased vehicles and our expectations of such values at contract inception could have a negative impact on our profitability and financial condition.
 
Fluctuations in valuation of investment securities or significant fluctuations in investment market prices could negatively affect revenues.
 
Investment market prices in general are subject to fluctuation. Consequently, the amount realized in the subsequent sale of an investment may significantly differ from the reported market value that could negatively affect our revenues. Fluctuation in the market price of a security may result from perceived changes in the underlying economic characteristics of the investee, the relative price of alternative investments, national and international events, and general market conditions.
 
Changes in existing U.S. government-sponsored mortgage programs, or disruptions in the secondary markets in the United States or in other countries in which our mortgage subsidiaries operate, could adversely affect the profitability and financial condition of our mortgage business.
 
The ability of ResCap to generate revenue through mortgage loan sales to institutional investors in the United States depends to a significant degree on programs administered by government-sponsored enterprises such as Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, Ginnie Mae, and others that facilitate the issuance of mortgage-backed securities in the secondary market. These government-sponsored enterprises play a powerful role in the residential mortgage industry, and our mortgage subsidiaries have significant business relationships with them. Proposals are being considered in Congress and by various regulatory authorities that would affect the manner in which these government-sponsored enterprises conduct their business, including proposals to establish a new independent agency to regulate the government-sponsored enterprises, to require them to register their stock with the SEC, to reduce or limit certain business benefits they receive from the U.S. government, and to limit the size of the mortgage loan portfolios they may hold. Any discontinuation of, or significant reduction in, the operation of these government-sponsored enterprises could adversely affect our revenues and profitability. Also, any significant adverse change in the level of activity in the secondary market, including declines in the institutional investors’ desire to invest in our mortgage products, could adversely affect our business.


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We may be required to repurchase contracts and provide indemnification if we breach representations and warranties from our securitization and whole-loan transactions, which could harm our profitability and financial condition.
 
When we sell retail contracts or leases through whole-loan sales or securitize retail contracts, leases, or wholesale loans to dealers, we are required to make customary representations and warranties about the contracts, leases, or loans to the purchaser or securitization trust. Our whole-loan sale agreements generally require us to repurchase retail contracts or provide indemnification if we breach a representation or warranty given to the purchaser. Likewise, we are required to repurchase retail contracts, leases, or loans and may be required to provide indemnification if we breach a representation or warranty in connection with our securitizations. Similarly, sales of mortgage loans through whole-loan sales or securitizations require us to make customary representations and warranties about the mortgage loans to the purchaser or securitization trust. Our whole-loan sale agreements generally require us to repurchase or substitute loans if we breach a representation or warranty given to the purchaser. In addition, we may be required to repurchase mortgage loans as a result of borrower fraud or if a payment default occurs on a mortgage loan shortly after its origination. Likewise, we are required to repurchase or substitute mortgage loans if we breach a representation or warranty in connection with our securitizations. The remedies available to a purchaser of mortgage loans may be broader than those available to us against the original seller of the mortgage loan. Also, originating brokers and correspondent lenders often lack sufficient capital to repurchase more than a limited number of such loans and numerous brokers and correspondents are no longer in business. If a purchaser enforces its remedies against us, we may not be able to enforce the remedies we have against the seller of the mortgage loan to us or the borrower.
 
Like others in the mortgage industry, ResCap has experienced a material increase in repurchase requests. Significant repurchase activity could continue to harm our profitability and financial condition.
 
Significant indemnification payments or contract, lease, or loan repurchase activity of retail contracts or leases or mortgage loans could harm our profitability and financial condition.
 
We have repurchase obligations in our capacity as servicers in securitizations and whole-loan sales. If a servicer breaches a representation, warranty, or servicing covenant with respect to an automotive receivable or mortgage loan, the servicer may be required by the servicing provisions to repurchase that asset from the purchaser. If the frequency at which repurchases of assets occurs increases substantially from its present rate, the result could be a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity, and results of operations.
 
A loss of contractual servicing rights could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity, and results of operations.
 
We are the servicer for all of the receivables we have originated and transferred to other parties in securitizations and whole-loan sales of automotive receivables. Our mortgage subsidiaries service the mortgage loans we have securitized, and we service the majority of the mortgage loans we have sold in whole-loan sales. In each case, we are paid a fee for our services, which fees in the aggregate constitute a substantial revenue stream for us. In each case, we are subject to the risk of termination under the circumstances specified in the applicable servicing provisions.
 
In most securitizations and whole-loan sales, the owner of the receivables or mortgage loans will be entitled to declare a servicer default and terminate the servicer upon the occurrence of specified events. These events typically include a bankruptcy of the servicer, a material failure by the servicer to perform its obligations, and a failure by the servicer to turn over funds on the required basis. The termination of these servicing rights, were it to occur, could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity, and results of operations and those of our mortgage subsidiaries. For the year ended December 31, 2007, our consolidated mortgage servicing fee income was approximately $2.2 billion.
 
The regulatory environment in which we operate could have a material adverse effect on our business and earnings.
 
Our domestic operations are subject to various laws and judicial and administrative decisions imposing various requirements and restrictions relating to supervision and regulation by state and federal authorities. Such regulation and supervision are primarily for the benefit and protection of our customers, not for the benefit of investors in our securities, and could limit our discretion in operating our business. Noncompliance with applicable statutes or regulations could result in the suspension or revocation of any license or registration at issue, as well as the imposition of civil fines and criminal penalties.
 
Our operations are also heavily regulated in many jurisdictions outside the United States. For example, certain of our foreign subsidiaries operate either as a bank or a regulated finance company, and our insurance operations are subject to various requirements in the foreign markets in which we operate. The varying requirements of these jurisdictions may be inconsistent with U.S. rules and may materially adversely affect our business or limit necessary


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regulatory approvals, or if approvals are obtained, we may not be able to continue to comply with the terms of the approvals or applicable regulations. In addition, in many countries the regulations applicable to the financial services industry are uncertain and evolving, and it may be difficult for us to determine the exact regulatory requirements.
 
Our inability to remain in compliance with regulatory requirements in a particular jurisdiction could have a material adverse effect on our operations in that market with regard to the affected product and on our reputation generally. No assurance can be given that applicable laws or regulations will not be amended or construed differently, that new laws and regulations will not be adopted, or that we will not be prohibited by local laws from raising interest rates above certain desired levels, any of which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, or results of operations.
 
Changes in accounting standards issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board or other standard-setting bodies may adversely affect our reported revenues, profitability, and financial condition.
 
Our financial statements are subject to the application of U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, which are periodically revised and/or expanded. The application of accounting principles is also subject to varying interpretations over time. Accordingly, we are required to adopt new or revised accounting standards or comply with revised interpretations that are issued from time to time by recognized authoritative bodies, including the Financial Accounting Standards Board and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Those changes could adversely affect our reported revenues, profitability, or financial condition.
 
The worldwide financial services industry is highly competitive. If we are unable to compete successfully or if there is increased competition in the automotive financing, mortgage, and/or insurance markets or generally in the markets for securitizations or asset sales, our margins could be materially adversely affected.
 
The markets for automotive and mortgage financing, insurance, and reinsurance are highly competitive. The market for automotive financing has grown more competitive as more consumers are financing their vehicle purchases, primarily in North America and Europe. Our mortgage business faces significant competition from commercial banks, savings institutions, mortgage companies, and other financial institutions. Our insurance business faces significant competition from insurance carriers, reinsurers, third-party administrators, brokers, and other insurance-related companies. Many of our competitors have substantial positions nationally or in the markets in which they operate. Some of our competitors have lower cost structures, lower cost of capital, and are less reliant on securitization and sale activities. We face significant competition in various areas, including product offerings, rates, pricing and fees, and customer service. If we are unable to compete effectively in the markets in which we operate, our profitability and financial condition could be negatively affected.
 
The markets for asset and mortgage securitizations and whole-loan sales are competitive, and other issuers and originators could increase the amount of their issuances and sales. In addition, lenders and other investors within those markets often establish limits on their credit exposure to particular issuers, originators and asset classes, or they may require higher returns to increase the amount of their exposure. Increased issuance by other participants in the market, or decisions by investors to limit their credit exposure to — or to require a higher yield for — us or to automotive or mortgage securitizations or whole loans, could negatively affect our ability and that of our subsidiaries to price our securitizations and whole-loan sales at attractive rates. The result would be lower proceeds from these activities and lower profits for our subsidiaries and us.
 
Certain of our owners are subject to a regulatory agreement that may affect our control of GMAC Bank.
 
On February 1, 2007, Cerberus FIM, LLC, Cerberus FIM Investors LLC and FIM Holdings LLC (collectively, “FIM Entities”), submitted a letter to the FDIC requesting that the FDIC waive certain of the requirements contained in a two-year disposition agreement between each of the FIM Entities and the FDIC. The agreement was entered into in connection with the sale by General Motors of a 51% interest in us. The sale resulted in a change of control of GMAC Bank, an industrial loan corporation, which required the approval of the FDIC. At the time of the sale, the FDIC had imposed a moratorium on the approval of any applications for deposit insurance or change of control notices. As a condition to granting the application in connection with the change of control of GMAC Bank during the moratorium, the FDIC required each of the FIM Entities to enter into a two-year disposition agreement. As previously disclosed by the FDIC, that agreement requires, among other things, that by no later than November 30, 2008, the FIM Entities complete one of the following actions: (1) become registered with the appropriate federal banking agency as a depository institution holding company pursuant to the Bank Holding Company Act or the Home Owners’ Loan Act, (2) divest control of GMAC Bank to one or more persons or entities other than prohibited transferees, (3) terminate GMAC Bank’s status as an FDIC-insured depository institution, or (4) obtain from the FDIC a waiver of the requirements set forth in this sentence on the ground that applicable law and FDIC policy permit similarly situated companies to acquire control of FDIC-


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insured industrial banks; provided that no waiver request could be filed prior to January 31, 2008, unless, prior to that date, Congress enacted legislation permitting, or the FDIC by regulation or order authorizes, similarly situated companies to acquire control of FDIC-insured industrial banks after January 31, 2007. We cannot give any assurance that the FDIC will approve the FIM Entities’ waiver request or, if it is approved, that it will impose no conditions on our retention of GMAC Bank or on its operations. However, it is worth noting that the House of Representatives has passed a bill that would permit the FIM Entities to continue to own GMAC Bank. The Senate Banking Committee has approved a bill that would have the same effect. If the FDIC does not approve the waiver, we could be required to sell GMAC Bank or cause it to cease to be insured by the FDIC, or we could be subject to conditions on our retention of the bank or on its operations in return for the waiver. Requiring us to dispose of GMAC Bank or relinquish deposit insurance would, and the imposition of such conditions might, materially adversely affect our access to low cost liquidity and our business and operating results.
 
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
 
None.
 
Item 2. Properties
 
Our primary executive and administrative offices are located in Detroit, Michigan. We lease approximately 226,000 square feet from GM pursuant to a lease agreement expiring in November 2016. In addition, we have corporate offices in New York, New York, where we lease approximately 18,000 square feet of office space under a lease that expires in July 2011.
 
The primary offices for our North American Automotive Finance operations are located in Detroit, Michigan, and are included in the totals referenced above. Our International Automotive Finance operations include leased space in approximately 30 countries totaling approximately 790,000 square feet. The largest countries include the United Kingdom and Germany with approximately 116,000 square feet of office space under lease in each country.
 
The primary office for our U.S. Insurance operations is located in Southfield, Michigan; Maryland Heights, Missouri; and Winston-Salem, North Carolina. In Southfield, we lease approximately 91,000 square feet of office space under leases expiring in September 2008. Our Maryland Heights and Winston-Salem offices are approximately 136,000 square feet and 444,000 square feet, respectively, under leases expiring in September 2014. Our Insurance operations also has leased offices in Mexico and the United Kingdom.
 
The primary offices for our ResCap operations are located in Fort Washington, Pennsylvania, and Minneapolis, Minnesota. In Fort Washington, ResCap leases approximately 450,000 square feet of office space pursuant to a lease that expires in November 2019. In Minneapolis, we lease approximately 245,000 square feet of office space expiring between March 2013 and December 2013. ResCap also has significant leased offices in Texas, California, and New Jersey.
 
In addition to the properties described above, we lease additional space throughout the United States and in the approximately 40 countries in which we operate, including additional facilities in Canada, Germany, and the United Kingdom. We believe that our facilities are adequate for us to conduct our present business activities.
 
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
 
We are subject to potential liability under various governmental proceedings, claims, and legal actions that are pending or otherwise have been asserted against us.
 
We are named as defendants in a number of legal actions, and we are occasionally involved in governmental proceedings arising in connection with our respective businesses. Some of the pending actions purport to be class actions. We establish reserves for legal claims when payments associated with the claims become probable and the costs can be reasonably estimated. The actual costs of resolving legal claims may be higher or lower than any amounts reserved for the claims. On the basis of information currently available, advice of counsel, available insurance coverage, and established reserves, it is the opinion of management that the eventual outcome of the actions against us, including those described below, will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows. However, in the event of unexpected future developments, it is possible that the ultimate resolution of legal matters, if unfavorable, may be material to our consolidated financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows. Furthermore, any claim or legal action against GM that results in GM incurring significant liability could also have an adverse effect on our consolidated financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows. For a discussion of pending cases against GM, refer to Item 3 in GM’s 2007 Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed separately with the SEC, which report is not deemed incorporated into any of our filings under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (Securities Act) or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (Exchange Act).
 
Pending legal proceedings, other than ordinary routine litigation incidental to the business, to which GMAC became, or was, a party during the year ended December 31, 2007, or


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subsequent thereto, but before the filing of this report are summarized as follows:
 
Shareholder Class Actions
On September 19, 2005, a purported class action complaint, Folksam Asset Management v. General Motors, et al., was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, naming as defendants GM; GMAC; and GM Chairman and Chief Executive Officer G. Richard Wagoner, Jr.; Vice Chairman John Devine; Treasurer Walter G. Borst; and Chief Accounting Officer Peter Bible. Plaintiffs purported to bring the claim on behalf of purchasers of GM debt and/or equity securities during the period February 25, 2002, through March 16, 2005. The complaint alleges that defendants violated Section 10(b) and, with respect to the individual defendants, Section 20(a) of the Exchange Act. The complaint also alleges violations of Sections 11 and 12(a) and, with respect to the individual defendants, Section 15 of the Securities Act, in connection with certain registered debt offerings during the class period. In particular, the complaint alleges that GM’s cash flows during the class period were overstated based on the “reclassification” of certain cash items described in GM’s 2004 Form 10-K. The reclassification involves cash flows relating to the financing of GMAC wholesale receivables from dealers that resulted in no net cash receipts and GM’s decision to revise Consolidated Statements of Net Cash for the years ended 2002 and 2003. The complaint also alleges misrepresentations relating to forward-looking statements of GM’s 2005 earnings forecast that were later revised significantly downward. In October 2005, a similar suit, asserting claims under the Exchange Act based on substantially the same factual allegations, was filed and subsequently consolidated with the Folksam case, Galliani, et al. v. General Motors, et al. The consolidated suit was recaptioned as In re General Motors Securities Litigation. Under the terms of the Sale Transactions, GM is indemnifying GMAC in connection with these cases.
 
On November 18, 2005, plaintiffs in the Folksam case filed an amended complaint, which adds several additional investors as plaintiffs, extends the end of the class period to November 9, 2005, and names as additional defendants three current and one former member of GM’s audit committee, as well as independent accountants, Deloitte & Touche LLP. In addition to the claims asserted in the original complaint, the amended complaint adds a claim against defendants Wagoner and Devine for rescission of their bonuses and incentive compensation during the class period. It also includes further allegations regarding GM’s accounting for pension obligations, restatement of income for 2001, and financial results for the first and second quarters of 2005. Neither the original complaint nor the amended complaint specify the amount of damages sought, and the defendants have no means to estimate damages the plaintiffs will seek based upon the limited information available in the complaint. On January 17, 2006, the court made provisional designations of lead plaintiff and lead counsel, which designations were made final on February 6, 2006. Plaintiffs subsequently filed a second amended complaint, which added various underwriters as defendants.
 
Plaintiffs filed a third amended securities complaint in In re General Motors Securities and Derivative Litigation on August 15, 2006 (certain shareholder derivative cases brought against GM were consolidated with In re General Motors Securities Litigation for coordinated or consolidated pretrial proceedings, and the caption was modified). The amended complaint did not include claims against the underwriters previously named as defendants; alleged a proposed class period of April 13, 2000, through March 20, 2006; did not include the previously asserted claim for the rescission of incentive compensation against Mr. Wagoner and Mr. Devine; and contained additional factual allegations regarding GM’s restatements of financial information filed with its reports to the SEC. On October 13, 2006, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss the amended complaint in the shareholder class action litigation, which remains pending. On December 14, 2006, plaintiffs filed a motion for leave to file a fourth amended complaint in the event the Court grants the defendants’ motion to dismiss. The defendants have opposed the motion for leave to file a fourth amended complaint.
 
Motion for Consolidation and Transfer to the Eastern District of Michigan
On December 13, 2005, defendants in In re General Motors Corporation Securities Litigation (previously Folksam Asset Management v. General Motors Corporation, et al. and Galliani v. General Motors Corporation, et al.) and Stein v. Bowles, et al. filed a Motion with the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation to transfer and consolidate these cases for pretrial proceedings in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan.
 
On January 5, 2006, defendants submitted to the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation an Amended Motion seeking to add to their original Motion the Rosen, Gluckstern, and Orr cases for consolidated pretrial proceedings in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. On April 17, 2006, the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation entered an order transferring In re General Motors Corporation Securities Litigation to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan for coordinated or consolidated pretrial proceedings with Stein v. Bowles, et al.; Rosen, et al. v. General Motors Corp., et al.; Gluckstern v. Wagoner, et al.; and Orr v. Wagoner, et al. (while the motion was pending, plaintiffs voluntarily dismissed Rosen). In October 2007, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan appointed a special master for the purpose of facilitating settlement negotiations in the consolidated case, now captioned In re General Motors Corporation Securities and Derivative Litigation.


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GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
 
Bondholder Class Actions
On November 29, 2005, Stanley Zielezienski filed a purported class action, Zielezienski, et al. v. General Motors, et al. The action was filed in the Circuit Court for Palm Beach County, Florida, against GM; GMAC; GM Chairman and Chief Executive Officer G. Richard Wagoner, Jr.; GMAC Chairman Eric A. Feldstein; and certain GM and GMAC officers, namely, William F. Muir, Linda K. Zukauckas, Richard J. S. Clout, John E. Gibson, W. Allen Reed, Walter G. Borst, John M. Devine, and Gary L. Cowger. The action also names certain underwriters of GMAC debt securities as defendants. The complaint alleges that defendants violated Section 11 of the Securities Act and, with respect to all defendants except GM, Section 12(a)(2) of the Securities Act. The complaint also alleges that GM violated Section 15 of the Securities Act. In particular, the complaint alleges material misrepresentations in certain GMAC financial statements incorporated by reference with GMAC’s 2003 Form S-3 Registration Statement and Prospectus. More specifically, the complaint alleges material misrepresentations in connection with the offering for sale of GMAC SmartNotes in certain GMAC financial statements contained in GMAC’s Forms 10-Q for the quarterly periods ended in March 31, 2004, and June 30, 2004, and the Form 8-K, which disclosed financial results for the quarterly period ended in September 30, 2004, were materially false and misleading as evidenced by GMAC’s 2005 restatement of these quarterly results. In December 2005, the plaintiff filed an amended complaint making substantially the same allegations as were in the previous filing with respect to additional debt securities issued by GMAC during the period April 23, 2004–March 14, 2005, and adding approximately 60 additional underwriters as defendants. The complaint does not specify the amount of damages sought, and the defendants have no means to estimate damages the plaintiffs will seek based upon the limited information available in the complaint. On January 6, 2006, defendants named in the original complaint removed this case to the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida, and on April 3, 2006, that court transferred the case to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan.
 
On December 28, 2005, J&R Marketing, SEP, filed a purported class action, J&R Marketing, et al. v. General Motors Corporation, et al. The action was filed in the Circuit Court for Wayne County, Michigan, against GM; GMAC; GM Chairman and Chief Executive Officer G. Richard Wagoner, Jr.; GMAC Chairman Eric A. Feldstein; William F. Muir; Linda K. Zukauckas; Richard J. S. Clout; John E. Gibson; W. Allen Reed; Walter G. Borst; John M. Devine; Gary L. Cowger; and several underwriters of GMAC debt securities. Similar to the original complaint filed in the Zielezienski case described above, the complaint alleges claims under Sections 11, 12(a), and 15 of the Securities Act based on alleged material misrepresentations or omissions in the Registration Statements for GMAC SmartNotes purchased between September 30, 2003, and March 16, 2005, inclusive. The complaint alleges inadequate disclosure of GM’s financial condition and performance as well as issues arising from GMAC’s 2005 restatement of quarterly results for the three quarters ended September 30, 2005. The complaint does not specify the amount of damages sought, and the defendants have no means to estimate damages the plaintiffs will seek based upon the limited information available in the complaint. On January 13, 2006, defendants removed this case to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan.
 
On February 17, 2006, Alex Mager filed a purported class action, Mager v. General Motors Corporation, et al. The action was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan and is substantively identical to the J&R Marketing case described above. On February 24, 2006, J&R Marketing filed a motion to consolidate the Mager case with its case (discussed above) and for appointment as lead plaintiff and the appointment of lead counsel. On March 8, 2006, the court entered an order consolidating the two cases and subsequently consolidated those cases with the Zielezienski case described above. Lead plaintiffs’ counsel has been appointed, and on July 28, 2006, plaintiffs filed a Consolidated Amended Complaint, differing mainly from the initial complaints by asserting claims for GMAC debt securities purchased during a different period, of July 28, 2003, through November 9, 2005, and added additional underwriter defendants. On August 28, 2006, the underwriter defendants were dismissed without prejudice.
 
