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Futu Announces Third Quarter 2023 Unaudited Financial Results

HONG KONG, Nov. 23, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Futu Holdings Limited (“Futu” or the “Company”) (Nasdaq: FUTU), a leading tech-driven online brokerage and wealth management platform, today announced its unaudited financial results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2023.

Third Quarter 2023 Operational Highlights

  • Total number of paying clients1 increased 14.2% year-over-year to 1,650,843 as of September 30, 2023.
  • Total number of registered clients2 increased 11.4% year-over-year to 3,490,292 as of September 30, 2023.
  • Total number of users3 increased 10.1% year-over-year to 21.1 million as of September 30, 2023.
  • Total client assets increased 26.6% year-over-year to HK$468.1 billion as of September 30, 2023.
  • Daily average client assets were HK$480.6 billion in the third quarter of 2023, an increase of 15.4% from the same period in 2022.
  • Total trading volume in the third quarter of 2023 increased by 0.5% year-over-year to HK$1.1 trillion, in which trading volume for U.S. stocks was HK$804.4 billion, trading volume for Hong Kong stocks was HK$272.5 billion, and trading volume for stocks under the Stock Connect was HK$9.5 billion.
  • Daily average revenue trades (DARTs)4 in the third quarter of 2023 declined 7.2% year-over-year to 416,005.
  • Margin financing and securities lending balance increased 9.4% year-over-year to HK$32.4 billion as of September 30, 2023.

Third quarter 2023 Financial Highlights

  • Total revenues increased 36.2% year-over-year to HK$2,650.4 million (US$338.5 million).
  • Total gross profit increased 28.1% year-over-year to HK$2,213.0 million (US$282.6 million).
  • Net income increased 44.6% year-over-year to HK$1,091.2 million (US$139.3 million).
  • Non-GAAP adjusted net income5 increased 43.7% year-over-year to HK$1,158.0 million (US$147.9 million).

Mr. Leaf Hua Li, Futu’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, said, “In the third quarter, we added approximately 65 thousand paying clients, bringing our total paying clients to over 1.65 million. We acquired more than 163 thousand paying clients in the first three quarters of this year, already exceeding our full-year guidance for 2023.”

“In Hong Kong, we acquired clients through targeted marketing campaigns around the government’s green bond and silver bond offerings. In late July, we opened our first offline store in Hong Kong to enhance brand recognition, assist with account opening, and showcase product features. The offline store has become an important avenue for us to attract and engage with older clients – those aged 55 and above contributed over half of paying clients we acquired through the offline store in the third quarter. In Singapore, paying client growth remained