On September 25, 2006, the GM and GMAC defendants filed a motion to dismiss the Consolidated Amended Complaint in these cases filed by J&R Marketing, Zielezienski, and Mager. On February 27, 2007, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan issued an opinion granting Defendants’ motion to dismiss and dismissing Plaintiffs’ complaint in these consolidated cases. The plaintiffs have appealed this order, and oral argument on the plaintiffs’ appeal was held on February 7, 2008. Under the terms of the Sale Transactions, GM is indemnifying GMAC in connection with these cases.
 


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GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
 
Item 4.  Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders
 
The following matters were submitted to a vote of GMAC security holders during the fourth quarter of 2007:
 
  Effective November 1, 2007, the holders of GMAC’s Class A and Class B Common Equity Interests approved by joint unanimous written consent Amendment No. 3 to the Operating Agreement, which is filed as Exhibit 3.2 to our Form 10-Q for the third quarter ended September 30, 2007 (filed with the SEC on November 7, 2007).
 
  Effective December 13, 2007, the holders of GMAC’s Class A and Class B Common Equity Interests approved by joint unanimous written consent the waiver of GMAC’s obligation to deliver to its owners certain financial information as contemplated by Section 4.7 of the Operating Agreement. This waiver is only applicable for the year ended December 31, 2008.

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Part II
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
 
Item 5.  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
Membership Interests
Before the Sale Transactions, GMAC was a wholly owned subsidiary of GM, and, accordingly, there was no market for our common ownership interests. After the Sale Transactions, there continues to be no established trading market for our ownership interests as we are a privately held company. We currently have authorized and outstanding common membership interests consisting of 55,072 Class A Membership Interests (Class A Interests) and 52,912 Class B Membership Interests (Class B Interests), which have equal rights and preferences in our assets (Class A Interests and Class B Interests are collectively referred to as our Common Equity Interests). FIM Holdings owns all 55,072 Class A Interests (a 51% ownership interest in us); and GM, through wholly owned subsidiaries of GM, owns all 52,912 Class B Interests (a 49% ownership interest in us). In addition, we have authorized and outstanding 1,021,764 Preferred Membership Interests (Preferred Interests), all of which are held by GM Preferred Finance Co. Holdings Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of GM.
 
Effective November 1, 2007, FIM Holdings and GM Finance Co. Holdings LLC (GM Finance) executed an amendment to the GMAC Amended and Restated Limited Liability Company Operating Agreement (the Amendment) that resulted in certain modifications to GMAC’s capital structure. Prior to the Amendment, GMAC had authorized and outstanding 51,000 Class A Interests, all held by FIM Holdings, and 49,000 Class B Interests, all held by GM Finance. Prior to the Amendment, GMAC further had authorized and outstanding 2,110,000 Preferred Membership Interests, 555,000 of which were held by FIM Holdings (the Original FIM Preferred Interests), and 1,555,000 of which were held by GM Preferred Finance Co. Holdings Inc. (the Original GM Preferred Interests). The Amendment resulted in the conversion of 100% of the Original FIM Preferred Interests into 4,072 additional Class A Interests and the conversion of 533,236 of the Original GM Preferred Interests into 3,912 additional Class B Interests (collectively, the Conversions). Following the Conversions, FIM Holdings continues to hold 51% of GMAC’s Common Equity Interests, and GM Finance and GM Preferred Finance Co. Holdings Inc. collectively hold 49% of GMAC’s Common Equity Interests, as described above. The converted Preferred Interests have been deemed no longer issued and outstanding. All other terms and conditions related to the Common Equity Interests, and the remaining Preferred Interests remain unchanged. The Amendment is filed as Exhibit 3.2 to our Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2007.
 
We have further authorized 5,820 Class C Membership Interests (Class C Interests), which are deemed “profits interests” in GMAC and are held directly by GMAC Management LLC. Class C Interests may be issued from time to time pursuant to the GMAC Management LLC Class C Membership Interest Plan (the Class C Plan). The Class C Plan has been approved by FIM Holdings and GM Finance. As of December 31, 2007, 4,799 Class C Interests have been issued and are outstanding, and 1,021 Class C Interests remain available for future issuance. The features of the Class C Plan are described in more detail, beginning on page 97.
 
Distributions
We are required to make quarterly distributions to holders of the Preferred Interests. Distributions are made in cash on a pro rata basis no later than the tenth business day following the delivery of our quarterly and annual financial statements. Distributions are issued in units of $1,000 and accrue yield during each fiscal quarter at a rate of 10% per annum. Our Board of Managers (Board) is permitted to reduce any distribution to the extent required to avoid a reduction of the equity capital of GMAC below a minimum amount of equity capital equal to approximately $15.5 billion, which was our net book value as of November 30, 2006, as determined in accordance with GAAP (the Minimum Equity Amount). In addition, our Board may suspend the payment of distributions with respect to any one or more fiscal quarters with majority members’ consent. If distributions are not made with respect to any fiscal quarter, the distributions will be noncumulative and will be reduced to zero. If the accrued yield of the Preferred Interests for any fiscal quarter is fully paid to the preferred holders, then the excess of the net income of GMAC in any fiscal quarter over the amount of yield distributed to the holders of our Preferred Interests in such fiscal quarter will be distributed to the holders of our Common Equity Interests (Class A and Class B Interests) as follows: at least 40% of the excess will be paid for fiscal quarters ending prior to December 31, 2008, and at least 70% of the excess will be paid for fiscal quarters ending after December 31, 2008. In this event, distribution priorities are to Common Equity Interest holders first, up to the agreed upon amounts, and then ratably to holders of our Class A, Class B, and Class C membership interest holders based on the total interest of each such holder.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2007, there were no distributions on our Common Equity Interests, and $192 million of distributions accrued for our Preferred Interests. Preferred Membership distributions for the quarters ending March 31, 2007 and September 30, 2007 (total of $106 million in distributions) were made when our equity was below the Minimum Equity Amount, and as a result, approval of the independent managers of the Board was obtained for these distributions. In addition, prior to the Sale Transactions we paid cash and noncash dividends to GM of $9.7 billion in 2006 and cash dividends of $2.5 billion in 2005.


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GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
 
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
 
The selected historical financial information set forth below should be read in conjunction with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, our consolidated financial statements, and the notes to consolidated financial statements. The historical financial information presented may not be indicative of our future performance.
 
                                         
As of or for the year ended December 31, ($ in millions)   2007     2006     2005     2004     2003  
 
 
Total financing revenue
    $21,187       $23,103       $21,312       $20,324       $18,211  
Interest expense
    14,776       15,560       13,106       9,659       7,948  
Depreciation expense on operating lease assets
    4,915       5,341       5,244       4,828       5,001  
 
 
Net financing revenue
    1,496       2,202       2,962       5,837       5,262  
Total other revenue (a)
    10,303       12,620       11,955       9,868       9,538  
 
 
Total net revenue
    11,799       14,822       14,917       15,705       14,800  
Provision for credit losses
    3,096       2,000       1,074       1,953       1,721  
Impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets (b)
    455       840       712              
Total noninterest expense
    10,190       9,754       9,652       9,496       9,209  
 
 
Income (loss) before income tax expense
    (1,942 )     2,228       3,479       4,256       3,870  
Income tax expense (c)
    390       103       1,197       1,362       1,364  
 
 
Net income (loss)
    ($2,332 )     $2,125       $2,282       $2,894       $2,506  
Dividends paid to GM (d)
    $—       $9,739       $2,500       $1,500       $1,000  
Preferred interests dividends
    $192       $21       $—       $—       $—  
Total assets
    $247,710       $287,439       $320,557       $324,042       $288,019  
Total debt
    $193,148       $236,985       $254,698       $268,997       $238,760  
Preferred interests (e)
    $—       $2,195       $—       $—       $—  
Total equity (f)
    $15,565       $14,369       $21,685       $22,436       $20,273  
(a) Amount includes realized capital gains of $1.1 billion for the year ended December 31, 2006, primarily related to the rebalancing of our investment portfolio at our Insurance operations, which occurred during the fourth quarter.
(b) Relates to goodwill and other intangible asset impairments taken at ResCap in 2007, our Commercial Finance Group operating segment in 2006 and 2005, and our former commercial mortgage operations in 2005.
(c) Effective November 28, 2006, GMAC, along with certain of its U.S. subsidiaries, converted to limited liability companies (LLCs) and became pass-through entities for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Our conversion to an LLC resulted in a change in tax status and the elimination of a $791 million net deferred tax liability through income tax expense.
(d) Amount includes cash dividends of $4.8 billion and noncash dividends of $4.9 billion in 2006. During the fourth quarter of 2006, in connection with the Sale Transactions, GMAC made $7.8 billion of dividends to GM which consisted of the following: (i) a cash dividend of $2.7 billion representing a one-time distribution to GM primarily to reflect the increase in GMAC’s equity resulting from the elimination of a portion of our net deferred tax liabilities arising from the conversion of GMAC and certain of our subsidiaries to limited liability companies, (ii) certain assets with respect to automotive leases owned by GMAC and its affiliates having a net book value of approximately $4.0 billion and related deferred tax liabilities of $1.8 billion, (iii) certain Michigan properties with a carrying value of approximately $1.2 billion to GM, (iv) intercompany receivables from GM related to tax attributes of $1.1 billion, (v) net contingent tax assets of $491 million, and (vi) other miscellaneous transactions.
(e) 2006 amount represents the redemption value of the preferred interests issued in November 2006 and held by GM and a wholly owned subsidiary of GM of $1,555 million and FIM Holdings of $555 million, related accrued dividends of $21 million, and redemption premium in excess of face value of $64 million. Effective November 1, 2007, FIM Holdings and GM executed an amendment to the GMAC Amended and Restated Limited Liability Operating Agreement that resulted in the conversion of 100% of the original FIM preferred interests and a portion of the original GM preferred interests into additional common equity interests. As a result of the conversion, the remaining GM preferred interests were reclassified from mezzanine equity to permanent equity. Refer to Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.
(f) 2007 amount includes $1,052 million of preferred interests held by GM. Refer to Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Overview
 
The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A) contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results may differ materially from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements. For a discussion of important risk factors that could cause actual results to differ, see the discussion under the heading Risk Factors beginning on page 5. The following section is qualified in its entirety by the more detailed information, including our financial statements and the notes thereto, which appear elsewhere in this Annual Report.
 
Background
GMAC is a leading, independent, globally diversified, financial services firm with approximately $248 billion of assets at December 31, 2007, and operations in approximately 40 countries. Founded in 1919 as a wholly owned subsidiary of General Motors Corporation, GMAC was established to provide GM dealers with the automotive financing necessary to acquire and maintain vehicle inventories and to provide retail customers the means by which to finance vehicle purchases through GM dealers.
 
Our products and services have expanded beyond automotive financing as we currently operate in the following primary lines of business — Automotive Finance, Mortgage (Residential Capital, LLC or ResCap), and Insurance. The following table summarizes the operating results of each line of business for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006, and 2005. Operating results for each of the lines of business are more fully described in the MD&A sections that follow.
                                         
                2007-2006
  2006-2005
Year ended December 31, ($ in millions)   2007   2006   2005   % change   % change
 
 
Total net revenue
                                       
Automotive Finance
    $4,955       $4,361     $ 4,375       14        
ResCap
    1,676       4,318       4,860       (61 )     (11 )
Insurance
    4,902       5,616       4,259       (13 )     32  
Other
    266       527       1,423       (50 )     (63 )
                 
                 
Net income (loss)
                                       
Automotive Finance
    $1,485       $1,243     $ 1,153       19       8  
ResCap
    (4,346 )     705       1,021       n/m       (31 )
Insurance
    459       1,127       417       (59 )     170  
Other
    70       (950 )     (309 )     107       (207 )
n/m  = not meaningful
 
  Our Global Automotive Finance operations offer a wide range of financial services and products (directly and indirectly) to retail automotive consumers, automotive dealerships, and other commercial businesses. Our Global Automotive Finance operations consist of two separate reportable segments — North American Automotive Finance operations and International Automotive Finance operations. The products and services offered by our Global Automotive Finance operations include the purchase of retail installment sales contracts and leases, offering of term loans, dealer floor plan financing and other lines of credit to dealers, fleet leasing, and vehicle remarketing services. Whereas most of our operations focus on prime automotive financing to and through GM or GM-affiliated dealers, our Nuvell operations, which is part of our North American Automotive Finance operations, focuses on nonprime automotive financing to GM-affiliated dealers. Our Nuvell operation also provides private-label automotive financing. Our National operations, which is also part of our North American Automotive Finance operations, focuses on prime and nonprime financing to non-GM dealers. In addition, our Global Automotive Finance operations utilize asset securitization and whole-loan sales as a critical component of our diversified funding strategy. The Funding and Liquidity and the Off-balance Sheet Arrangements sections of this MD&A provide additional information about the securitization and whole-loan sale activities of our Global Automotive Finance operations.
 
  Our ResCap operations engage in the origination, purchase, servicing, sale, and securitization of consumer (i.e., residential) mortgage loans and mortgage-related products (e.g., real estate services). Typically, mortgage loans are originated and sold to investors in the secondary market, including securitization transactions in which the assets are


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
legally sold but are accounted for as secured financings. Certain agreements are in place between ResCap and us that restrict ResCap’s ability to declare dividends or prepay subordinated indebtedness owed to us as well as inhibit our ability to return funds for dividend and debt payments. In March 2005, we transferred ownership of GMAC Residential and GMAC-RFC to a newly formed, wholly owned, subsidiary holding company, ResCap. For additional information, please refer to ResCap’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2006, filed separately with the SEC, which report is not deemed incorporated into any of our filings under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act.
 
As part of this transfer of ownership, certain agreements were put in place between ResCap and us that restrict ResCap’s ability to declare dividends or prepay subordinated indebtedness owed to us.
 
  Our Insurance operations offer vehicle service contracts and underwrite personal automobile insurance coverage (ranging from preferred to nonstandard risks), homeowners’ insurance coverage, and selected commercial insurance and reinsurance coverage. We are a leading provider of vehicle service contracts with mechanical breakdown and maintenance coverages. Our vehicle service contracts offer vehicle owners and lessees mechanical repair protection and roadside assistance for new and used vehicles beyond the manufacturer’s new vehicle warranty. We underwrite and market nonstandard, standard, and preferred-risk physical damage and liability insurance coverages for passenger automobiles, motorcycles, recreational vehicles, and commercial automobiles through independent agency, direct response, and internet channels. Additionally, we market private-label insurance through a long-term agency relationship with Homesite Insurance, a national provider of home insurance products. We provide commercial insurance, primarily covering dealers’ wholesale vehicle inventory, and reinsurance products. Internationally, ABA Seguros provides certain commercial business insurance exclusively in Mexico.
 
  Other operations consist of our Commercial Finance Group, an equity investment in Capmark (our former commercial mortgage operations), corporate activities, and reclassifications and eliminations between the reportable segments. Certain financial data related to corporate intercompany activities were recast from our North American Automotive Finance operations operating segment to our Other operating segment. Refer to Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional details regarding the change in segment information.


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
 
Consolidated Results of Operations
The following table summarizes our consolidated operating results for the periods shown. Refer to the operating segment sections for a more complete discussion of operating results by line of business.
 
                                         
                2007-2006
  2006-2005
Year ended December 31, ($ in millions)   2007   2006   2005   % change   % change
 
 
Revenue
                                       
Total financing revenue
    $21,187       $23,103       $21,312       (8 )     8  
Interest expense
    14,776       15,560       13,106       (5 )     19  
Depreciation expense on operating lease assets
    4,915       5,341       5,244       (8 )     2  
                 
                 
Net financing revenue
    1,496       2,202       2,962       (32 )     (26 )
Other revenue
                                       
Net loan servicing income
    1,649       770       922       114       (16 )
Insurance premiums and service revenue earned
    4,378       4,183       3,762       5       11  
Gain on sale of loans, net
    508       1,470       1,656       (65 )     (11 )
Investment income
    473       2,143       1,216       (78 )     76  
Gains on sale of equity-method investments, net
          411             n/m       n/m  
Other income
    3,295       3,643       4,399       (10 )     (17 )
                 
                 
Total other revenue
    10,303       12,620       11,955       (18 )     6  
Total net revenue
    11,799       14,822       14,917       (20 )     (1 )
Provision for credit losses
    3,096       2,000       1,074       55       86  
Noninterest expense
                                       
Insurance losses and loss adjustment expenses
    2,451       2,420       2,355       1       3  
Other operating expenses
    7,739       7,334       7,297       6       1  
Impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets
    455       840       712       (46 )     18  
                 
                 
Total noninterest expense
    10,645       10,594       10,364             2  
Income (loss) before income tax expense
    (1,942 )     2,228       3,479       (187 )     (36 )
Income tax expense
    390       103       1,197       279       (91 )
                 
                 
Net income (loss)
    ($2,332 )     $2,125       $2,282       (210 )     (7 )
n/m=not meaningful
 
2007 Compared to 2006
We reported a net loss of $2.3 billion for the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to net income of $2.1 billion in 2006. These results reflect the adverse effects of the continued disruption in the mortgage, housing, and capital markets on ResCap and lower levels of realized capital gains by our Insurance operations, which more than offset the continued strong performance in our Global Automotive Finance operations. ResCap results were adversely affected by domestic economic conditions, including delinquency increases in the mortgage loans held for investment portfolio and a significant deterioration in the securitization and residential housing markets. ResCap was also affected by a downturn in certain foreign mortgage and capital markets. The disruption of the mortgage, housing, and capital markets has contributed to a lack of liquidity, depressed asset valuations, additional loss provisions related to credit deterioration, and lower production levels.
 
Total financing revenue decreased by 8% during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006, due to decreases experienced by ResCap because of declines in mortgage loan asset balances, lower warehouse lending balances, and an increase in nonaccrual loans due to higher delinquency rates. Mortgage loan asset balances decreased due to lower loan production, continued portfolio run-off, and the deconsolidation of $27.4 billion in ResCap securitization trusts. In addition, our North American Automotive Finance operations experienced decreases in consumer finance revenue due to lower retail asset levels, as a result of increased securitization and whole-loan sale activity as the business has moved to an originate-to-distribute model. Operating lease income declined 7% during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006, due to a reduction in our operating lease portfolio that was primarily driven by the transfer of operating lease assets to GM during November 2006, as part of the Sale Transactions. Similarly, depreciation expense on operating lease assets decreased 8% during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006, as a result of this reduction.
 
Interest expense decreased 5% during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. This reduction was primarily due to lower levels of outstanding debt as a result of lower asset balances due to increased securitizations and whole-loan sale activity and lower mortgage loan production levels. Additionally, the decrease is attributable to a favorable impact in 2007 of mark-to-market adjustments on certain


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
cancelable swaps, which hedge callable debt. The decrease was also due to the absence of a 2006 debt tender offer in our North American Automotive Finance operations, which resulted in a $225 million pretax charge in 2006.
 
Net loan servicing income increased 114% during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. This increase was attributable to positive results in hedging activity and an increase in the average size of the mortgage servicing rights portfolio at ResCap. The increase in the average servicing portfolio resulted in an increase in servicing fees of $206.7 million. Increased asset securitization activity and whole-loan sales by our North American Automotive Finance operations also contributed to the increase in comparison with 2006 levels.
 
Insurance premiums and service revenue increased 5% during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. The increase was primarily due to growth internationally, both organically and through the second quarter acquisition of Provident Insurance, and higher earnings in the extended service contract business. The increase was partially offset by challenging pricing conditions in the domestic personal insurance and reinsurance businesses.
 
The net gain on sale of loans was $508 million for the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to $1.5 billion for the year ended December 31, 2006. The decrease was primarily attributable to the decline in the fair value of mortgage loans held for sale and obligations to fund mortgage loans due to lower investor demand and lack of domestic and foreign market liquidity adversely affecting ResCap. As a result, the pricing for various loan product types deteriorated, as investor uncertainty remained high concerning the performance of these loans. These trends were partially offset by a $526 million gain on the sale of residual cash flows related to the deconsolidation of $27.4 billion in ResCap securitization trusts. The decrease was also offset by higher gains realized by our North American Automotive Finance operations due to an increase in securitization and whole-loan sale activity and improved sale margins as a result of the stable-to-declining interest rate environment.
 
Investment income was $473 million for the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to $2.1 billion in 2006. The decrease is primarily due to a $980 million decrease in realized capital gains within our Insurance operations as a result of rebalancing the portfolio in late 2006. Additionally, the decrease was due to the decline in the fair value of retained interests held by ResCap through off-balance sheet securitizations, resulting from increasing credit loss, discount rate, and prepayment speed assumptions associated with the stress in the domestic and foreign mortgage markets.
 
The decrease in gain on sale of equity-method investments, net, relates to a gain on sale of ResCap’s equity investment in a regional homebuilder during the year ended December 31, 2006. We realized no similar gain in 2007.
 
Other income decreased 10% during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. The decline was due to a reduction in loans to GM in connection with the Sale Transactions, lower lending balances from Capmark as a result of the sale of 79% of the business in 2006. The decrease was also driven by increased impairment charges on land contracts and model homes, a loss on model home sales, lower equity income, and a decrease in fee income due to decreased mortgage loan production. The decrease was partially offset by a $563 million gain recognized on debt retirements.
 
The provision for credit losses increased 55% during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. The increase was driven by the continued deterioration in the domestic housing market, which resulted in higher loss severity and frequency, lower home prices, and higher delinquencies at ResCap. Our provision for the automotive finance business remained unchanged as decreases in our North American operations were offset by increases in our International operations. The provision decreased for our North American operations because of lower on-balance sheet consumer receivables. Lower balance sheet receivable levels were due to lower production levels, compared to 2006 levels, and the sale or securitization of $26.9 billion of consumer finance receivables during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to $22.5 billion during 2006. The decrease was more than offset by an increase in allowance coverage rates for our North American operations, as a result of deterioration in the credit performance and an increase for our International operations due to increases in the size of our portfolio, particularly in Latin America.
 
Insurance losses and loss adjustment expenses remained relatively flat during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. The slight increase was primarily due to our international operations, including the Provident Insurance acquisition and organic growth in other businesses. The increase was partially offset by lower loss experience in our U.S. extended service contract and personal insurance businesses driven by lower volumes and lower weather-related losses affecting our reinsurance business.
 
The goodwill impairment charge of $455 million during the year ended December 31, 2007, was the result of the impairment of goodwill at our ResCap business in the third quarter of 2007 as a result of certain triggering events including credit downgrades and losses for the business. Refer to Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for more details. We recorded a charge of $840 million during the year ended December 31, 2006, relating to the


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
impairment of goodwill and intangible assets at our Commercial Finance operations.
 
Income tax expense was $390 million during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to $103 million in 2006. In 2006, certain of our unregulated U.S. subsidiaries became disregarded or pass-through entities for U.S. federal income tax purposes upon their conversion to LLCs. The conversion resulted in the one-time favorable elimination of a net deferred tax liability of $791 million through income tax expense. A similar benefit to income tax expense was absent from the 2007 results. Results for the year ended December 31, 2007, reflect the effect of our domestic subsidiaries generally not being taxed at the entity level resulting in our effective tax rate on a consolidated basis varying significantly, compared to 2006. The primary reason is that the majority of the net loss experienced at ResCap is attributed to its LLCs and no tax benefit for these losses are recorded. Excluding ResCap, the consolidated effective tax rate is approximately 17%, which represents the provision for taxes at our non-LLC subsidiaries combined with taxable income that is not subject to tax at our LLC subsidiaries. The effective tax rates applicable to our non-LLC subsidiaries remain comparable with 2006.
 
2006 Compared to 2005
We reported net income of $2.1 billion for the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to $2.3 billion in 2005. These results reflect record earnings in Insurance operations and continued growth in Global Automotive Finance operations that provided earnings support for our ResCap operations, which was adversely affected by a decline in the residential housing market and deterioration in the nonprime securitization market in the United States. Net income includes a one-time tax benefit of $791 million in 2006 from our conversion and that of several of our domestic subsidiaries to LLCs in connection with the November 2006 sale of a controlling investment in GMAC and noncash after-tax goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges of $695 million in 2006 related to our Commercial Finance business.
 
Total financing revenue increased by 8% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005. Consumer revenue increased 5% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005, due to growth in the consumer mortgage loan portfolio as well as increases in mortgage loan yields, driven by an increase in mortgage rates during 2006. Commercial revenue increased 16% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to the same period in 2005, primarily due to higher market interest rates as the majority of the commercial lending and mortgage-lending portfolio were of a floating-rate nature. Operating lease revenue increased 10% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005, due to an increase in the average size of our operating lease portfolio, despite the transfer of operating lease assets to GM during November 2006.
 
Interest expense increased by 19%, during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005, consistent with the overall increase in market interest rates during the year, but the increase was also reflective of the widening of our corporate credit spreads based on our credit rating.
 
Insurance premiums and service revenue earned increased by 11% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005. This increase was driven by the extended service contract line primarily due to premiums and revenue from a higher volume of contracts written in prior years. Growth in domestic consumer products from the acquisition of MEEMIC Insurance Services Corporation (MEEMIC), a consumer products business that offers automobile and homeowners insurance in the Midwest, was partially offset by a decline in existing business due to a competitive domestic environment.
 
Investment income increased 76% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005. The increase was primarily attributable to higher realized capital gains of approximately $900 million, as well as increased interest and dividend income due to higher average portfolio balances throughout the majority of 2006 from our Insurance operations. The increased capital gains resulted primarily from the rebalancing of the investment portfolio in the fourth quarter of 2006, reducing the level of equity holdings from approximately 30% of the portfolio to less than 10%, reducing the level of investment leverage, and freeing up capital for growth and dividends.
 
Gains on sale of equity-method investments, net, primarily represented the sale of ResCap’s equity investment in a regional homebuilder, which resulted in a gain of $415 million ($259 million after-tax). Other income decreased 17% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005, as a result of a decrease in our net loan servicing income, primarily as a result of servicing asset valuation adjustments related to our ResCap operations as well as decreases resulting from our sale of approximately 79% of the former commercial mortgage business during 2006.
 
The provision for credit losses increased 86% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005. The increase was primarily the result of higher loss severity trends at ResCap, which was attributable to general economic conditions including slower home price appreciation and deterioration in nonprime credit performance (including increases in nonprime delinquencies).


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
Insurance losses and loss adjustment expenses increased 3% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005. The increase was primarily driven by the acquisition of MEEMIC and growth in the domestic assumed reinsurance and international consumer products businesses. This increase was partially offset by favorable loss trends experienced in the domestic and international extended service contract product lines.
 
Impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets increased 18% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005, as a result of higher impairment charges recorded by our Commercial Finance Group. During 2006, we were able to contain our other expenses, which remained relatively flat compared to 2005.
 
Income tax expense was $103 million for the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to $1.2 billion in 2005. The change was primarily a result of our conversion to an LLC during 2006 that resulted in an income tax benefit of $791 million.
 
Outlook
While future market conditions remain uncertain, we expect to continue to mitigate risk, rationalize the cost structure, and pursue growth opportunities. The following summarizes the key business issues for our operations in 2008:
 
  Automotive Finance — In 2008, we expect a weak economic environment caused by higher energy prices and a deteriorating housing market that is likely to exert pressure on our consumer automotive finance customers resulting in higher delinquencies, repossessions, and losses compared to 2007. This will not only impact the financing margins and market valuations on our owned portfolio, but also impact the profit margins we recognize for sold assets through lower gains on sales. Credit performance in our commercial portfolios could also worsen in 2008 as more dealers experience financial distress as a result of declining profitability and lower anticipated industry and GM sales volumes. Pressure on GM sales could also adversely affect our origination volumes for both the consumer and commercial portfolios. In addition, our uncompetitive cost of borrowings could result in a lower penetration of GM volumes and negatively impact our ability to expand our presence in non-GM dealer networks.
 
We actively manage our credit risk and believe that as of December 31, 2007, we are appropriately reserved for estimated losses incurred in the portfolios. However, a negative change in economic factors (particularly in the U.S. economy) could adversely affect our future earnings. As many of our credit exposures are collateralized by vehicles, the severity of losses is particularly sensitive to a decline in used vehicle prices, which can also adversely affect residual values in our lease portfolio. In addition, the overall frequency of losses would be negatively influenced by deterioration in macroeconomic factors, which, in addition to those noted above, include higher unemployment rates and bankruptcy filings (both consumer and commercial).
 
  ResCap — In 2008, if the domestic and international market economic conditions persist, the unfavorable impacts on our residential mortgage operations may continue. These domestic economic conditions include declining home appreciation and, in some areas, a decline in home prices, a significant deterioration in the nonprime securitization market, and a significant increase in nonprime delinquencies. The economic conditions will result in our residential mortgage operations having lower net interest margin, higher provision for loan losses, lower gain on sale margins and loan production, real estate investment impairments, and reduced gains on dispositions of real estate acquired through foreclosure.
 
We are exposed to valuation and credit risk on the portfolio of residential mortgage loans held for sale and held for investment, as well as on the interests retained from our securitization activities of these asset classes. In addition, we are exposed to credit risk in our asset-based lending business. Credit losses in our consumer portfolio are influenced by general business and economic conditions of the industries and countries in which we operate. We actively manage our credit risk and believe that as of December 31, 2007, we are appropriately reserved for estimated losses incurred in the portfolios. However, a negative change in economic factors (particularly in the U.S. economy) could adversely affect our 2008 earnings. As many of our credit exposures are collateralized by homes, the severity of losses is particularly sensitive to a decline in residential home prices. In addition, the overall frequency of losses would be negatively influenced by an increase in macroeconomic factors, such as unemployment rates and bankruptcy filings.
 
  Insurance — In 2008, we expect to have positive underwriting results and a stable investment portfolio. We will continue to aggressively pursue growth in both the domestic and international markets in all product lines through examining viable organic growth initiatives and strategic acquisitions.
 
Our extended service product line is dependent upon new vehicle market sales and vehicle quality. Due to our relationship with GM, we are particularly sensitive to changes in its market share and quality. Forecasts anticipate that GM’s new vehicle sales will be lower in 2008. We expect to mitigate the impact through the


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
offering of diversified products. We continue to expect a competitive pricing environment in our domestic consumer products in 2008. Extraordinary weather conditions can have a large impact on underwriting results in our consumer and automobile dealership physical damage products. We mitigate our potential loss exposure through active management of claim settlement activities and believe we are appropriately reserved for unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses as of December 31, 2007.
 
We expect to have a stable earnings stream from our investment portfolio due to a high allocation of assets in fixed income securities. Due to an anticipated declining interest rate environment, we expect a slight decrease in our fixed asset interest-income-earnings for maturing securities. The performance of our portfolio is dependent upon investment market prices and other underlying factors.
 
  Funding and liquidity — Our ability to fund our Global Automotive Finance and ResCap operations in a cost-efficient manner is a key component of our profitability. During the second half of 2007, the mortgage and capital markets experienced significant stress which translated into significant increases in the cost of new funding. Currently the cost of funding in the unsecured markets is prohibitive while secured funding costs reflect the fact that investors are more cautious in today’s market environment. It is against this backdrop that we continue our ongoing practice of exercising prudent liquidity and capital management. We remain very focused on our liquidity position, and it remains our highest priority. Therefore, despite the funding cost increases we are experiencing, we continue to move forward with our funding plan and access the public markets for automotive-related asset-backed securities, as well as work to extend key facilities. Refer to the Funding and Liquidity section in this MD&A for further discussion.


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
 
Global Automotive Finance Operations
 
Results of Operations
The following table summarizes the operating results of our Global Automotive Finance operations for the periods shown. The amounts presented are before the elimination of balances and transactions with our other reportable segments and include eliminations of balances and transactions among our North American operations and International operations reportable segments.
 
                                         
                      2007-2006
    2006-2005
 
Year ended December 31, ($ in millions)   2007     2006     2005     % change     % change  
 
 
Revenue
                                       
Consumer
    $5,334       $5,681       $6,550       (6 )     (13 )
Commercial
    1,743       1,602       1,431       9       12  
Loans held for sale
    143                   n/m        
Operating leases
    7,217       7,735       7,022       (7 )     10  
               
Total financing revenue
    14,437       15,018       15,003       (4 )      
Interest expense
    8,610       9,216       9,310       (7 )     (1 )
Depreciation expense on operating lease assets
    4,913       5,328       5,235       (8 )     2  
               
Net financing revenue
    914       474       458       93       3  
Other revenue
                                       
Servicing fees
    403       270       122       49       121  
Gain on sale of loans, net
    840       537       455       56       18  
Investment income
    422       399       214       6       86  
Other income
    2,376       2,681       3,126       (11 )     (14 )
               
Total other revenue
    4,041       3,887       3,917       4       (1 )
Total net revenue
    4,955       4,361       4,375       14        
Provision for credit losses
    510       510       415             23  
Noninterest expense
    2,732       2,679       2,234       2       20  
               
Income before income tax expense (benefit)
    1,713       1,172       1,726       46       (32 )
Income tax expense (benefit)
    228       (71 )     573       n/m       (112 )
Net income
    $1,485       $1,243       $1,153       19       8  
               
Total assets
    $161,364       $134,603       $156,153       20       (14 )
n/m = not meaningful
 
2007 Compared to 2006
Net income increased to $1.5 billion for the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to $1.2 billion for 2006. North American operations benefited during the year ended December 31, 2007, from lower interest expense and higher gains on sales and servicing fee income due to an acceleration of our transition to an originate-to-distribute model in the United States, which resulted in higher levels of off-balance sheet securitizations and whole-loan sales.
 
Total financing revenue decreased 4% for the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. The decrease in consumer revenue resulted from a reduction in retail asset levels in our North American operations since December 31, 2006, due to increased securitization and whole-loan sales activity. Operating lease revenue (along with the related depreciation expense) decreased due to a reduction of our operating lease portfolio that was primarily caused by the transfer of approximately $12.6 billion of net operating lease assets to GM during November 2006, as part of the Sale Transactions. These decreases in financing revenue in our North American operations during the year ended December 31, 2007, were partially offset by improved results in our International operations that were driven by growth in the loan and lease portfolio and favorable foreign currency exchange rate movements.
 
Interest expense decreased 7% for the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. The reduction was primarily due to lower levels of unsecured debt as a result of a shift to secured and off-balance sheet funding sources and the absence of a debt tender offer in 2007. The year ended December 31, 2006, includes the earnings impact of a $1 billion debt tender offer to repurchase certain deferred interest debentures that resulted in a pretax unfavorable impact of $225 million. Additionally, the decrease is attributable to a favorable impact in 2007 of mark-to-market


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
adjustments on certain cancelable swaps, which hedge callable debt. The 2006 mark-to-market adjustments were unfavorable due to movement in the benchmark forward yield curve and the inability to apply hedge accounting. The decrease was partially offset by unfavorable foreign currency adjustments in our International operations.
 
Net gain on sale of loans increased 56% for year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. The increase was primarily a result of an increase in whole-loan and off-balance sheet securitization activity by our North American operations. For the year ended December 31, 2007, our North American operations executed approximately $26.9 billion in whole-loan and off-balance sheet securitization transactions, compared to $22.5 billion during 2006. Additionally, the gain on sale margins improved as a result of the stable-to-declining interest rate environment and servicing fees increased 49% as a result of the growth in the off-balance sheet portion of the serviced portfolio. Refer to the Funding and Liquidity section of this MD&A for further discussion.
 
Investment income increased 6% during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. The increase was primarily due to an increase in the average balance of investment securities, driven by higher levels of retained and residual interests in off-balance sheet securitized assets.
 
Other income decreased 11% for the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006, due to lower revenue on intercompany loans due to the reduction in loans to GM in connection with the Sale Transactions and lower intercompany lending levels with our other operating segments. In addition, a decrease in the average balance of cash and cash equivalents during the year ended December 31, 2007, resulted in lower interest income.
 
Our provision for credit losses remained unchanged during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. The provision decreased for our North American operations due to lower on-balance sheet consumer receivables, consistent with our acceleration of the originate-to-distribute model. The decrease was partially offset by an increase in allowance coverage rates for our North American operations, as a result of deterioration in the credit performance during the second half of 2007, and an increase for our International operations due to an increase in the size of the portfolio, particularly in Latin America. Refer to Consumer Automotive Financing section of this MD&A for further discussion.
 
Noninterest expenses increased 2% for the year ended December 31, 2007 compared to 2006. The increase was primarily attributed to the first annual exclusivity fee of $75 million paid to GM in connection with our 10-year exclusivity right to U.S. subvented automotive consumer business.
 
Income tax expense was $228 million during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to an income tax benefit of $71 million in 2006. In 2006, certain of our unregulated U.S. subsidiaries became disregarded or pass-through entities for U.S. federal income tax purposes upon their conversion to an LLC. The election resulted in the one-time favorable elimination of a net deferred tax liability of $791 million through income tax expense in 2006. Due to our election to be treated as a disregarded or pass-through entity, a federal tax provision is no longer required for the majority of the U.S. Automotive Finance operations. In addition, the year ended December 31, 2007, includes the unfavorable impact of the establishment of an $89 million tax valuation allowance against certain deferred tax assets within our Canadian operations.
 
2006 Compared to 2005
Net income increased 8% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to the same period in 2005. Net income was positively affected by $383 million related to the write-off of certain net deferred tax liabilities as part of our conversion to an LLC during November 2006. Results for 2006 also include the earnings impact of a $1 billion debt tender offer to repurchase certain deferred interest debentures that resulted in an after-tax unfavorable impact of $135 million. Absent the impact of the tender offer and the write-off of certain deferred taxes, Automotive Finance net income decreased $158 million during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005.
 
Total automotive financing revenue was relatively flat during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005, as lower consumer revenue was offset by higher commercial and operating lease revenues in the North American operations. The decrease in consumer revenue was consistent with the reduction in consumer asset levels as a result of continued whole-loan sale activity. Consumer automotive finance receivables declined by $869 million, or 13%, during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005. The size of our commercial finance receivable portfolio during the year ended December 31, 2006, was relatively consistent with the same period of 2005. Commercial revenue increased approximately 12% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005, as a result of higher earning rates on the portfolio from an increase in market interest rates in 2006. Operating lease revenue and related depreciation expense increased 10% and 2%, respectively, during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005, consistent with the higher average size of the operating lease portfolio. The increase in the average portfolio is reflective of continued strong lease volumes in North American operations and higher average customer balances.


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
Interest expense decreased 1% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005. When excluding the 2006 unfavorable pretax impact of the debt tender offer, approximately $225 million, interest expense decreased approximately 3% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005. This decline in interest was mainly due to the decrease in our debt balance, which was partially offset by higher market interest rates.
 
Our servicing fee income increased 121% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005. The increase was primarily related to the increase in our average serviced asset base. Investment income increased during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005. The increase was largely a result of higher short-term interest rates and asset balances during 2006 versus 2005. In addition, noninterest expenses increased due to an overall decline in operating lease remarketing results because of a softening in used vehicle prices and an overall decrease in lease termination volume.
 
The provision for credit losses primarily increased during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005, as a result of deterioration in the credit performance of the consumer portfolio of our North American operations, as a result of increased loss frequency and severity.
 
Total income tax expense decreased by $644 million during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005, primarily due to our conversion to an LLC. A decline in pretax income for the 2006 year, lower Canadian corporate and provincial tax rates, and the elimination of the Large Corporation Tax in Canada in 2006 also contributed to the decline.
 
Before the Sale Transactions, we distributed to GM certain assets with respect to automotive leases owned by us and our affiliates having a net book value of $4.0 billion and related deferred tax liabilities of $1.8 billion. The distribution consisted of $12.6 billion of U.S. operating lease assets, $1.5 billion of restricted cash and miscellaneous assets, and a $10.1 billion note payable.
 
Consumer Automotive Financing
We provide two basic types of financing for new and used vehicles: retail automotive contracts and automotive lease contracts. In most cases, we purchase retail contracts and leases for new and used vehicles from GM-affiliated dealers when the vehicles are purchased or leased by consumers. In a number of markets outside the United States, we are a direct lender to the consumer. Our consumer automotive financing operations generate revenue through finance charges or lease payments and fees paid by customers on the retail contracts and leases. In connection with lease contracts, we also recognize a gain or loss on the remarketing of the vehicle. For purposes of discussion in this section of the MD&A, the loans related to our automotive lending activities are referred to as retail contracts.
 
The amount we pay a dealer for a retail contract is based on the negotiated purchase price of the vehicle and any other products, such as extended service contracts, less any vehicle trade-in value and any down payment from the consumer. Under the retail contract, the consumer is obligated to make payments in an amount equal to the purchase price of the vehicle (less any trade-in or down payment) plus finance charges at a rate negotiated between the consumer and the dealer. In addition, the consumer is also responsible for charges related to past due payments. When we purchase the contract, it is normal business practice for the dealer to retain some portion of the finance charge as income for the dealership. Our agreements with dealers place a limit on the amount of the finance charges they are entitled to retain. Although we do not own the vehicles we finance through retail contracts, we hold a perfected security interest in those vehicles.
 
With respect to consumer leasing, we purchase leases (and the associated vehicles) from dealerships. The purchase prices of the consumer leases are based on the negotiated price for the vehicle, less any vehicle trade-in and any down payment from the consumer. Under the lease, the consumer is obligated to make payments in amounts equal to the amount by which the negotiated purchase price of the vehicle (less any trade-in value or down payment) exceeds the projected residual value (including rate support) of the vehicle at lease termination, plus lease charges. The consumer is also responsible for charges related to past due payments, excess mileage, and excessive wear and tear. When the lease contract is entered into, we estimate the residual value of the leased vehicle at lease termination. We base our determination of the projected residual values on a guide published by an independent publisher of vehicle residual values, which is stated as a percentage of the manufacturer’s suggested retail price. These projected values may be upwardly adjusted as a marketing incentive, if GM or GMAC considers an above-market residual appropriate to encourage consumers to lease vehicles or for a low mileage lease program. Our standard leasing plan, SmartLease, requires a monthly payment by the consumer. We also offer an alternative leasing plan, SmartLease Plus that requires one up-front payment of all lease amounts at the time the consumer takes possession of the vehicle.
 
In addition to the SmartLease plans, we offer the SmartBuy plan through dealerships to consumers. SmartBuy combines certain features of a lease contract with those of a traditional retail contract. Under the SmartBuy plan, the customer pays regular monthly payments that are generally lower than would otherwise be owed under a traditional retail contract.


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
At the end of the contract, the customer has several options, including keeping the vehicle by making a final balloon payment or returning the vehicle to us and paying a disposal fee plus any applicable excess wear and excess mileage charges. Unlike a lease contract, during the course of a SmartBuy contract the customer owns the vehicle, and we hold a perfected security interest in the vehicle.
 
With respect to all financed vehicles, whether subject to a retail contract or a lease contract, we require that property damage insurance be obtained by the consumer. In addition, for lease contracts, we require that bodily injury and comprehensive and collision insurance be obtained by the consumer.
 
Consumer automotive finance retail revenue accounted for $5.3 billion, $5.7 billion, and $6.6 billion of our revenue in 2007, 2006, and 2005, respectively.
 
The following table summarizes our new and used vehicle consumer financing volume and our share of GM retail sales:
 
                                                       
    GMAC volume         Share of GM retail sales
Year ended December 31, (units in thousands)   2007   2006   2005         2007   2006   2005
Consumer automotive financing
                                                     
GM new vehicles
                                                     
North America
                                                     
Retail contracts
    852       973       984             27%       29%       27%  
Leases
    561       624       574             18%       19%       15%  
                           
                           
Total North America
    1,413       1,597       1,558             45%       48%       42%  
International (retail contracts and leases)
    571       532       525             23%       24%       26%  
                           
                           
Total GM new units financed
    1,984       2,129       2,083             35%       38%       36%  
                                                       
Used units financed
    504       373       463                                
Non-GM new units financed
    108       68       72                                
                           
                           
Total consumer automotive financing volume
    2,596       2,570       2,618                                
                         
 
Our consumer automotive financing volume and penetration levels are significantly influenced by the nature, timing, and extent of GM’s use of rate, residual, and other financing incentives for marketing purposes on consumer retail automotive contracts and leases. Our North American penetration levels in 2007 were lower than what was experienced in 2006, mainly due to certain consumer retail financing incentives offered in the third quarter of 2006 that resulted in significant increases in comparison to historical experience. Conversely, GM’s Employee Discount for Everyone marketing program, which was introduced in June 2005 and ran through September 2005, had a negative affect on our penetration levels in 2005. Although GM benefited from an increase in sales, our penetration levels decreased, as the program did not provide consumers with additional incentives to finance with us. Our International operations’ consumer penetration levels declined, primarily as a result of a reduction in GM incentives on new vehicles, as well as the inclusion of GM vehicle sales in China in the penetration calculation, where we commenced operations in late 2004.
 
GM Marketing Incentives
GM may elect to sponsor incentive programs (on both retail contracts and leases) by supporting financing rates below the standard market rates at which we purchase retail contracts. These marketing incentives are also referred to as rate support or subvention. When GM utilizes these marketing incentives, it pays us at contract inception the present value of the difference between the customer rate and our standard rates, which we defer and recognize as a yield adjustment over the life of the contract.
 
GM may also provide incentives, referred to as residual support, on leases. As previously mentioned, we bear a portion of the risk of loss to the extent the value of a leased vehicle upon remarketing is below the projected residual value of the vehicle at the time the lease contract is signed. However, these projected values may be upwardly adjusted as a marketing incentive, if GM considers an above-market residual appropriate to encourage consumers to lease vehicles. Such residual support by GM results in a lower monthly lease payment by the consumer. GM reimburses us to the extent remarketing sales proceeds are less than the residual value set forth in the lease contract. In addition to GM residual support, in some cases, GMAC may provide residual support on leases to further encourage consumers to lease certain vehicles.
 
In addition to the residual support arrangement, GM shares in residual risk on all off-lease vehicles sold at auction. Specifically, we and GM share a portion of the loss when resale proceeds fall below the standard residual values on vehicles sold at auction. GM reimburses us for a portion of


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
the difference between proceeds and the standard residual value (limited to a floor).
 
Under what we refer to as pull-ahead programs, consumers are encouraged to terminate leases early in conjunction with the acquisition of a new GM vehicle. As part of these programs, we waive all or a portion of the customer’s remaining payment obligation, and under most programs, GM compensates us for the foregone revenue from the waived payments. Additionally, since these programs generally accelerate our remarketing of the vehicle, the sale proceeds are typically higher than otherwise would have been realized had the vehicle been remarketed at lease contract maturity. Therefore, the reimbursement from GM for the foregone payments is reduced by the amount of this benefit.
 
In connection with the sale, we amended our risk-sharing agreement with GM. The new agreement applies to new lease contracts entered into after November 30, 2006. GM is responsible for risk sharing on returned lease vehicles in the United States and Canada whose resale proceeds are below standard residual values (limited to a floor). GM will also pay us a quarterly leasing payment in connection with the agreement beginning in the first quarter of 2009 and ending in the fourth quarter of 2014.
 
Additionally, we entered into an exclusivity agreement with GM where vehicle financing and leasing incentives are offered only through us for a 10-year period, which expires in November 2016. In connection with our right to use the “GMAC” name for a 10-year period also ending in November 2016 and for the exclusivity related to special financing and leasing incentives, we pay GM an annual fee of $105 million. We have the right to prepay these exclusivity fees to GM at any time.
 
The following table summarizes the percentage of our annual retail contracts and lease volume that includes GM-sponsored rate and residual incentives.
 
                 
Year ended December 31,   2007   2006   2005    
 
North America
  85%   90%   78%    
International
  42%   52%   53%    
 
Consumer Credit Approval
Before purchasing a retail contract or lease from the dealer, we perform a credit review based on information provided by the dealer. As part of this process we evaluate, among other things, the following factors:
 
  the consumer’s credit history, including any prior experience with us;
 
  the asset value of the vehicle and the amount of equity (down payment) in the vehicle; and
 
  the term of the retail contract or lease.
 
We use a proprietary credit scoring system to support this credit approval process and to manage the credit quality of the portfolio. We use credit scoring to differentiate expected default rates of credit applicants, enabling us to better evaluate credit applications for approval and to tailor the pricing and financing structure according to this assessment of credit risk. We periodically review our credit scoring models and update them for historical information and current trends. However, these actions by management do not eliminate credit risk. Improper evaluations of contracts for purchase, and changes in the applicant’s financial condition after approval could negatively affect the quality of our receivables portfolio, resulting in credit losses.
 
Upon successful completion of our credit underwriting process, we purchase the retail automotive financing contract or lease from the dealer.
 
Underwriting criteria for the U.S. consumer portfolio has remained consistent with historical practices resulting in less than 20% of the serviced retail and lease portfolio with credit bureau scores of less than 620 at December 31, 2007 and 2006.
 
Automotive financing differs significantly from mortgage financing in that the asset is expected to depreciate, reinforcing the importance of repayment capacity. Further, unlike some mortgage products, automotive loans are typically fixed-rate contracts, with no reset or payment option features.
 
Consumer Credit Risk Management
Credit losses in our consumer automotive retail contract and lease portfolio are influenced by general business and economic conditions, such as unemployment rates, bankruptcy filings, and used vehicle prices. We analyze credit losses according to frequency (i.e., the number of contracts that default) and severity (i.e., the dollar magnitude of loss per occurrence of default). We manage credit risk through our contract purchase policy, credit approval process (including our proprietary credit scoring system), and servicing capabilities.
 
In general, the credit quality of the off-balance sheet portfolio is representative of our overall managed consumer automotive retail contract portfolio. However, the process of creating a pool of retail automotive finance receivables for securitization or sale typically involves excluding retail contracts that are greater than 30 days delinquent. A portfolio that excludes delinquent contracts historically results in better credit performance in the managed portfolio than in the on-balance sheet portfolio of retail automotive finance receivables.
 
The managed portfolio includes retail receivables held on-balance sheet for investment and receivables securitized and sold that we continue to service and in which we have a continuing involvement (i.e., in which we retain an interest


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
or risk of loss in the underlying receivables); it excludes securitized and sold automotive finance receivables that we continue to service but in which we have no other continuing involvement (serviced-only portfolio). We believe the disclosure of the managed portfolio credit experience presents a more complete presentation of our credit exposure because the managed basis reflects not only on-balance sheet receivables but also securitized assets in which we retain a risk of loss in the underlying assets (typically in the form of a subordinated retained interest).
 
The following tables summarize pertinent loss experience in the managed and on-balance sheet consumer automotive retail contract portfolio. Consistent with the presentation in our Consolidated Balance Sheet, retail contracts presented in the table represent the principal balance of the automotive finance receivable less unearned income.
 
                                                               
    Average retail
  Annual charge-offs,
         
    assets   net of recoveries (a)     Net charge-off rate    
Year ended December 31, ($ in millions)   2007   2007   2006   2005     2007   2006   2005    
 
 
Managed
                                                             
North America (b)
    $49,620       $595       $569       $735         1.20 %     1.20 %     1.02 %    
International
    17,269       89       112       132         0.52 %     0.73 %     0.73 %    
                               
                               
Total managed
    $66,889       $684       $681       $867         1.02 %     1.10 %     0.96 %    
On-balance sheet
                                                             
North America (b)
    $40,888       $555       $559       $719         1.36 %     1.31 %     1.11 %    
International
    17,269       89       112       132         0.52 %     0.73 %     0.73 %    
                               
                               
Total on-balance sheet
    $58,157       $644       $671       $851         1.11 %     1.18 %     1.02 %    
(a) Net charge-offs exclude amounts related to residual losses on balloon automotive SmartBuy finance contracts. These amounts totaled $28 million, $26 million, and $1 million for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006, and 2005 respectively.
(b) North America 2006 annualized charge-offs, net of recoveries, include $100 million of certain expenses related to repossessed vehicles, which are included in other operating expenses in the Consolidated Statement of Income.
 
The following table summarizes pertinent delinquency experience in the consumer automotive retail contract portfolio.
 
                 
    Retail contracts 30 days
    or more past due (a)
    Managed   On-balance sheet
    2007   2006   2007   2006
 
 
North America
  2.58%   2.49%   2.87%   2.73%
International
  2.55%   2.63%   2.55%   2.63%
 
 
Total
  2.57%   2.54%   2.74%   2.70%
(a) Past due contracts are calculated on the basis of the average number of contracts delinquent during a month and exclude accounts in bankruptcy.
 
In addition to the preceding loss and delinquency data, the following table summarizes bankruptcies information for the United States consumer automotive retail contract portfolio (which represents approximately 53% and 66% of our on-balance sheet consumer automotive retail contract portfolio for 2007 and 2006, respectively) and repossession information for the Global Automotive Finance operations consumer automotive retail contract portfolio:
 
                                     
        On-balance
   
    Managed   sheet    
Year ended December 31,   2007   2006   2007   2006    
 
 
United States:
                                   
Average retail contracts in bankruptcy
(in units) (a)
    60,024       88,658       58,136       87,731      
Bankruptcies as a percentage of average number of contracts outstanding
    2.12 %     2.62 %     2.52 %     2.78 %    
North America:
                                   
Retail contract repossessions
(in units)
    77,955       91,930       70,838       89,823      
Repossessions as a percentage of average number of contracts outstanding
    2.36 %     2.39 %     2.69 %     2.64 %    
International:
                                   
Retail contract repossessions
(in units)
    12,090       13,446       12,090       13,446      
Repossessions as a percentage of average number of contracts outstanding
    0.77 %     0.86 %     0.77 %     0.86 %    
(a) Includes those accounts where the customer has filed for bankruptcy and is not yet discharged, the customer was discharged from bankruptcy but did not affirm their loan with GMAC, and other special situations where the customer is protected by applicable law with respect to GMAC’s normal collection policies and procedures.


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
 
Servicing
Servicing activities consist largely of collecting and processing customer payments, responding to customer inquiries such as requests for payoff quotes, processing customer requests for account revisions (such as payment extensions and refinancings), maintaining a perfected security interest in the financed vehicle, monitoring vehicle insurance coverage, and disposing of off-lease vehicles.
 
Our customers have the option to remit payments through monthly billing statements, coupon books, or electronic funds transfers. Customer payments are processed by regional third-party processing centers that electronically transfer payment data to customers’ accounts.
 
Servicing activities also include initiating contact with customers who fail to comply with the terms of the retail contract or lease. These contacts typically begin with a reminder notice when the account is 2 to 15 days past due. Telephone contact typically begins when the account is 5 to 20 days past due. Accounts that become 25 to 30 days past due are transferred to special collection centers that track accounts more closely. The nature and timing of these activities depend on the repayment risk that the account poses.
 
During the collection process, we may offer a payment extension to a customer experiencing temporary financial difficulty. A payment extension enables the customer to delay monthly payments for 30, 60, or 90 days, thereby deferring the maturity date of the contract by the period of delay. Extensions granted to a customer typically do not exceed 90 days in the aggregate over any 12-month period or 180 days in aggregate over the life of the contract. If the customer’s financial difficulty is not temporary and management believes the customer could continue to make payments at a lower payment amount, we may offer to rewrite the remaining obligation, extending the term and lowering the monthly payment obligation. Extensions and rewrites are techniques that help mitigate financial loss in those cases where management believes the customer will recover from financial difficulty and resume regularly scheduled payments or can fulfill the obligation with lower payments over a longer period. Before offering an extension or rewrite, collection personnel evaluate and take into account the capacity of the customer to meet the revised payment terms. Although the granting of an extension could delay the eventual charge-off of an account, typically we are able to repossess and sell the related collateral, thereby mitigating the loss. As an indication of the effectiveness of our consumer credit practices, of the total amount outstanding in the United States traditional retail portfolio as of December 31, 2004, only 5.8% of the extended or rewritten accounts were subsequently charged off through December 31, 2007. A three-year period was utilized for this analysis as this approximates the weighted average remaining term of the portfolio. As of December 31, 2007, 5.8% of the total amount outstanding in the portfolio had been granted an extension or rewritten.
 
Subject to legal considerations, we will normally begin repossession activity once an account becomes 60-days past due. Repossession may occur earlier if management determines the customer is unwilling to pay, the vehicle is in danger of being damaged or hidden, or the customer voluntarily surrenders the vehicle. Approved third-party repossession firms handle repossessions. Normally, the customer is given a period to redeem the vehicle by paying off the account or bringing the account current. If the vehicle is not redeemed, it is sold at auction. If the proceeds do not cover the unpaid balance, including unpaid finance charges and allowable expenses, the resulting deficiency is charged off. Asset recovery centers pursue collections on accounts that have been charged off, including those accounts where the vehicle was repossessed, and skip accounts where the vehicle cannot be located.
 
We have historically serviced retail contracts and leases in our managed portfolio. We will continue selling a portion of the retail contracts (on a whole-loan basis) that we purchase. With respect to retail and lease contracts we sell, we retain the right to service these retail contracts and leases and earn a servicing fee for our servicing functions. Semperian LLC, a subsidiary, performs most servicing activities for U.S. retail contracts and consumer automotive leases on our behalf. Semperian’s servicing activities are performed in accordance with our policies and procedures.
 
As of December 31, 2007 and 2006, our total consumer automotive serviced portfolio was $126.5 billion and $123.0 billion, respectively, whereas our consumer automotive managed portfolio was $100.7 billion and $91.9 billion in 2007 and 2006, respectively.
 
Allowance for Credit Losses
Our allowance for credit losses is intended to cover management’s estimate of incurred losses in the portfolio. Refer to the Critical Accounting Estimates section of this MD&A and Note 1 to our Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
The following table summarizes activity related to the consumer allowance for credit losses for our Global Automotive Finance operations.
 
                     
Year ended December 31,
           
($ in millions)   2007   2006    
 
Balance at January 1,
    $1,460       $1,618      
Provision for credit losses
    512       520      
Charge-offs
                   
Domestic
    (722 )     (724 )    
Foreign
    (169 )     (171 )    
 
 
Total charge-offs
    (891 )     (895 )    
 
 
Recoveries
                   
Domestic
    150       151      
Foreign
    67       47      
 
 
Total recoveries
    217       198      
 
 
Net charge-offs
    (674 )     (697 )    
Impacts of foreign currency translation
    11       16      
Securitization activity
          3      
 
 
Allowance at end of year
    $1,309       $1,460      
Allowance coverage (a)
    2.87 %     2.39 %    
(a) Represents the related allowance for credit losses as a percentage of total on-balance sheet consumer automotive retail contracts excluding loans held for sale.
 
After strong credit performance in recent years, credit fundamentals in our North American consumer automotive portfolio started to deteriorate in the third quarter of 2007. The increase in delinquencies is primarily the result of deterioration in general economic conditions, with more noticeable increases in those regions of the United States experiencing the highest degree of home price depreciation. Similarly, repossessions (as a percentage of contracts outstanding) and loss severity also increased during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. The increase in loss severity is illustrated by an increase in the average loss incurred per new vehicle repossessed in the North American retail automotive portfolio, which increased from $8,722 in 2006 to $9,070 in 2007. The increase in loss severity was due to higher advance rates as a result of originating longer term loans (up to 72 months on new vehicles) consistent with the industry, higher fuel costs, and deteriorating economic conditions. Conversely, credit trends in the International portfolio remain strong and overall delinquencies are in line with historical experience.
 
Despite higher delinquency and repossession trends, net charge-offs as a percentage of average retail assets in North America remained relatively stable during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. However, we do expect to experience a modest increase in net charge-offs in 2008 representative of the general weakening in consumer credit as a result of worsening economic conditions.
 
In response to the weaker credit trends experienced during the year ended December 31, 2007, our North American operations tightened underwriting standards and increased emphasis on initial verification of application information. In addition, we expanded our collection resources by approximately 40%, or 400 collectors, in the fourth quarter of 2007 and first quarter of 2008, to vigilantly monitor and manage our consumer automotive portfolio.
 
Despite the weaker credit trends, the number of bankruptcies in the U.S. portfolio decreased during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. The decrease is a result of a change in bankruptcy law in October 2005 which resulted in a dramatic increase in bankruptcy filings leading up to the change in law. The majority of these filings were carried into 2006 and discharged during the course of the year.
 
The allowance for credit losses as a percentage of the total on-balance sheet consumer portfolio increased at December 31, 2007, compared to December 31, 2006. The increase in the allowance coverage was the result of deterioration in credit performance of the portfolio in the latter half of 2007 and increased securitization and whole-loan sale activity. The process of creating a pool of retail automotive finance receivables for securitization or sale typically involves excluding retail contracts that are greater than 30-days delinquent. A portfolio that excludes delinquent contracts historically results in better credit performance in the managed portfolio than in the on-balance sheet portfolio of retail automotive finance receivables.
 
Our consumer automotive leases are operating leases and, therefore, exhibit different loss performance as compared to consumer automotive retail contracts. Credit losses on the operating lease portfolio are not as significant as losses on retail contracts because lease losses are limited to past due payments, late charges, and fees for excess mileage and excessive wear and tear. Since some of these fees are not assessed until the vehicle is returned, credit losses on the lease portfolio are correlated with lease termination volume. As further described in the Critical Accounting Estimates section of this MD&A, credit risk is considered within the overall depreciation rate and the resulting net carrying value of the operating lease asset. North American operating lease accounts past due over 30 days represented 1.74% and 1.51% of the total portfolio at December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
 
Remarketing and Sales of Leased Vehicles
When we acquire a consumer lease, we assume ownership of the vehicle from the dealer. Neither the consumer nor the


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
dealer is responsible for the value of the vehicle at the time of lease termination. Typically, the vehicle is returned to us for remarketing through an auction. We generally bear the risk of loss to the extent the value of a leased vehicle upon remarketing is below the projected residual value determined at the time the lease contract is signed. However, GM shares this risk with us in certain circumstances, as described previously at GM Marketing Incentives.
 
When vehicles are not purchased by customers or the receiving dealer at lease termination, we regain possession of the leased vehicles from the customers and sell the vehicles, primarily through physical and internet auctions. The following table summarizes our methods of vehicle sales in the United States at lease termination, stated as a percentage of total lease vehicle disposals.
 
                         
Year ended December 31,   2007   2006   2005    
 
Auction
                       
Physical
  39%   44%     42 %        
Internet
  43%   38%     39 %        
Sale to dealer
  12%   12%     12 %        
Other (including option exercised by lessee)
   6%    6%      7 %        
 
We primarily sell our off-lease vehicles through:
 
  Internet auctions — We offer off-lease vehicles to GM dealers and affiliates through a proprietary internet site (SmartAuction). This internet sales program increases the net sales proceeds from off-lease vehicles by reducing the time between vehicle return and ultimate disposition, reducing holding costs, and broadening the number of prospective buyers, thereby maximizing proceeds. We maintain the internet auction site, set the pricing floors on vehicles, and administer the auction process. We earn a service fee for every sale. Remarketing fee revenue, primarily generated through SmartAuction, was $91 million, $76 million, and $64 million for 2007, 2006, and 2005, respectively.
 
  Physical auctions — We dispose of our off-lease vehicles not purchased at termination by the lease consumer or dealer through traditional official GM-sponsored auctions. We are responsible for handling decisions at the auction, including arranging for inspections, authorizing repairs and reconditioning, and determining whether bids received at auction should be accepted.
 
Lease Residual Risk Management
We are exposed to residual risk on vehicles in the consumer lease portfolio. This lease residual risk represents the possibility that the actual proceeds realized upon the sale of returned vehicles will be lower than the projection of these values used in establishing the pricing at lease inception. The following factors most significantly influence lease residual risk:
 
  Used vehicle market — We are at risk due to changes in used vehicle prices. General economic conditions, off-lease vehicle supply and new vehicle market prices (of both GM and other manufacturers) most heavily influence used vehicle prices.
 
  Residual value projections — As previously discussed, we establish residual values at lease inception by consulting independently published guides and periodically review these residual values during the lease term. These values are projections of expected values in the future (typically between two and four years) based on current assumptions for the respective make and model. Actual realized values often differ.
 
  Remarketing abilities — Our ability to efficiently process and effectively market off-lease vehicles affects the disposal costs and the proceeds realized from vehicle sales.
 
  GM vehicle and marketing programs — GM influences lease residual results in the following ways:
 
  GM provides support to us for certain residual deficiencies.
 
  The brand image and consumer preference of GM products affect residual risk, as our lease portfolio consists primarily of GM vehicles.
 
  GM marketing programs may influence the used vehicle market for GM vehicles, through programs such as incentives on new vehicles, programs designed to encourage lessees to terminate their leases early in conjunction with the acquisition of a new GM vehicle (referred to as pull-ahead programs) and special rate used vehicle programs.
 
The following table summarizes the volume of lease terminations and the average sales proceeds on 24-, 36-, and 48-month scheduled lease terminations in the United States serviced lease portfolio for the years shown, which represents the majority of total terminations.
 
                         
Year ended December 31,   2007   2006   2005
 
 
Off-lease vehicles remarketed (in units)
    302,391       272,094       283,480  
Sales proceeds on scheduled lease terminations ($ per unit)
                       
24-month
    $16,496       $16,092       $16,834  
36-month
    14,774       14,715       14,992  
48-month
    12,403       12,130       11,890  


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
Despite weakness in the used vehicle market during the fourth quarter of 2007, our off-lease vehicle remarketing results remained relatively stable in 2007. We have continued aggressive use of the internet in disposing of off-lease vehicles. This initiative has improved efficiency, reduced costs, and ultimately increased the net proceeds on the sale of off-lease vehicles. In 2008, continued improvement in remarketing results is expected as the favorable effect of lower contractual residual values continues.
 
In recent years, the percentage of lease contracts terminated before the scheduled maturity date has increased primarily due to GM-sponsored pull-ahead programs. Under these marketing programs, consumers are encouraged to terminate leases early in conjunction with the acquisition of a new GM vehicle. The sales proceeds per vehicle on scheduled lease terminations in the preceding table do not include the effect of payments related to the pull-ahead programs.
 
Commercial Automotive Financing
Automotive Wholesale Dealer Financing
One of the most important aspects of our Global Automotive Finance operations is supporting the sale of GM vehicles through wholesale or floor plan financing, primarily through automotive finance purchases by dealers of new and used vehicles manufactured or distributed by GM and, less often, other vehicle manufacturers, before sale or lease to the retail customer. Wholesale automotive financing represents the largest portion of our commercial financing business and is the primary source of funding for GM dealers’ purchases of new and used vehicles. In 2007, we financed 6.1 million new GM vehicles (representing an 82% share of GM sales to dealers). In addition, we financed approximately 199,000 new non-GM vehicles.
 
Wholesale credit is arranged through lines of credit extended to individual dealers. In general, each wholesale credit line is secured by all the vehicles financed by us and, in some instances, by other assets owned by the dealer or the operator’s/owner’s personal guarantee. The amount we advance to dealers is equal to 100% of the wholesale invoice price of new vehicles, which includes destination and other miscellaneous charges, and with respect to vehicles manufactured by GM and other motor vehicle manufacturers, a price rebate, known as a holdback, from the manufacturer to the dealer in varying amounts stated as a percentage of the invoice price. Interest on wholesale automotive financing is generally payable monthly. Most wholesale automotive financing is structured to yield interest at a floating rate indexed to the Prime Rate. The rate for a particular dealer is based on, among other things, competitive factors, the amount and status of the dealer’s creditworthiness, and various incentive programs.
 
Under the terms of the credit agreement with the dealer, we may demand payment of interest and principal on wholesale credit lines at any time. However, unless we terminate the credit line or the dealer defaults, we generally require payment of the principal amount financed for a vehicle upon its sale or lease by the dealer to the customer. Ordinarily, a dealer has between one and five days, based on risk and exposure of the account, to satisfy the obligation.
 
Wholesale automotive financing accounted for $1.4 billion, $1.3 billion, and $1.1 billion of our revenues in 2007, 2006, and 2005, respectively.
 
The following table summarizes our wholesale financing of new vehicles and share of GM sales to dealers in markets where we operate.
 
                                                       
    GMAC volume         Share of GM retail sales
Year ended December 31, (units in thousands)   2007   2006   2005         2007   2006   2005
GM vehicles
                                                     
North America
    3,161       3,464       3,798             77%       76%       80%  
International
    2,932       2,658       2,462             88%       86%       84%  
                           
                           
Total GM units financed
    6,093       6,122       6,260             82%       80%       82%  
                                 
Non-GM units financed
    199       145       180                                
                           
                           
Total wholesale volume
    6,292       6,267       6,440                                
                         
 
Our wholesale automotive financing continues to be the primary funding source for GM dealer inventories. Penetration levels in North America in 2007 continued to reflect traditionally strong levels, consistent with recent historical experience. International levels increased in 2007 mainly due to growth in China (equity-method investment) and improvement in their penetration levels.


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
Credit Approval
Before establishing a wholesale line of credit, we perform a credit analysis of the dealer. During this analysis, we:
 
  review credit reports and financial statements and, may obtain bank references;
 
  evaluate the dealer’s marketing capabilities;
 
  evaluate the dealer’s financial condition; and
 
  assess the dealer’s operations and management.
 
On the basis of this analysis, we may approve the issuance of a credit line and determine the appropriate size. The credit lines represent guidelines, not limits. Therefore, the dealers may exceed them on occasion, an example being a dealer exceeding sales targets contemplated in the credit approval process. Generally, the size of the credit line is intended to be an amount sufficient to finance approximately a 90-day supply of new vehicles and a 30-60 day supply of used vehicles. Our credit guidelines ordinarily require that advances to finance used vehicles be approved on a unit-by-unit basis.
 
Commercial Credit
Our credit risk on the commercial portfolio is markedly different from that of our consumer portfolio. Whereas the consumer portfolio represents a homogeneous pool of retail contracts and leases that exhibit fairly predictable and stable loss patterns, the commercial portfolio exposures are less predictable. In general, the credit risk of the commercial portfolio is tied to overall economic conditions in the countries in which we operate. Further, our credit exposure is concentrated in automotive dealerships (primarily GM dealerships). Occasionally, GM provides payment guarantees on certain commercial loans and receivables we have outstanding. As of December 31, 2007 and 2006, approximately $80 million and $169 million, respectively, in commercial loans and receivables were covered by a GM guarantee.
 
Credit risk is managed and guided by policies and procedures that are designed to ensure risks are accurately and consistently assessed, properly approved, and continuously monitored. We approve significant transactions and are responsible for credit risk assessments (including the evaluation of the adequacy of the collateral). We also monitor the credit risk profile of individual borrowers and the aggregate portfolio of borrowers — either within a designated geographic region or a particular product or industry segment. Corporate approval is required for transactions exceeding business unit approval limits.
 
To date, the commercial receivables that have been securitized and accounted for as off-balance sheet transactions primarily represent wholesale lines of credit extended to automotive dealerships, which historically have experienced low losses and some dealer term loans. Historically, only wholesale accounts were securitized, resulting in our managed portfolio being substantially the same as our on-balance sheet portfolio. As a result, only the on-balance sheet commercial portfolio credit experience is presented in the following table:
                                                             
    Total
    Impaired
    Average
    Annual charge-offs,
     
    loans     loans (a)     loans     net of recoveries      
Year ended December 31,  ($ in millions)   2007     2007     2006     2007     2007     2006     2005      
 
 
Wholesale
    $22,961       $44       $338       $22,172       $2       $6       $4      
              0.19 %     1.64 %             0.01 %     0.03 %     0.02 %    
Other commercial financing
    4,565       8       52       4,227       4       4       1      
              0.18 %     1.35 %             0.09 %     0.10 %     0.02 %    
 
 
Total on-balance sheet
    $27,526       $52       $390       $26,399       $6       $10       $5      
              0.19 %     1.60 %             0.02 %     0.04 %     0.02 %    
(a) Includes loans where it is probable that we will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the terms of the loan.
 
Annual charge-offs on the commercial portfolio remained at traditionally low levels in 2007 as these receivables are generally secured by vehicles, real estate, and other forms of collateral, which help mitigate losses on these loans in the event of default. The decline in impaired loans from 2006 levels is the result of the resolution of a particular dealer account, which did not result in a charge-off of loans previously provided for.
 
Servicing and Monitoring
We service all of the wholesale credit lines in our portfolio as well as the wholesale automotive finance receivables that we have securitized. A statement setting forth billing and account information is prepared by us and distributed on a monthly basis to each dealer. Interest and other nonprincipal charges are billed in arrears and are required to be paid immediately upon receipt of the monthly billing statement.

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
Generally, dealers remit payments to GMAC through wire transfer transactions initiated by the dealer through a secure web application.
 
Dealers are assigned a credit category based on various factors, including capital sufficiency, operating performance, financial outlook, and credit and payment history. The credit category affects the amount of the line of credit, the determination of further advances, and the management of the account. We monitor the level of borrowing under each dealer’s account daily. When a dealer’s balance exceeds the credit line, we may temporarily suspend the granting of additional credit or increase the dealer’s credit line or take other actions, following evaluation and analysis of the dealer’s financial condition and the cause of the excess.
 
We periodically inspect and verify the existence of dealer vehicle inventories. The timing of the verifications varies, and no advance notice is given to the dealer. Among other things, verifications are intended to determine dealer compliance with the financing agreement and confirm the status of our collateral.
 
Other Commercial Automotive Financing
We also provide other forms of commercial financing for the automotive industry. The following describes our other automotive financing markets and products:
 
  Automotive dealer term loans — We make loans to dealers to finance other aspects of the dealership business. These loans are typically secured by real estate, other dealership assets, and occasionally the personal guarantees of the individual owner of the dealership. Automotive dealer loans composed 2% of our Global Automotive Finance operations’ assets as of December 31, 2007, consistent with 2006.
 
  Automotive fleet financing — Dealers, their affiliates, and other companies may obtain financing to buy vehicles, which they lease or rent to others. These transactions represent our fleet financing activities. We generally have a security interest in these vehicles and in the rental payments. However, competitive factors may occasionally limit the security interest in this collateral. Automotive fleet financing composed less than 1% of our Global Automotive Finance operations’ assets as of December 31, 2007, consistent with 2006.
 
  Full-service leasing products — We offer full-service individual and fleet leasing products in Europe, Mexico, and Australia. In addition to financing the vehicles, we offer maintenance, fleet, and accident management services, as well as fuel programs, short-term vehicle rental, and title and licensing services. Full-service leasing products composed 2% of our Global Automotive Finance operations’ assets as of December 31, 2007 and 2006.


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
 
ResCap
 
Results of Operations
The following table summarizes the operating results for ResCap for the periods shown. The amounts presented are before the elimination of balances and transactions with our other reporting segments.
 
                                             
                          2007-2006
    2006-2005
 
Year ended December 31, ($ in millions)   2007     2006     2005         % change     % change  
 
 
Revenue
                                           
Total financing revenue
    $6,394       $7,405       $5,226           (14 )     42  
Interest expense
    6,358       6,447       3,874           (1 )     66  
                 
                 
Net financing revenue
    36       958       1,352           (96 )     (29 )
Servicing fees
    1,790       1,584       1,417           13       12  
Amortization and impairment of servicing rights
                (762 )               (100 )
Servicing asset valuation and hedge activities, net
    (544 )     (1,100 )     61           (51 )     n/m  
                 
                 
Net loan servicing income
    1,246       484       716           157       (32 )
(Loss) gain on sale of loans, net
    (332 )     890       1,037           (137 )     (14 )
Other income
    726       1,986       1,755           (63 )     13  
                 
                 
Total other revenue
    394       2,876       2,792           (86 )     3  
Total net revenue
    1,676       4,318       4,860           (61 )     (11 )
Provision for credit losses
    2,580       1,334       626           93       113  
Expense
                                           
Noninterest expense
    3,023       2,568       2,607           18       (2 )
Impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets
    455                       n/m        
                 
                 
Total noninterest expense
    3,478       2,568       2,607           35       (2 )
Income (loss) before income tax (benefit) expense
    (4,382 )     416       1,627           n/m       (74 )
Income tax (benefit) expense
    (36 )     (289 )     606           (88 )     (148 )
                 
                 
Net income (loss)
    ($4,346 )     $705       $1,021           n/m       (31 )
               
Total assets
    $81,260       $130,569       $118,608           (38 )     10  
n/m = not meaningful
 
2007 Compared to 2006
ResCap experienced a net loss of $4.3 billion during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to net income of $705 million during 2006. During 2007, the mortgage and capital markets experienced severe stress due to credit concerns and housing market contractions in the United States. During the second half of the year, these negative market conditions spread to the foreign markets in which our mortgage subsidiaries operate, predominantly in the United Kingdom and Continental Europe, and to the residential homebuilders domestically. The reduced accessibility to cost efficient capital in the secondary markets has made the residential mortgage industry even more capital intensive. In the short-term, it is probable the mortgage industry will continue to experience both declining mortgage origination volumes and reduced total mortgage indebtedness due to the deterioration of the nonprime and nonconforming mortgage market. Due to these market factors, including interest rates, the business of acquiring and selling mortgage loans is cyclical. The industry is experiencing a downturn in this cycle. We do not expect the current market conditions to turn favorable in the near term.
 
The persistence of the global dislocation in the mortgage and credit markets may continue to negatively affect the value of our mortgage-related assets. These markets continue to experience greater volatility, less liquidity, widening of credit spreads, repricing of credit risk, and a lack of price transparency. We operate in these markets with exposure to loans, trading securities, derivatives, and lending commitments. The accessibility to capital markets continues to be restricted, both domestically and internationally, impacting the renewal of certain facilities and the cost of funding. It is difficult to predict how long these conditions will exist and which markets, products, and businesses will continue to be affected. Accordingly, these factors could continue to adversely impact our results of operations in the near term.
 
Net financing revenue was $36 million for the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to $958 million in 2006. Total financing revenue decreased for the year ended


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
December 31, 2007, compared to 2006, primarily due to a decline in mortgage loan asset balances, lower warehouse lending balances, and an increase in nonaccrual loans due to higher delinquency rates. Mortgage loans asset balances decreased due to lower loan production, continued portfolio run-off, and the deconsolidation of $25.9 billion of net assets in securitization trusts. The deconsolidation resulted in the removal of $27.4 billion of primarily nonprime mortgage loans held for investment and $1.5 billion for the related allowance for credit losses. Loan production decreased because we steadily reduced our exposure to nonprime and nonconforming loans during the year ended December 31, 2007, through changes to product pricing, product offerings, and targeted asset sales. Lower warehouse lending balances contributed to market conditions, customer bankruptcies and defaults, and our strategic decision to reduce the warehouse lending business. The decrease in interest expense during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006, was primarily driven by lower asset levels.
 
Net loan servicing income increased 157% for the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006, due to positive hedging activity results and an increase in the average size of the mortgage servicing rights portfolio. The increase in the average servicing portfolio resulted in an increase in servicing fees of $207 million. The increase was partially offset by a decline in the valuation of mortgage servicing rights caused by unfavorable movement in the yield curve and increased prepayment assumptions.
 
The net loss on sale of loans was $332 million during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to a net gain of $890 million for 2006. The decrease was primarily due to the decline in the fair value of mortgage loans held for sale and obligations to fund mortgage loans due to lower investor demand and lack of domestic and foreign market liquidity. As a result, the pricing for various loan product types deteriorated during the year ended December 31, 2007, as investor uncertainty remained high regarding the performance of these loans. The loss on sale of loans was partially offset by a $526 million gain on the sale of residual cash flows related to the deconsolidation of $27.4 billion in securitization trusts.
 
Other income decreased 63% during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. The decrease was primarily due to the spread of the stress in the mortgage and capital markets and its affect on homebuilders. The result was an increase in impairment charges on land contracts and model homes of $159 million, a loss on model home sales of $40 million, lower equity income of $136 million, and a decrease in fee income due to the decrease in mortgage loan production. The decrease was partially offset by a $521 million gain recognized on debt retirements.
 
The provision for credit losses increased to $2.6 billion during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to $1.3 billion in 2006. The increase was driven by the continued deterioration in the domestic housing market, which resulted in higher loss severity and frequency, and an increase in estimated losses related to delinquent loans. Mortgage loans held for investment past due 60 days or more increased to 13.3% of the total unpaid principal balance as of December 31, 2007, from 12.5% at December 31, 2006. The same economic conditions impacting mortgage loans held for investment also caused severe financial stress for certain warehouse lending customers, which also contributed to the increase in the provision for credit losses.
 
Noninterest expense increased 18% during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. The increase was driven by additional provisions for assets sold with recourse, due to market conditions driving an increase in loan repurchase activity. Under the representations, we agree to repurchase the loans, at par, if early payment default occurs. The increase was also attributed to higher legal related costs, increased expenses related to owned real estate, and restructuring costs of $127 million recorded during the fourth quarter of 2007. Refer to Note 24 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional restructuring information.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2007, goodwill impairment of $455 million was recorded as a result of certain triggering events in the third quarter including credit downgrades and losses for the business. Refer to Note 11 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
 
Income tax benefit decreased $253 million during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. In 2006, certain of ResCap’s unregulated U.S. subsidiaries became disregarded or pass-through entities for U.S. federal income tax purposes upon their conversion to an LLC. The election resulted in the one-time favorable elimination of a net deferred tax liability through income tax expense. A similar reduction to income tax expense was absent from the 2007 results. Generally, there is no income tax or benefit with respect to these disregarded entities as they are nontaxable with the exception of certain state and local jurisdictions that tax LLCs at the entity level.
 
2006 Compared to 2005
ResCap experienced net financing revenue of $958 million during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to $1.4 billion in 2005, a decrease of 29%. Total financing revenue increased 42% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005, primarily as a result of the increase in average interest-earning assets, including mortgage loans held for sale, mortgage loans held for


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
investment, and lending receivables. Interest expense increased 66% during the year ended December 31, 2006, due to increases in the average amount of interest-bearing liabilities outstanding to fund asset growth as well as increases in funding costs primarily due to the increase in market interest rates.
 
Net loan servicing income decreased 32% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005, due to negative servicing asset valuations, which were partially offset by an increase in the size of the mortgage servicing rights portfolio. The negative servicing asset valuation was primarily attributable to derivative hedging results, which were negatively affected by lower market volatility and an inverted yield curve. The domestic servicing portfolio was approximately $412.4 billion as of December 31, 2006, an increase of approximately $57.5 billion or 16% from $354.9 billion as of December 31, 2005.
 
The net gain on sale of loans decreased 14% due to the inability in the fourth quarter of 2006 to include nonprime delinquent loans in nonprime securitizations.
 
Other income increased 13% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to the same period in 2005, primarily due to the sale of an interest in a regional homebuilder that resulted in a gain of $415 million ($259 million after-tax). The gain was partially offset by lower income from sales of real estate owned and lower valuations of real estate owned due to lower home prices, as well as lower management fee income attributable to the elimination of an off-balance sheet warehouse lending facility in the fourth quarter of 2005.
 
The provision for credit losses was $1.3 billion during the year ended December 31, 2006 compared to $626 million in 2005, representing an increase of approximately 113%. The majority of this increase occurred during the fourth quarter of 2006 as the decline in the domestic housing market accelerated and the market for nonprime loans significantly deteriorated. We increased our loss estimates for the number and amount of estimated charge-offs. These market conditions also resulted in an increase in nonprime delinquencies and significant stress on warehouse lending customers. The increase in the provision for loan losses was driven by an increase in delinquent loans. These developments resulted in higher loss severity assumptions for new loan production, compared to the prior year period, when the market observed home price appreciation.
 
Noninterest expense decreased during the year ended December 31, 2006 by 2%, compared to 2005. This decrease was primarily attributable to a $43 million gain from the curtailment of a pension plan as well as lower real estate commissions from a softening of the real estate market. These reductions were partially offset by higher professional fees that were incurred in conjunction with the integration of GMAC Residential and Residential Capital Group into the U.S. Residential Finance Group.
 
Income tax benefit was $289 million during the year ended December 31, 2006, and included a conversion benefit of $523 million related to our election to be treated as an LLC for federal income tax purposes. The benefit was the result of the elimination of net deferred tax liabilities. Almost all significant domestic legal entities of ResCap were converted to LLCs with the exception of GMAC Bank. Effective December 2006, federal income tax expense is no longer incurred for the entities that made the election.
 
U.S. Residential Real Estate Finance
Through our activities at ResCap, we are one of the largest residential mortgage producers and servicers in the United States, producing approximately $94 billion in residential mortgage loans in 2007 and servicing approximately $410 billion in residential mortgage loans as of December 31, 2007. We are also one of the largest nonagency issuers of mortgage-backed and mortgage-related asset-backed securities in the United States. The principal activities of our U.S. residential real estate finance business include originating, purchasing, selling, and securitizing residential mortgage loans; servicing residential mortgage loans for ourselves and others; providing warehouse financing to residential mortgage loan originators and correspondent lenders to originate residential mortgage loans; creating a portfolio of mortgage loans and retained interests from securitization activities; conducting banking activities through GMAC Bank; and providing complementary real estate services, including brokerage and relocation services.
 
Sources of Loan Production
We have three primary sources for residential mortgage loan production: the origination of loans through our direct lending network, the origination of loans through our mortgage brokerage network, and the purchase of loans in the secondary market (primarily from correspondent lenders).
 
  Direct Lending Network — Our direct lending network consists of retail branches, internet, and telephone-based operations. Our retail network targets customers desiring face-to-face service. Typical referral sources are realtors, homebuilders, credit unions, small banks, and affinity groups. We originate residential mortgage loans through our direct lending network under two brands: GMAC Mortgage and ditech.com. We also originate mortgage loans through participation in GM Family First, an affinity program available to GM employees, retirees, and their families and employees of GM’s subsidiaries, dealers, and suppliers and their families in the United States. In addition, we conduct origination activities associated with


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
refinancing of existing mortgage loans for which we are the prime servicer.
 
  Mortgage Brokerage Network — We also originate residential mortgage loans through mortgage brokers. Loans sourced by mortgage brokers are funded by us and generally closed in the ResCap name. When originating loans through mortgage brokers, the mortgage broker’s role is to identify the applicant, assist in completing the loan application, gather necessary information and documents, and serve as liaison with the borrower through the lending process. We review and underwrite the application submitted by the mortgage broker, approve or deny the application, set the interest rate and other terms of the loan and, upon acceptance by the borrower and satisfaction of all conditions required by us, fund the loan. We qualify and approve all mortgage brokers who generate mortgage loans and continually monitor their performance.
 
  Correspondent Lender and Other Secondary Market Purchases — Loans purchased from correspondent lenders are originated or purchased by the correspondent lenders and subsequently sold to us. Most of the purchases from correspondent lenders are conducted through GMAC Bank, a subsidiary. As with our mortgage brokerage network, we approve any correspondent lenders who participate in the loan purchase programs.
 
We also purchase pools of residential mortgage loans from entities other than correspondent lenders, which are referred to as bulk purchases. These purchases are generally made from large financial institutions. In connection with these purchases, we typically conduct due diligence on all or a sampling of the mortgage pool and use underwriting technology to determine if the loans meet the underwriting requirements of our loan programs. Some of the residential mortgage loans obtained in bulk purchases are “seasoned” or “distressed”. Seasoned mortgage loans are loans that generally have been funded for more than 12 months, whereas distressed mortgage loans are loans that are currently in default or otherwise nonperforming. In light of current market conditions, we suspended the program to purchase seasoned and distressed mortgage loans beginning in the third quarter of 2007.
 
The following summarizes domestic mortgage loan production by channel:
 
                                                 
    U.S. mortgage loan production by channel  
    2007     2006     2005  
          Dollar
          Dollar
          Dollar
 
    No. of
    amount of
    No. of
    amount of
    No. of
    amount of
 
Year ended December 31, ($ in millions)   loans     loans     loans     loans     loans     loans  
 
 
Retail branches
    76,882       $12,260       103,139       $15,036       126,527       $19,097  
Direct lending (other than retail branches)
    92,470       10,664       135,731       12,547       161,746       17,228  
Mortgage brokers
    110,404       20,561       169,200       29,025       134,263       22,961  
Correspondent lender and secondary market purchases
    287,084       50,420       642,169       104,960       552,624       99,776  
 
 
Total U.S. production
    566,840       $93,905       1,050,239       $161,568       975,160       $159,062  
 
Types of Mortgage Loans
We originate and acquire mortgage loans that generally fall into one of the following five categories:
 
  Prime Conforming Mortgage Loans — These are prime credit quality first-lien mortgage loans secured by single-family residences that meet or conform to the underwriting standards established by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac for inclusion in their guaranteed mortgage securities programs.
 
  Prime Nonconforming Mortgage Loans — These are prime credit quality first-lien mortgage loans secured by single-family residences that either (1) do not conform to the underwriting standards established by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, because they have original principal amounts exceeding Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac limits ($417,000 in 2007 and 2006, and $359,650 in 2005), which are commonly referred to as jumbo mortgage loans or (2) have alternative documentation requirements and property or credit-related features (e.g., higher loan-to-value or debt-to-income ratios) but are otherwise considered prime credit quality due to other compensating factors.
 
  Government Mortgage Loans — These are first-lien mortgage loans secured by single-family residences that are insured by the Federal Housing Administration or guaranteed by the Veterans Administration.
 
  Nonprime Mortgage Loans — These are first-lien and certain junior lien mortgage loans secured by single-family


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
residences made to individuals with credit profiles that do not qualify for a prime loan, have credit-related features that fall outside the parameters of traditional prime mortgage products, or have performance characteristics that otherwise exposes us to comparatively higher risk of loss.
 
Nonprime includes mortgage loans the industry characterizes as “subprime”, as well as high combined loan-to-value second-lien loans, and loans purchased through the negotiated conduit asset program. The negotiated conduit asset program includes loans that fall out of its standard loan programs due to noncompliance with one or more criteria. The loans of the negotiated conduit asset program must comply with all other credit standards and other guidelines of the standard loan program.
 
  Prime Second-Lien Mortgage Loans — These are open- and closed-end mortgage loans secured by a second or more junior lien on single-family residences, which include home equity mortgage loans.
 
The following table summarizes domestic mortgage loan production by type:
 
                                                 
    U.S. mortgage loan production by type  
    2007     2006     2005  
          Dollar
          Dollar
          Dollar
 
    No. of
    amount of
    No. of
    amount of
    No. of
    amount of
 
Year ended December 31, ($ in millions)   loans     loans     loans     loans     loans     loans  
 
 
Prime conforming
    245,953       $47,376       233,058       $43,350       275,351       $50,047  
Prime nonconforming
    78,677       27,166       193,736       60,294       192,914       55,811  
Government
    24,528       3,605       25,474       3,665       31,164       4,251  
Nonprime
    29,123       4,197       193,880       30,555       226,317       35,874  
Prime second-lien
    188,559       11,561       404,091       23,704       249,414       13,079  
 
 
Total primary U.S. production
    566,840       $93,905       1,050,239       $161,568       975,160       $159,062  
 
Underwriting Standards
All mortgage loans originated and most of the mortgage loans purchased are subject to underwriting guidelines and loan origination standards. When mortgage loans are originated directly through retail branches, by internet or telephone, or indirectly through mortgage brokers, we follow established lending policies and procedures that require consideration of a variety of factors, including:
 
  the borrower’s capacity to repay the loan;
 
  the borrower’s credit history;
 
  the relative size and characteristics of the proposed loan; and
 
  the amount of equity in the borrower’s property (as measured by the borrower’s loan-to-value ratio).
 
Underwriting standards have been designed to produce loans that meet the credit needs and profiles of borrowers, thereby creating more consistent performance characteristics for investors. When purchasing mortgage loans from correspondent lenders, we either re-underwrite the loan before purchase or delegate underwriting responsibility to the correspondent lender originating the mortgage loan.
 
To further ensure consistency and efficiency, much of the underwriting analysis is conducted through the use of automated underwriting technology. We also conduct a variety of quality control procedures and periodic audits to ensure compliance with origination standards, including responsible lending standards and legal requirements. Although many of these procedures involve manual reviews of loans, we seek to leverage our technology in further developing our quality control procedures. For example, we have programmed many of our compliance standards into our loan origination systems and have continued to use and develop automated compliance technology to mitigate regulatory risk.
 
In 2007, we revised our product specific underwriting standards, which resulted in a reduction of nonconforming loan production, including the elimination of all nonprime production. The changes in underwriting standards include changes in loan-to-value requirements, FICO score minimums and documented assets, and income requirements.
 
Sale and Securitization of Assets
We sell most of the mortgage loans we originate or purchase. In 2007, we sold $117.3 billion in mortgage loans. We typically sell Prime Conforming Mortgage Loans in sales that take the form of securitizations guaranteed by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, and typically sell Government Mortgage Loans in securitizations guaranteed by the Government National Mortgage Association or Ginnie Mae. In 2007, we sold $49.1 billion of mortgage loans to government-sponsored enterprises, or 41.9% of the total loans sold, and $68.2 billion to other investors through


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
whole-loan sales and securitizations, including both on-balance sheet and off-balance sheet securitizations. During the second half of 2007, the change in the U.S. mortgage market limited our ability to securitize many nonconforming loan products and also resulted in a lack of demand and liquidity for the subordinate interests from these securitizations. This lack of liquidity also reduced the level of whole-loan transactions of certain nonconforming mortgages.
 
Our sale and securitization activities include developing asset sale or retention strategies, conducting pricing and hedging activities, and coordinating the execution of whole-loan sales and securitizations.
 
In addition to the cash we receive in exchange for the mortgage loans we sell to the securitization trust, we often retain interests in the securitization trust as partial payment for the loans and generally hold these retained interests in our investment portfolio. These retained interests may take the form of 1) mortgage-backed or mortgage-related, asset-backed securities (including senior and subordinated interests) or 2) interest- and principal-only, investment grade, noninvestment grade, or unrated securities.
 
Servicing Activities
Although we sell most of the residential mortgage loans we produce, we generally retain the rights to service these loans. The retained mortgage servicing rights consist of primary and master servicing rights. Primary servicing rights represent our right to service certain mortgage loans originated or purchased and later sold on a servicing-retained basis through our securitization activities and whole-loan sales, as well as primary servicing rights we purchase from other mortgage industry participants. When we act as primary servicer, we collect and remit mortgage loan payments, respond to borrower inquiries, account for principal and interest, hold custodial and escrow funds for payment of property taxes and insurance premiums, counsel or otherwise work with delinquent borrowers, supervise foreclosures and property dispositions, and generally administer the loans. Master servicing rights represent our right to service mortgage-backed and mortgage-related asset-backed securities and whole-loan packages sold to investors. When we act as master servicer, we collect mortgage loan payments from primary servicers and distribute those funds to investors in mortgage-backed and mortgage-related asset-backed securities and whole-loan packages. Key services in this regard include loan accounting, claims administration, oversight of primary servicers, loss mitigation, bond administration, cash flow waterfall calculations, investor reporting, and tax reporting compliance. In return for performing primary and master servicing functions, we receive servicing fees equal to a specified percentage of the outstanding principal balance of the loans being serviced and may also be entitled to other forms of servicing compensation, such as late payment fees or prepayment penalties. Servicing compensation also includes interest income or the float earned on collections that is deposited in various custodial accounts between their receipt and our distribution of the funds to investors.
 
The value of mortgage servicing rights is sensitive to changes in interest rates and other factors (see further discussion in the Critical Accounting Estimates section of this MD&A). We have developed and implemented an economic hedge program to, among other things, mitigate the overall risk of loss due to a change in the fair value of mortgage servicing rights. In accordance with this economic hedge program, We hedge the change in the total fair value of their capitalized mortgage servicing rights. The success or failure of this economic hedging program may have a material effect on the results of operations.
 


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
The following table summarizes the primary domestic mortgage loan-servicing portfolio for which we hold the corresponding mortgage servicing rights:
 
                                                 
    U.S. mortgage loan servicing portfolio  
    2007     2006     2005  
          Dollar
          Dollar
          Dollar
 
    No. of
    amount of
    No. of
    amount of
    No. of
    amount of
 
Year ended December 31, ($ in millions)   loans     loans     loans     loans     loans     loans  
 
 
Prime conforming
    1,652,933       $267,511       1,573,270       $244,094       1,476,483       $212,007  
Prime nonconforming
    184,154       54,993       197,466       58,479       170,245       50,759  
Government
    179,475       19,382       180,667       18,789       181,083       18,057  
Nonprime
    282,250       36,809       374,620       50,287       405,785       52,704  
Prime second-lien
    730,866       31,523       760,063       31,576       574,073       19,813  
 
 
Total U.S. production (a)
    3,029,678       $410,218       3,086,086       $403,225       2,807,669       $353,340  
(a) Excludes loans for which we acted as a subservicer. Subserviced loans totaled 205,019 with an unpaid principal balance of $44.3 billion as of December 31, 2007; 290,992 with an unpaid principal balance of $55.4 billion as of December 31, 2006; and 271,489 with an unpaid principal balance of $38.9 billion as of December 31, 2005.
 
Warehouse Lending
We are a provider of warehouse lending facilities to correspondent lenders and other mortgage originators in the United States. These facilities enable those lenders and originators to finance residential mortgage loans until they are sold in the secondary mortgage loan market. We provide warehouse lending facilities principally for prime conforming and government residential mortgage loans, including mortgage loans acquired through correspondent lenders. We also provide limited warehouse lending facilities for prime nonconforming and prime second-lien residential mortgage loans, including mortgage loans acquired through correspondent lenders. During the year ended December 31, 2007, we intentionally reduced the size of the warehouse lending business and eliminated all facilities secured by nonconforming loans, except prime jumbo mortgage loans. We provide most of the warehouse lending facilities through our subsidiary, GMAC Bank. Advances under warehouse lending facilities are collateralized by the underlying mortgage loans and bear interest at variable rates. As of December 31, 2007, we had total warehouse line of credit commitments of approximately $3.3 billion, against which we had advances outstanding of approximately $1.7 billion. We purchased approximately 17% of the mortgage loans financed by our warehouse lending facilities in 2007.
 
Other Real Estate Finance and Related Activities
We provide bundled real estate services to consumers, including real estate brokerage services, full-service relocation services, mortgage closing services, and settlement services. Through GMAC Bank, we offer a variety of personal investment products to customers, including consumer deposits, money market accounts, consumer loans, online banking and bill payment, and other investment services. GMAC Bank also provides collateral pool certification and collateral document custodial services to third-party customers.
 
Business Capital
Business Capital is involved in the business of real estate and resort finance. The real estate business is involved in residential construction products, residential equity products (mezzanine lending), and model home products. The real estate business provides capital to residential land developers and homebuilders to finance residential real estate projects for sale, using a variety of capital structures. Currently, there is no origination of new transactions within the real estate business; the only funding made is under current transactions. The resort finance business provides debt capital to resort and timeshare developers. We have historically retained and serviced most loans and investments originated by Business Capital.
 
The real estate business has relationships with many large homebuilders and residential land developers in the United States. Our resort finance business has relationships primarily with midsized private timeshare developers.
 
International Business
Outside the United States, ResCap’s International operations conduct business in the United Kingdom, Canada, Continental Europe, Latin America, and Australia. The operations originate, purchase, sell, service, and securitize residential mortgage loans. Additionally, the International operations extend credit to companies involved in residential real estate development and provide commercial lending facilities.


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
The following table summarized international mortgage loan production:
 
                                                 
    International mortgage loan production  
    2007     2006     2005  
          Dollar
          Dollar
          Dollar
 
    No. of
    amount of
    No. of
    amount of
    No. of
    amount of
 
Year ended December 31, ($ in millions)   loans     loans     loans     loans     loans     loans  
 
 
United Kingdom
    68,161       $18,903       93,215       $22,417       57,747       $12,538  
Continental Europe
    37,364       7,150       21,849       3,926       15,618       2,833  
Other
    19,612       2,527       11,915       1,439       12,605       1,168  
 
 
Total international loan production
    125,137       $28,580       126,979       $27,782       85,970       $16,539  
 
The following table sets forth our international servicing portfolio for which we hold the corresponding mortgage servicing rights:
 
                                                 
    International servicing portfolio  
    2007     2006     2005  
          Dollar
          Dollar
          Dollar
 
    No. of
    amount of
    No. of
    amount of
    No. of
    amount of
 
Year ended December 31, ($ in millions)   loans     loans     loans     loans     loans     loans  
 
 
United Kingdom
    82,326       $19,345       108,672       $23,817       91,574       $16,219  
Continental Europe
    69,666       17,953       49,251       9,956       33,273       5,796  
Other
    33,711       5,794       17,990       2,444       13,573       1,696  
 
 
Total international servicing portfolio
    185,703       $43,092       175,913       $36,217       138,420       $23,711  
 
We traditionally exit the assets we originate through securitizations and whole-loan sales. During the year ended December 31, 2007, the securitization markets became increasingly restricted or closed in each of the United Kingdom, Continental Europe, and Canadian markets.
 
Credit Risk Management
As previously discussed, we often sell mortgage loans to third parties in the secondary market after origination or purchase. While loans are held in mortgage inventory before sale in the secondary market, we are exposed to credit losses on the loans. In addition, we bear credit risk through investments in subordinate loan participations or other subordinated interests related to certain consumer and commercial mortgage loans sold to third parties through securitizations. Management estimates credit losses for mortgage loans held for sale and subordinate loan participations and records a valuation allowance when losses are considered probable and estimable. The valuation allowance is included as a component of the fair value and carrying amount of mortgage loans held for sale. As previously discussed, certain loans that are sold in the secondary market are subject to recourse in the event of borrower default. Management closely monitors historical experience, borrower payment activity, current economic trends, and other risk factors and establishes an allowance for foreclosure losses that they consider sufficient to cover incurred foreclosure losses in the portfolio.
 
We periodically acquire or originate certain finance receivables and loans held for investment purposes. Additionally, certain loans held as collateral for securitization transactions (treated as financings) are also classified as mortgage loans held for investment. We have the intent and ability to hold these finance receivables and loans for the foreseeable future. Credit risk on finance receivables and mortgage loans held for investment is managed and guided by policies and procedures that are designed to ensure that risks are accurately assessed, properly approved, and continuously monitored. In particular, we use risk-based loan pricing and appropriate underwriting policies and loan-collection methods to manage credit risk. Management closely monitors historical experience, borrower payment activity, current economic trends and other risk factors and establishes an allowance for credit losses that we consider sufficient to cover incurred credit losses in the portfolio of loans held for investment.
 
In addition to credit exposure on the mortgage loans held for sale and held for investment portfolios, we also bear credit risk related to investments in certain asset- and mortgage-backed securities, which are carried at estimated fair value (or at amortized cost for those classified as held-to-maturity) in the Consolidated Balance Sheet. Typically, noninvestment grade and unrated asset- and mortgage-backed securities provide credit support and are subordinate to the higher-rated senior certificates in a securitization transaction.


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
We are also exposed to risk of default by banks and financial institutions that are counterparties to derivative financial instruments. These counterparties are typically rated single A or above. This credit risk is managed by limiting the maximum exposure to any individual counterparty and, in some instances, holding collateral, such as cash deposited by the counterparty.
 
Allowance for Credit Losses
The allowance for credit losses is intended to cover management’s estimate of incurred losses in the portfolio. Refer to the Critical Accounting Estimates section of this MD&A and Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.
 
The following table summarizes the activity related to the allowance for credit losses:
 
                             
($ in millions)   Consumer   Commercial   Total    
 
Balance at January 1, 2006
  $1,066     $187     $1,253      
Provision for credit losses
    1,116       218       1,334      
Charge-offs
    (721 )     (9 )     (730 )    
Recoveries
    47       1       48      
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2006
    1,508       397       1,905      
Provision for credit losses
    2,089       491       2,580      
Charge-offs
    (1,282 )     (412 )     (1,694 )    
Reduction of allowance due to deconsolidation (b)
    (1,540 )           (1,540 )    
Recoveries
    57       9       66      
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2007
  $832     $485     $1,317      
Allowance coverage 2006 (a)
    2.17 %     2.66 %     2.26 %    
Allowance coverage 2007 (a)
    1.97 %     5.45 %     2.58 %    
(a) Represents the related allowance for credit losses as a percentage of total on-balance sheet residential mortgage loans.
(b) During 2007, we completed the sale of residual cash flows related to a number of on-balance sheet securitizations. We completed the approved actions to cause the securitization trusts to satisfy the qualifying special-purpose entity requirement of SFAS No. 140, Accounting for Transfers and Servicing of Financial Assets and Extinguishment of Liabilities (SFAS 140). The actions resulted in the deconsolidation of various securitization trusts.
 
The following table summarizes the allowance for loan losses by type of consumer mortgage loans held for investment:
 
                                 
    Consumer mortgage loans held for investment
    2007   2006
    Allowance
  Allowance as a
  Allowance
  Allowance as a
    for loan
  % of the total
  for loan
  % of the total
Year ended December 31, ($ in millions)   losses   asset class (a)   losses   asset class(a)
 
 
Nonprime mortgage loans
  $ 589       1.40     $ 1,396       2.01  
Prime second-lien mortgage loans
    133       0.32       66       0.10  
Prime nonconforming mortgage loans
    102       0.24       45       0.06  
Prime conforming mortgage loans
    6       0.01       1        
Government loans
    2                    
 
 
Total consumer mortgage loans held for investment
  $ 832       1.97     $ 1,508       2.17  
(a) Represents the related allowance for credit losses as a percentage of total on-balance sheet residential mortgage loans.
 
Nonperforming Assets
The following table summarizes the nonperforming assets in our on-balance sheet held for sale and held for investment residential mortgage loan portfolios for each of the periods presented. Nonperforming assets are nonaccrual loans, foreclosed assets, and restructured loans. Mortgage loans and lending receivables are generally placed on nonaccrual status when they are 60 days or more past due or when the timely collection of the principal of the loan, in whole or in part, is doubtful. Management’s classification of a loan as


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
nonaccrual does not necessarily suggest that the principal of the loan is uncollectible in whole or in part. In certain cases, borrowers make payments to bring their loans contractually current; in all cases, mortgage loans are collateralized by residential real estate. As a result, our experience has been that any amount of ultimate loss is substantially less than the unpaid balance of a nonperforming loan.
 
During the year, ResCap completed temporary and permanent loan modifications. In accordance with SFAS 140, the majority of the modifications adjusted the borrower terms for loans in off-balance sheet securitization trusts, for which, we retained the mortgage servicing rights. The remaining loans exist primarily in our on-balance sheet securitization trusts.
 
If the modification was deemed temporary, our modified loans remained nonaccrual loans and retained their past due delinquency status even if the borrower has met the modified terms. If the modification was deemed permanent, the loan is returned to current status, if the borrower complies with the new loan terms. As of December 31, 2007, permanent modifications of on-balance sheet mortgage loans held for investment includes approximately $167 million of unpaid principal balance.
 
                     
Year ended December 31, ($ in millions)   2007   2006    
 
Nonaccrual loans:
                   
Mortgage loans:
                   
Prime conforming
    $85       $11      
Prime nonconforming
    908       419      
Government
    80            
Prime second-lien
    233       142      
Nonprime (a)
    4,040       6,736      
Lending receivables:
                   
Warehouse (b)
    71       1,318      
Construction (c)
    550       69      
Other
    10            
 
 
Total nonaccrual assets
    5,977       8,695      
Restructured loans
    32       8      
Foreclosed assets
    1,116       1,141      
 
 
Total nonperforming assets
    $7,125       $9,844      
Total nonperforming assets as a percentage of total ResCap assets
    8.8 %     7.5 %    
(a) Includes $1 billion and $415 million for 2007 and 2006, respectively, of loans that were purchased distressed and already in nonaccrual status. In addition, includes $16 million and $3 million for 2007 and 2006, respectively, of nonaccrual restructured loans that are not included in Restructured loans.
(b) Includes $10 million of nonaccrual restructured loans as of December 31, 2006, that are not included in Restructured loans.
(c) Includes $47 million and $19 million for 2007 and 2006, respectively, of nonaccrual restructured loans that are not included in Restructured loans.
 
The following table summarizes the delinquency information for the mortgage loans held for investment portfolio:
 
                                         
    2007       2006
December 31, 
          %
          %
($ in millions)   Amount       of total       Amount   of total
 
Current
  $ 35,558           83         $ 55,964       81  
Past due
                                       
30 to 59 days
    1,784           4           4,273       6  
60 to 89 days
    946           2           1,818       3  
90 days or more
    2,179           5           3,403       5  
Foreclosures pending
    1,846           4           2,132       3  
Bankruptcies
    735           2           1,219       2  
     
     
Total unpaid principal balances
    43,048           100           68,809       100  
Net (discounts) premiums
    (885 )                     627          
           
       
                     
Total
  $ 42,163                     $ 69,436          
 
The decrease in the mortgage loans held for investment portfolio was primarily due to the decrease in loan production and the deconsolidation of $27.4 billion in mortgage loans held for investment during the year ended December 31, 2007. The deconsolidated loans were primarily nonprime. The deterioration of the domestic housing market and the stress on the domestic nonprime market continued to affect loan losses and the loss allowance during the year ended December 31, 2007.
 
Delinquency and nonaccrual levels related to mortgage loans held for investment increased throughout the year ended December 31, 2007. Mortgage loans held for investment past due 60 days or more increased to 13.3% of the total unpaid principal balance as of December 31, 2007, from 12.5% at December 31, 2006. Nonaccrual loans increased from 10.6% of the mortgage loans held for investment portfolio as of December 31, 2006, to 12.7% as of December 31, 2007.


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
The following table summarizes the delinquency information for the nonprime mortgage loans held for investment portfolio:
 
                                     
    2007   2006
December 31, 
          %
      %
($ in millions)   Amount       of total   Amount   of total
 
 
Current
  $ 12,014           68     $ 39,909       77  
Past due
                                   
30 to 59 days
    1,263           7       4,007       8  
60 to 89 days
    693           4       1,722       3  
90 days or more
    1,445           8       3,132       6  
Foreclosures pending
    1,642           9       2,027       4  
Bankruptcies
    690           4       1,154       2  
     
     
Total unpaid principal balances
    17,747           100       51,951       100  
Net (discounts) premiums
    (843 )                 390          
                       
                         
Total
  $ 16,904                 $ 52,341          
 
The nonprime mortgage market was hardest hit by the deterioration of the domestic housing market. The provision for loan loss and the allowance levels were driven primarily by the performance of the nonprime portfolio. We actively managed our nonprime exposure throughout the year ended December 31, 2007, eliminating nonprime production and completing the deconsolidation of various securitization trusts. As a result, the nonprime mortgage loans held for investment portfolio decreased $35.4 billion, or 67.7%, during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. In addition, the related allowance for loan losses as a percentage of the total nonprime mortgage loans held for investment portfolio increased from 2.67% as of December 31, 2006, to 3.48% at December 31, 2007. Nonprime mortgage loans held for investment past due 60 days or more as a percentage of the total unpaid principal balance was 25.2% as of December 31, 2007, compared to 15.5% as of December 31, 2006. Nonprime nonaccrual mortgage loans held for investment represented 9.6% of the total unpaid principal balance as of December 31, 2007, compared to 9.7% as of December 31, 2006. The decrease was largely attributable to the deconsolidation of various securitization trusts.
 
We originate and purchase mortgage loans that have contractual feature s that may increase our exposure to credit risk and thereby result in a concentration of credit risk. These mortgage loans include loans that may subject borrowers to significant future payment increases, create the potential for negative amortization of the principal balance or result in high loan-to-value ratios. These loan products include interest only mortgages, option adjustable rate mortgages, high loan-to-value mortgage loans, and teaser rate mortgages. Total loan production and combined exposure related to these products recorded in finance receivables and loans and loans held for sale for the years ended and as of December 31, 2007 and 2006, is summarized as follows:
 
                                 
        Unpaid principal
    Loan production
  balance as of
    for the year   December 31,
($ in millions)   2007   2006   2007   2006
 
Interest only mortgage loans
  $ 30,058     $ 48,335     $ 18,218     $ 22,416  
Payment option adjustable rate mortgage loans
    7,595       18,308       1,695       1,955  
High loan-to-value (100% or more) mortgage loans
    5,897       8,768       5,823       11,978  
Below market initial rate (teaser) mortgages
    38       257       1       192  


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
The underwriting guidelines for these products take into consideration the borrower’s capacity to repay the loan and credit history. We believe our underwriting procedures adequately consider the unique risks, which may come from these products. We conduct a variety of quality control procedures and periodic audits to ensure compliance with underwriting standards.
 
  Interest-only mortgages — Allow interest-only payments for a fixed period of time. At the end of the interest-only period, the loan payment includes principal payments and increases significantly. The borrower’s new payment, once the loan becomes amortizing (i.e., includes principal payments), will be greater than if the borrower had been making principal payments since the origination of the loan.
 
  Payment option adjustable rate mortgages — Permit a variety of repayment options. The repayment options include minimum, interest-only, fully amortizing 30-year, and fully amortizing 15-year payments. The minimum payment option sets the monthly payment at the initial interest rate for the first year of the loan. The interest rate resets after the first year, but the borrower can continue to make the minimum payment. The interest-only option sets the monthly payment at the amount of interest due on the loan. If the interest-only option payment would be less than the minimum payment, the interest-only option is not available to the borrower. Under the fully amortizing 30- and 15-year payment options, the borrower’s monthly payment is set based on the interest rate, loan balance, and remaining loan term.
 
  High loan-to-value mortgages — Defined as first-lien loans with loan-to-value ratios equal to or in excess of 100% or second-lien loans that when combined with the underlying first-lien mortgage loan result in a loan-to-value ratio equal to or in excess of 100%.
 
  Below market rate (teaser) mortgages — Contain contractual features that limit the initial interest rate to a below market interest rate for a specified time period with an increase to a market interest rate in a future period. The increase to the market interest rate could result in a significant increase in the borrower’s monthly payment amount.
 
Insurance
 
Results of Operations
The following table summarizes the operating results of our Insurance operations for the periods shown. The amounts presented are before the elimination of balances and transactions with our other operating segments.
 
                                             
                    2007-2006
  2006-2005
Year ended December 31, ($ in millions)   2007   2006   2005       % change   % change
 
Revenue
                                           
Insurance premiums and service revenue earned
    $4,338       $4,149       $3,729           5       11  
Investment income
    379       1,321       408           (71 )     224  
Other income
    185       146       122           27       20  
                 
                 
Total insurance premiums and other income
    4,902       5,616       4,259           (13 )     32  
Expense
                                           
Insurance losses and loss adjustment expenses
    2,451       2,420       2,355           1       3  
Acquisition and underwriting expense
    1,694       1,478       1,186           15       25  
Premium tax and other expense
    90       92       86           (2 )     7  
                 
                 
Total expense
    4,235       3,990       3,627           6       10  
Income before income tax expense
    667       1,626       632           (59 )     157  
Income tax expense
    208       499       215           (58 )     132  
                 
                 
Net income
    $459       $1,127       $417           (59 )     170  
               
Total assets
    $13,770       $13,424       $12,624           3       6  
               
Insurance premiums and service revenue written
    $4,039       $4,001       $4,039           1       (1 )
               
Combined ratio (a)
    93.5 %     92.3 %     93.9 %                    
 
(a) Management uses combined ratio as a primary measure of underwriting profitability with its components measured using accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Underwriting profitability is indicated by a combined ratio under 100% and is calculated as the sum of all incurred losses and expenses (excluding interest and income tax expense) divided by the total of premiums and service revenues earned and other income.


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
 
2007 Compared to 2006
Net income from Insurance operations totaled $459 million for the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to $1.1 billion in 2006. The decrease in net income was primarily due to a lower level of realized capital gains.
 
Insurance premiums and service revenue earned totaled $4.3 billion for the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to $4.1 billion in 2006. The increase was primarily due to growth in international operations, both organically and through the second quarter acquisition of Provident Insurance, and higher earnings in the extended service contract business. The increase was partially offset by challenging pricing conditions in the domestic personal insurance and reinsurance businesses.
 
The combination of investment and other income decreased 62% during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. Investment income decreased due to a $980 million decrease in realized capital gains during the year ended December 31, 2007, in comparison with 2006. The market value of the investment portfolio was $7.2 billion and $7.6 billion at December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively. The decrease was slightly offset by an increase in other income due primarily to higher service fees obtained from our international operations through organic growth.
 
Insurance losses and loss adjustment expenses totaled $2.5 billion for the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to $2.4 billion in 2006. Loss and loss adjustment expense increased due primarily to international operations, including the Provident Insurance acquisition and organic growth in other businesses. The increase was partially offset by lower loss experience in our U.S. extended service contract and personal insurance businesses driven by lower volumes and lower weather related losses affecting our reinsurance business.
 
The combination of acquisition and underwriting expense and premium tax and other expense increased 14% during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. Acquisition and underwriting expenses increased due to continued growth in international business and increases in expenses in both the U.S. personal insurance and extended service contract businesses.
 
2006 Compared to 2005
Net income from Insurance operations totaled a record $1.1 billion during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to $417 million in 2005. The increase in income was primarily a result of higher realized capital gains of approximately $1.0 billion in 2006 compared to $108 million in 2005. Underwriting results were favorable primarily due to increased insurance premiums and service revenue earned and improved loss and loss adjustment expense experience partially offset by higher expenses, resulting in a favorable decline of 1.6% in the combined ratio. In addition, 2006 results were enhanced by the first quarter acquisition of MEEMIC, a consumer products business that offers automobile and homeowners insurance in the Midwest.
 
Insurance premiums and service revenue earned increased by $420 million, or 11%, during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005. This increase was driven by the extended service contract line, primarily due to premiums and revenue from a higher volume of contracts written in prior years. Growth in domestic consumer products from the acquisition of MEEMIC was partially offset by a decline in existing business due to a competitive domestic environment. Domestic and international reinsurance businesses grew due to new product introductions. In addition, international consumer products have seen organic improvement in existing business.
 
Investment income increased by $913 million or 224% during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005. The increase was primarily attributable to higher realized capital gains, as well as increased interest and dividend income due to higher average portfolio balances throughout the majority of the year. During the fourth quarter, as part of our investment and capital strategy, the Insurance operations completed a securities portfolio review and decided to reduce the elevated investment leverage and redirect capital for growth strategies and dividends. This was achieved by reducing the investment in equity securities from just over 30% of total invested assets to less than 10%.
 
Insurance losses and loss adjustment expenses increased by $65 million, or 3%, during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005. The increase was primarily driven by the acquisition of MEEMIC and growth in the domestic assumed reinsurance and international consumer products businesses. This increase was partially offset by favorable loss trends experienced in the domestic and international extended service contract product lines driven by product mix, improved vehicle quality, aggressive loss control efforts, and lower losses in domestic consumer products due to decreased earned premium. Acquisition and underwriting expenses increased $292 million, or 25%, during the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 2005, because of higher insurance premiums and service revenue earned and because of higher amortization of deferred acquisition costs.
 
Insurance premiums and service revenue written totaled $4.0 billion during the year ended December 31, 2006, unchanged from 2005. Impacts in the year can be attributed to fewer extended service contracts sold, lower levels of new business, and renewals in domestic consumer products due to a competitive marketplace and the discontinuation of our force-place products. The primary factors affecting extended


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
service contract volume throughout the year were declining vehicle retail sales for GM brand products and lower penetration. The decrease in written business was partially offset by the acquisition of MEEMIC and growth in the assumed reinsurance product line with the introduction of new products.
 
In addition, the results were affected by GM’s announcement in the third quarter of 2006 that it was extending its power-train warranty in the United States and Canada across its entire 2007 car and light-duty truck lineup. The warranty extension provides coverage for up to five years or 100,000 miles. GM also expanded its roadside assistance and courtesy transportation programs to match the power-train warranty term. Refunds of $9.7 million were made in the fourth quarter of 2006 to customers who had already purchased an extended service contract on a 2007 GM vehicle.
 
Royalty Arrangement
For certain insurance products, GM and GMAC have entered into agreements allowing GMAC to use the GM name on certain insurance products. In exchange, GMAC will pay GM a minimum annual guaranteed royalty fee of $15 million.
 
Consumer Products
We underwrite and market nonstandard, standard, and preferred risk physical damage and liability insurance coverages for private passenger automobiles, motorcycles, recreational vehicles, and commercial automobiles and homeowners insurance through independent agency, direct response, and internet channels. Additionally, we market private-label insurance through a long-term agency relationship with Homesite Insurance, a national provider of home insurance products. We currently operate in all 50 states and the District of Columbia in the United States, with a significant amount of our business written in California, Florida, Michigan, New York, and North Carolina.
 
We had approximately 2.4 million and 1.9 million consumer products policyholders as of December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively. We offer our consumer product policies on a direct response basis through affinity groups, worksite programs, the internet, and through an extensive network of independent agencies. Approximately 438,000 and 435,000 of our policyholders were GM-related persons as of December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively. Through our relationship with GM, we utilize direct response and internet channels to reach GM’s current employees and retirees, as well as their families, and GM dealers and suppliers and their families. We have similar programs that utilize relationships with affinity groups. In addition, we reach a broader market of customers through independent agents and internet channels.
 
The GMAC Insurance Homeowners Program is a long-term agency relationship between GMAC Insurance and Homesite Insurance, a national provider of home insurance products. The relationship provides for Homesite Insurance to be the exclusive underwriter of homeowners insurance for our direct automobile and home insurance customer base, with Homesite Insurance assuming all underwriting risk and administration responsibilities. We receive a commission based on the policies written through this program.
 
We also underwrite personal automobile insurance coverage in Mexico, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Germany. We assume selected motor insurance risks, including credit life, through programs with Vauxhall, Opel, and Saab vehicle owner relationships in Europe as well as through similar programs in Latin America and Asia Pacific regions.
 
Other Consumer Products
We are a leading provider of automotive extended service contracts with mechanical breakdown and maintenance coverage. Our automotive extended service contracts offer vehicle owners and lessees mechanical repair protection and roadside assistance for new and used vehicles beyond the manufacturer’s new vehicle warranty. These extended service contracts are marketed through automobile dealerships, on a direct response basis, and through independent agents in the United States and Canada. The extended service contracts cover virtually all vehicle makes and models; however, our flagship extended service contract product is the General Motors Protection Plan. A significant portion of our overall vehicle service contracts are through the General Motors Protection Plan and cover vehicles manufactured by GM and its subsidiaries.
 
Our other products include Guaranteed Asset Protection (GAP) Insurance, which allows the recovery of a specified economic loss beyond the insured value. Internationally, our U.K.-based Car Care Plan subsidiary sells GAP products and provides automotive extended service contracts to customers via direct and dealer distribution channels; it is a leader in the extended service contract market in the U.K. Car Care Plan also operates in Europe and Latin America.
 
Commercial Products
We provide commercial insurance, primarily covering dealers’ wholesale vehicle inventory, and reinsurance products. Internationally, ABA Seguros provides certain commercial business insurance exclusively in Mexico, and Car Care Plan reinsures dealer vehicle inventory in Europe, Latin America, and Asia Pacific.
 
We are a market leader with respect to wholesale vehicle inventory insurance. Our wholesale vehicle inventory insurance provides physical damage protection for dealers’ floor plan vehicles. It includes coverage for both GMAC and


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
non-GMAC financed inventory and is available in the United States to virtually all new car franchise dealerships.
 
We also conduct reinsurance operations primarily in the United States market through our subsidiary, GMAC RE, which underwrites diverse property and casualty risks. Reinsurance coverage is primarily insurance for insurance companies designed to stabilize their results, protect against unforeseen events, and facilitate business growth. We primarily provide reinsurance through broker treaties and direct treaties with other insurers, and we also provide facultative reinsurance. Facultative reinsurance allows the reinsured party the option of submitting individual risks and allows the reinsurer the option of accepting or declining individual risks. Reinsurance products are offered internationally, generated primarily from GM and GMAC distribution channels.
 
International operations also manage a fee-focused insurance program through which commissions are earned from third-party insurers offering insurance products primarily to GMAC customers worldwide.
 
Underwriting and Risk Management
We determine the premium rates for our insurance policies and pricing for our extended service contracts based upon an analysis of expected losses using historical experience and anticipated future trends. For example, in pricing our extended service contracts, we make assumptions as to the price of replacement parts and repair labor rates in the future.
 
In underwriting our insurance policies and extended service contracts, we assess the particular risk involved and determine the acceptability of the risk, as well as the categorization of the risk for appropriate pricing. We base our determination of the risk on various assumptions tailored to the respective insurance product. With respect to extended service contracts, assumptions include the quality of the vehicles produced and new model introductions. Personal automotive insurance assumptions include individual state regulatory requirements.
 
In some instances, ceded reinsurance is used to reduce the risk associated with volatile businesses, such as catastrophe risk in U.S. dealer vehicle inventory insurance or smaller businesses, such as Canadian automobile or European dealer vehicle inventory insurance. In 2007, we ceded approximately 13% of our U.S. consumer products insurance premiums to government-managed pools of risk. Our consumer products business is covered by traditional catastrophe protection, aggregate stop loss protection, and an extension of catastrophe coverage for hurricane events. In addition, loss control techniques, such as hail nets or storm path monitoring to assist dealers in preparing for severe weather, help to mitigate loss potential.
 
We mitigate losses by the active management of claim settlement activities using experienced claims personnel and the evaluation of current period reported claims. Losses for these events may be compared to prior claims experience, expected claims, or loss expenses from similar incidents to assess the reasonableness of incurred losses.
 
Loss Reserves
In accordance with industry and accounting practices and applicable insurance laws and regulatory requirements, we maintain reserves for both reported losses and losses incurred but not reported, as well as loss adjustment expenses. These reserves are based on various estimates and assumptions and are maintained both for business written on a current basis and policies written and fully earned in prior years, to the extent there continues to be outstanding and open claims in the process of resolution. Refer to the Critical Accounting Estimates section of this MD&A and Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion. The estimated values of our prior reported loss reserves and changes to the estimated values are routinely monitored by credentialed actuaries. Our reserve estimates are regularly reviewed by management. However, since the reserves are based on estimates and numerous assumptions, the ultimate liability may differ from the amount estimated.
 
Investments
A significant aspect of our Insurance operations is the investment of proceeds from premiums and other revenue sources. We will use these investments to satisfy our obligations related to future claims at the time these claims are settled. Investment securities are classified as available-for-sale and carried at fair value. Unrealized losses on investment securities that are considered by management to be other than temporary are recognized in earnings through a write-down in the carrying value to the current fair value of the investment. Unrealized gains or losses are included in other comprehensive income, as a component of equity. Fair value of fixed income and equity securities is based upon quoted market prices where available.
 
Our Insurance operations have a Finance Committee, which develops guidelines and strategies for these investments. The guidelines established by this finance committee reflect our risk tolerance, liquidity requirements, regulatory requirements, and rating agencies considerations, among other factors. Our investment portfolio is managed by General Motors Asset Management (GMAM). GMAM directly manages certain portions of our insurance investment portfolio and recommends, oversees, and evaluates specialty asset managers in other areas.


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
Financial Strength Ratings
Substantially all of our U.S. Insurance operations have a Financial Strength Rating (FSR) and an Issuer Credit Rating (ICR) from A.M. Best Company. Our Insurance operations outside the United States are not rated. The FSR is intended to be an indicator of the ability of the insurance company to meet its senior most obligations to policyholders. Lower ratings generally result in fewer opportunities to write business as insureds, particularly large commercial insureds, and insurance companies purchasing reinsurance have guidelines requiring high FSR ratings.
 
On January 9, 2008, A.M. Best confirmed the FSR of our U.S. Insurance companies at A− and revised the outlook to negative.
 
 


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
Other Operations
 
Certain financial data related to corporate activities were recast from our Global Automotive Finance operations segment to our Other operations segment. Refer to Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional details regarding the change in segment information. Net income for Other operations was $70 million for the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to a loss of $950 million for the year ended December 31, 2006. During the year ended December 31, 2006, our Commercial Finance Group recognized a noncash charge of $840 million ($695 million after-tax) for impairment of goodwill and other intangibles. Excluding these impairment charges, the increases in net income primarily reflected improved profitability of our Commercial Finance Group.
 
Excluding the impairment charges of $840 million during the year ended December 31, 2006, net income of our Commercial Finance Group and our corporate activities increased $325 million during the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 2006. The increase in net income was primarily due to decreased interest expense, a lower provision for credit losses in our Commercial Finance Group, and a $42 million gain recognized on the repurchase and retirement of ResCap debt. The Commercial Finance Group achieved lower interest expense by decreasing its cost of borrowing through a greater use of secured funding. The lower provision for credit losses resulted from generally favorable credit experience.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2006, Other operations experienced a net loss of $950 million, compared to $309 million for the same period of 2005. The decrease in net income was mainly due to the decline in our income from Capmark (our former commercial mortgage operation) of $237 million due to the sale of 79% of the business on March 23, 2006, additional noncash goodwill impairment charges, higher loss provisions, and the tax impact related to the company’s LLC conversion. Total net revenue decreased mainly from the sale of Capmark in 2006, as the results of Capmark operations were fully consolidated in 2005.
 
Our Commercial Finance Group, recognized noncash goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges during the year ended December 31, 2006, in accordance with Statements of Financial Accounting Standards No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets (SFAS 142) and No. 144, Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets (SFAS 144), of $840 million ($695 million after-tax) as the carrying value for the assets was greater than the fair value based on a discounted cash flow model. Other operations also experienced a goodwill impairment charge of $712 million ($439 million after-tax) million during the year ended December 31, 2005 primarily related to our Commercial Finance Group. All goodwill related to our Other operations was written off as of December 31, 2006. The provision for credit losses increased by $122 million mostly due to a decline in the present value of expected future cash flows or collateral value for collateral dependent loans, resulting from management’s decision to take a liquidate versus hold approach to many troubled legacy accounts. Higher funding and maintenance costs on these primarily nonearning loans drove the change in approach. Finally, the results were also unfavorably impacted by the write-off of $115 million of deferred tax assets related to the LLC conversion.
 
Funding and Liquidity
 
Funding Strategy
Our liquidity and our ongoing profitability are largely dependent upon our timely access to capital and the costs associated with raising funds in different segments of the capital markets. The goal of liquidity management is to provide adequate funds to meet changes in loan and lease demand, debt maturities, and unexpected deposit withdrawals. Our primary funding objective is to ensure that we have adequate, reliable access to liquidity throughout all market cycles, including periods of financial distress. We actively manage our liquidity and mitigate our funding risk using the following practices:
 
  Maintaining diversified sources of funding — Over the past several years, our strategy has focused on diversification of our funding. We have developed diversified funding sources across a global investor base, both public and private and, as appropriate, extended debt maturities. This diversification has been achieved in a variety of ways and in a variety of markets, including whole-loan sales, the public and private debt capital markets, and asset-backed facilities, as well as through deposit-gathering and other financing activities. The diversity of our funding sources enhances funding flexibility, limits dependence on any one source of funds, and results in a more cost-effective strategy over the long term. In developing diverse funding sources, management considers market conditions, prevailing interest rates, liquidity needs, and the desired maturity profile of our liabilities. This strategy has helped us maintain liquidity during periods of weakness in the capital markets, changes in our business, and changes in our credit ratings. More specifically, our development of secured funding alternatives has been critical as we have recently been unable to access the long-term unsecured markets in a cost-effective manner due to our weakened credit rating and recent performance, as well as the current difficulties in the credit markets. Despite our diverse


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
funding sources and strategies, our ability to maintain liquidity may be affected by certain risks. Refer to Risk Factors in Item 1A for further discussion.
 
  Obtaining sufficient short- and long-term financing — We have significant short- and long-term financing needs. We monitor the duration profile of our assets and then establish an appropriate liability maturity ladder.
 
  Short-term financing — We require short-term funding to finance our short-duration assets, such as mortgage loans held for sale, dealer floor plan receivables, and factoring receivables. We regularly forecast our cash position and our potential funding needs, taking into account debt maturities and potential peak balance sheet levels over a medium-term time horizon.
 
  Long-term financing — Our long-term unsecured financings fund long-term assets (such as mortgages held for investment, retail auto contracts and leases, and equity interests in securitizations) and over-collateralization required to support our structured financing facilities. We regularly assess the term structure of our assets and liabilities and interest rate risk. In addition, we manage our long-term debt maturities and credit facility expirations to minimize refinancing risk and maturity concentrations. We consider the available capacity and relative cost given market constraints, as well as the potential impact on our credit ratings. We meet our long-term financing needs from a variety of sources including public corporate debt, credit facilities, secured financings, and off-balance sheet securitizations.
 
  Optimizing our use of secured funding programs — Secured funding sources are generally unaffected by ratings on corporate unsecured debt. In addition, depending on the structure, secured funding may reduce our risk exposure to the underlying assets. Given these benefits, we have developed meaningful sources of funding in the asset-backed securities markets. We rely heavily on whole-loan sales and securitizations to fund our mortgage and automotive originations. As in the unsecured markets, we have experienced significant price increases, as well as, higher levels of credit enhancements for several fundings.
 
  Balancing access to liquidity and cost of funding — Maintaining sufficient access to liquidity is vital to our business. Given our current credit ratings, we have conservatively maintained large and varied sources of liquidity. We have established a number of committed liquidity facilities that provide further protection against market volatility or disruptions. Our management regularly evaluates the cost of the cash portfolio and committed facilities compared to the potential risks and adjusts capacity levels according to market conditions and our credit profile.
 
  Maintaining an active dialogue with the rating agencies — The cost and availability of most funding are influenced by credit ratings, which are intended to be an indicator of the creditworthiness of a particular company, security, or obligation. Lower ratings generally result in higher unsecured borrowing costs, as well as reduced access to unsecured capital markets. This is particularly true for certain institutional investors, such as money market investors, whose investment guidelines require investment grade ratings in the two highest rating categories for short-term debt. Substantially all our debt has been rated by nationally recognized statistical rating organizations. We maintain an active dialogue with each rating agency throughout the year.
 
Recent Funding Developments
During the second half of 2007, the mortgage and capital markets experienced significant stress. Like many other financial institutions, GMAC was faced with the challenge of maintaining sufficient liquidity and capital in an environment of increasing funding costs. Our ongoing practice of exercising prudent liquidity and capital management was critical in allowing us to maintain flexibility during a period of severe market disruption.
 
  In September 2007, we entered into an agreement with Citigroup Global Markets Inc. (Citi) that provides up to $21.4 billion in various secured funding facilities for our Global Automotive Finance and Commercial Finance operations as well as ResCap.
 
  While we had consistent access to the term market for public asset-backed securities financing automotive finance assets, pricing for the issuance of such securities has increased. The market for term asset-backed securities financing mortgage assets experienced a significant reduction in liquidity, though we continued to issue securities when the pricing was favorable compared to alternative funding.
 
  Cash balances were increased to ensure we had sufficient reserve liquidity. On a consolidated basis we increased cash and marketable securities from $17.5 billion at June 30, 2007, to $22.7 billion at December 31, 2007. ResCap’s cash and marketable securities increased from $3.7 billion to $4.4 billion during the same period.
 
  Our Automotive Finance commercial paper conduit, New Center Asset Trust (NCAT) continued to sell new securities and meet all maturities. The amount of commercial paper held by investors increased from $6.5 billion at June 30, 2007, to $6.9 billion at December 31, 2007.


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
  ResCap met its financial covenants for 2007 and ended the year with $6.0 billion of total equity.
 
  In November 2007, GMAC’s owners converted $1.1 billion of preferred equity into common equity.
 
  GMAC and ResCap completed a tender offer and open market repurchase of ResCap and GMAC unsecured bonds with near-term maturity dates. A total book value of $1.7 billion of ResCap debt was retired in November and December 2007. We will continue to monitor the credit markets for further opportunities to repurchase our bonds at prices deemed favorable relative to value at maturity.
 
In the early part of 2008, the credit markets continue to remain under pressure. In this environment our strategy will remain unchanged and we will remain very focused on our liquidity position. Thus far in 2008 we continue to access the public markets for auto-related asset-backed securities, extend key facilities and evaluate various strategic alternatives related to the ResCap business. The continuing global dislocation in the mortgage and credit markets has prompted ResCap’s liquidity providers to evaluate their risk tolerance for their exposure to mortgage related credits. Because of this, there are several key risks and uncertainties which could negatively impact ResCap’s liquidity position in 2008. This includes, but is not limited to, ResCap’s business segments’ ability to close new and renew existing key sources of liquidity (domestic and international), incremental margin calls related to potentially lower valuations of collateralized assets on interest rate and foreign exchange swaps, and further tightening by liquidity providers such as encountering more counterparties opting for shorter-dated extensions of existing facilities with more expensive terms instead of providing long-term commitments and lower advance rates. Nevertheless, there are several key risks and uncertainties that could potentially have a negative impact on liquidity in 2008. These risks include, but are not limited to, further negative actions from credit rating agencies, inability to originate and extend liquidity facilities, as well as increased credit enhancements for secured funding and derivative transactions.
 
On December 6, 2007, the American Securitization Forum (ASF), working with various constituency groups, as well as, representatives of U.S. federal government agencies, issued the Streamlined Foreclosure and Loss Avoidance Framework (ASF Framework). The ASF Framework provides guidance for servicers to streamline borrower evaluation procedures and to facilitate the use of foreclosure and loss prevention efforts in an attempt to reduce the number of U.S. subprime residential mortgage borrowers who might default in the coming year because the borrowers cannot afford to pay the increased loan interest rate after their U.S. subprime residential mortgage variable loan rate reset. The ASF Framework requires a borrower and its U.S. subprime residential mortgage variable loan to meet specific conditions to qualify for a modification under which the qualifying borrower’s loan’s interest rate would be kept at the existing rate, generally for 5 years following an upcoming reset period. The ASF Framework is focused on U.S. subprime first-lien adjustable-rate residential mortgages that have an initial fixed interest rate period of 36-months or less, are included in securitized pools, were originated between January 1, 2005 and July 31, 2007, and have an initial interest rate reset date between January 1, 2008 and July 31, 2010 (defined as “Segment 2 Subprime ARM Loans” within the ASF Framework). At this time, we believe any loan modifications we make in accordance with the ASF Framework will not have a material affect on our accounting for U.S. subprime residential mortgage loans nor securitizations or retained interests in securitizations of U.S. subprime residential mortgage loans.
 
Cash Flows
2007 Compared to 2006
Net cash provided by operating activities was $1.5 billion for the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to a net use of cash of $14.7 billion for the year ended December 31, 2006. Cash used by operating activities primarily includes cash used for the origination and purchase of certain mortgage and automotive loans held for sale and the cash proceeds from the sales of, and principal repayments on, such loans. Our ability to originate and sell mortgage loans at previously experienced volumes has been hindered by the deterioration of the nonprime and nonconforming mortgage market and a challenging interest rate environment. As a result, net cash provided by operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2007, has increased compared to 2006, because the level of originations and purchases of mortgage loans held for sale decreased at a greater rate than cash inflows from sales and repayments of mortgage loans.
 
Net cash provided by investing activities was $18.2 billion for the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to $24.8 billion for the year ended December 31, 2006. The decrease in net cash provided by investing activities was attributable to proceeds from the sale of business units of approximately $8.5 billion during 2006. This was primarily related to the sale of our commercial mortgage business, which occurred during the first quarter of 2006. There were no similar transactions during 2007. The use of cash from the purchase of available-for-sale investment securities, net of sales and maturities, was approximately $0.6 billion during 2007, as compared to a source of cash of approximately $1.6 billion during 2006, a decrease in cash flows of approximately $2.2 billion. Additionally, we received a net cash settlement of $1.4 billion for residual support and risk-sharing obligations from GM during 2006 as a part of the


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
sale transaction. There were no similar transactions during 2007. These net decreases in cash from investing activities were partially offset by net cash inflows that arose from the decrease in the size of our on-balance sheet loan portfolio. When considering proceeds from sales of finance receivables and loans in conjunction with the net increase in finance receivables and loans, cash inflows increased from approximately $23 billion in 2006 to $28.9 billion in 2007.
 
Net cash used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2007, totaled $17.6 billion, compared to $10.6 billion for the year ended December 31, 2006. During 2007 short-term debt repayments increased relative to the prior year as a result of a decrease in the size of our on-balance sheet loan portfolio. Net cash used for the repayment of short-term debt was approximately $9.2 billion during 2007, as compared to a net source of cash of approximately $2.7 billion during 2006, resulting in a decrease in cash flows of approximately $11.9 billion. This was partially offset by a reduction in dividend payments of approximately $4.6 billion during 2007 compared to 2006.
 
We believe existing cash and investment balances, funding activities, as well as cash flows from operations, will be adequate to meet our capital and liquidity needs during the next twelve months.
 
2006 Compared to 2005
Net cash used in operating activities was $14.7 billion for the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to a net use of cash of $23.1 billion for the year ended December 31, 2005. Cash used by operating activities primarily includes cash used for the origination and purchase of certain mortgage and automotive loans held for sale and the cash proceeds from the sales of, and principal repayments on, such loans. During the fourth quarter of 2006, our ability to originate and sell mortgage loans at previously experienced volumes was hindered by the deterioration of the nonprime and nonconforming mortgage market and a challenging interest rate environment. As a result, net cash used to acquire mortgage loans did not increase at the same rate as proceeds from the sales and repayments of mortgage loans for the year ended December 31, 2006, as compared to 2005 levels.
 
Net cash provided by investing activities was $24.8 billion for the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to $14.2 billion for the year ended December 31, 2005. The increase in net cash provided by investing activities was attributable to proceeds from the sales of business units of approximately $8.5 billion during 2006. This was primarily related to the sale of our commercial mortgage business, which occurred during the first quarter of 2006. There were no similar transactions during 2005. Additionally, proceeds from the sales and maturities of available-for-sale investment securities, net of purchases resulted in a source of cash of approximately $1.6 billion during 2006, as compared to a net use of cash of approximately $4.6 billion during 2005. These sources of cash were largely offset by a decrease in cash proceeds from the sales of finance receivables, which were $8.0 billion lower during 2006 as compared to 2005.
 
Net cash used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2006, totaled $10.6 billion, compared to a net cash provided by financing activities of $2.1 billion for the year ended December 31, 2005. During 2006, debt repayments increased relative to the prior period as a result of a decrease in the size of our on-balance sheet loan portfolio. Additionally, we paid approximately $2.3 billion more in dividends during 2006, compared to 2005, primarily as a result of the Sale Transactions. This was partially offset by a $1.9 billion increase in cash related to the issuance of preferred securities in conjunction with the Sale Transactions.


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
Funding Sources
The following table summarizes debt and other sources of funding by source and the amount outstanding under each category for the periods shown.
                 
    Outstanding
    December 31,
  December 31,
($ in millions)   2007   2006
 
Commercial paper
    $1,439       $1,523  
Institutional term debt
    63,207       70,266  
Retail debt programs
    26,175       29,308  
Secured financings
    90,809       123,485  
Bank loans, and other
    10,947       12,512  
 
 
Total debt (a)
    192,577       237,094  
Bank deposits (b)
    13,708       10,488  
Off-balance sheet securitizations
               
Retail finance receivables
    14,328       7,928  
Wholesale loans
    16,813       19,227  
Mortgage loans
    136,108       118,918  
 
 
Total funding
    373,534       393,655  
Less: cash balance (c)
    (22,706 )     (18,252 )
 
 
Net funding
  $ 350,828     $ 375,403  
Leverage ratio covenant (d)
    8.5:1       10.9:1  
(a) Excludes fair value adjustment as described in Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
(b) Includes consumer and commercial bank deposits and dealer wholesale deposits.
(c) Includes $17.7 billion in cash and cash equivalents and $5.0 billion invested in certain marketable securities at December 31, 2007; and $15.5 billion in cash and cash equivalents and $2.8 billion invested in certain marketable securities at December 31, 2006.
(d) Our credit facilities include a leverage covenant that restricts the ratio of consolidated borrowed funds (excluding certain obligations of bankruptcy-remote, special-purpose entities) to consolidated net worth (including the existing preferred membership interests) to be no greater than 11.0:1 under certain conditions. The leverage ratio covenant excludes from debt, securitization transactions that are accounted for on-balance sheet as secured financings totaling $60,898 and $79,903 at December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
 
Short-term Debt
We obtain short-term funding from the sale of floating-rate demand notes under a program referred to as GMAC LLC Demand Notes. These notes can be redeemed at any time at the option of the holder thereof without restriction. Our domestic and international unsecured and secured commercial paper programs also provide short-term funding, as do short-term bank loans. While we attempt to stagger the maturities of our short-term funding sources to reduce refinancing risk, this has become more difficult given recent market disruptions.
 
As of December 31, 2007, we had $33.8 billion in short-term debt outstanding. Refer to Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information about our outstanding short-term debt.
 
Long-term Unsecured Debt
We meet our long-term financing needs from a variety of sources, including public corporate debt and credit facilities. During the year ended December 31, 2007, we raised approximately $4.6 billion in unsecured debt in different markets and currencies that was used to finance our Global Automotive Finance operations, both domestically and internationally, while ResCap raised $4.0 billion in several unsecured markets. The long-term unsecured debt was all issued in the second quarter of 2007. Given our sufficient liquidity position and the severe widening of our unsecured credit spreads in the second half of 2007, we chose not to issue long-term unsecured debt during the second half of the year ended December 31, 2007. In addition, we have various liquidity facilities with a number of different lenders in multiple jurisdictions.
 
The following table presents the scheduled maturity of unsecured long-term debt at December 31, 2007, assuming that no early redemptions occur:
 
                                 
    Global
           
    Automotive
           
    Finance
           
($ in millions)   operations (a)   ResCap   Total    
 
2008
  $ 13,306       $4,269     $ 17,575          
2009
    12,226       2,684       14,910          
2010
    6,921       3,145       10,066          
2011
    12,094       1,303       13,397          
2012
    5,652       2,152       7,804          
2013 and thereafter
    18,637       3,794       22,431          
 
 
Unsecured long-term debt (b)
    68,836       17,347       86,183          
Unamortized discount
    (285 )     (12 )     (297 )        
 
 
Total unsecured long-term debt
  $ 68,551     $ 17,335     $ 85,886          
(a) Consists of debt we or our subsidiaries incur to finance our Global Automotive Finance operations.
(b) Debt issues totaling $13,985 million are redeemable at or above par, at our option anytime before the scheduled maturity dates, the latest of which is November 2049.
 
Secured Financings and Off-balance Sheet Securitizations
As part of our ongoing funding and risk management practices, we have established secondary market trading and securitization arrangements that provide long-term financing primarily for our automotive and mortgage loans. We have had consistent access to these markets in the past and expect


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
to continue to access the securitization markets going forward. In the near term there is limited access for certain securitizations, especially those that are supported by non-agency mortgage assets.
 
During 2007, more than 91.9% of our North American Automotive Finance operations volume was funded through secured funding arrangements or automotive whole-loan sales. In 2007, our North American Automotive Finance operations executed approximately $26.9 billion in automotive whole-loan sales and off-balance sheet securitizations. In addition, our North American Automotive Finance operations executed approximately $29.1 billion in secured funding during the year. Our International Automotive Finance operations funds approximately 30% of its automotive operations through securitizations and other forms of secured funding.
 
The following table summarizes assets that are restricted as collateral for the payment of related debt obligations. These restrictions primarily arise from securitization transactions accounted for as secured borrowings and repurchase agreements.
 
                                 
    2007   2006
        Related
      Related
December 31,
      secured
      secured
($ in millions)   Assets   debt (a)   Assets   debt (a)
 
Loans held for sale
    $10,437       $6,765       $22,834       $20,525  
Mortgage assets held for investment and lending receivables
    45,534       33,911       80,343       68,333  
Retail automotive finance receivables
    23,079       19,094       17,802       16,439  
Wholesale automotive finance receivables
    10,092       7,709       2,108       1,479  
Investment securities
    880       788       3,662       4,523  
Investment in operating leases, net
    20,107       17,926       8,258       7,636  
Real estate investments and other assets (b)
    14,429       4,616       8,025       4,550  
 
 
Total
    $124,558       $90,809       $143,032       $123,485  
(a) Included as part of secured debt are repurchase agreements of $3.6 billion and $11.5 billion where we have pledged assets as collateral for approximately the same amount of debt at December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
(b) On November 22, 2006, GM assumed $10.1 billion of debt secured by $12.6 billion of net operating lease assets GMAC distributed to GM. Refer to Note 19 for further discussion of the distribution.
 
Bank Deposits
We accept commercial and consumer deposits through GMAC Bank in the United States. The main sources of deposits for GMAC Bank are certificates of deposit and brokered deposits. As of December 31, 2007, GMAC Bank had approximately $12.8 billion of deposits compared to $9.9 billion as of December 31, 2006. We also have banking operations in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, France, Germany, and Poland that fund automotive assets. Some of these operations utilize certificates of deposit for local funding.
 
Cash Balance
We maintain a large cash balance, including certain marketable securities, that can be utilized to meet our obligations in the event of a market disruption. Cash and cash equivalents and certain marketable securities totaled $22.7 billion as of December 31, 2007, up from $18.3 billion on December 31, 2006.
 


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
 
Funding Facilities
The following table highlights committed, uncommitted, and total capacity under our secured and unsecured funding facilities as of December 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006. The financial institutions providing the uncommitted facilities are not legally obligated to advance funds under them.
 
                                                 
Total liquidity facilities
    December 31, 2007   December 31, 2006
($ in billions)   Committed   Uncommitted   Total   Committed   Uncommitted   Total
 
Unsecured funding facilities
    $12.7       $10.5       $23.2       $14.5       $10.3       $24.8  
Secured funding facilities
    146.3       21.6       167.9       134.6       73.3       207.9  
 
 
Total funding facilities
    $159.0       $32.1       $191.1       $149.1       $83.6       $232.7  
 
Unsecured Funding Facilities
The following table summarizes our unsecured committed capacity as of December 31, 2007, and December 31, 2006.
 
                                                 
Unsecured committed facilities
    December 31, 2007   December 31, 2006
        Unused
  Total
      Unused
  Total
($ in billions)   Outstanding   capacity   capacity   Outstanding   capacity   capacity
 
Automotive Finance operations:
                                               
Revolving credit facility — 364 day
    $—       $3.0       $3.0       $—       $3.3       $3.3  
Revolving credit facility — multi-year
          3.0       3.0             4.4       4.4  
International bank lines
    1.9       1.0       2.9       1.1       1.4       2.5  
 
 
Total Automotive Finance operations
    1.9       7.0       8.9       1.1       9.1       10.2  
 
 
ResCap:
                                               
Revolving credit facility — 364 day
          0.9       0.9             0.9       0.9  
Revolving credit facility — multi-year
          0.9       0.9             0.9       0.9  
Bank term loans
    1.8             1.8       1.8             1.8  
International bank lines
                      0.2       0.2       0.4  
 
 
Total ResCap
    1.8       1.8       3.6       2.0       2.0       4.0  
 
 
Other:
                                               
Insurance operations
          0.1       0.1             0.1       0.1  
Commercial Finance operations
          0.1       0.1             0.2       0.2  
 
 
Total Other
          0.2       0.2             0.3       0.3  
 
 
Total
    $3.7       $9.0       $12.7       $3.1       $11.4       $14.5  
 
Revolving credit facilities — As of December 31, 2007, we had four unsecured syndicated bank facilities totaling $7.8 billion. We maintain $6.0 billion of unsecured revolving credit facilities, including a $3.0 billion 364-day facility that matures in June 2008 and a $3.0 billion 5-year term facility that matures in June 2012. ResCap also maintains $1.75 billion of unsecured revolving credit facilities, including an $875 million 364-day facility that matures in June 2008 and a $875 million 3-year term facility that matures in June 2010. The 364-day facilities for both GMAC and ResCap include a term-out option, which, if exercised by us before expiration, carries a one-year term.
 
Certain credit facilities include a leverage covenant that restricts the ratio of consolidated borrowed funds (excluding certain obligations of bankruptcy-remote, special-purpose entities) to consolidated net worth (including the existing preferred membership interests) to be no greater than 11.0:1, under certain conditions. More specifically, the covenant is only applicable on the last day of any fiscal quarter (other than the fiscal quarter during which a change in rating occurs) during such times that we have senior, unsecured, long-term debt outstanding without third-party enhancement that is rated BBB+ or less (by Standard & Poor’s) or Baa1 or less (by Moody’s).
 
Our leverage ratio covenant was 8.5:1 at December 31, 2007; therefore, we are in compliance with this covenant as of this date.
 
ResCap maintains $3.5 billion of unsecured syndicated bank facilities. These credit facilities each contain a financial


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis
GMAC LLC  Form 10-K
 
covenant, among other covenants, requiring ResCap to maintain a minimum consolidated tangible net worth (as defined in each respective agreement) as of the end of each fiscal quarter. Under the agreements, ResCap’s tangible net worth cannot fall below a base amount plus an amount equal to 25% of ResCap net income (if positive) for the fiscal year since the closing date of the applicable agreement. As of December 31, 2007, the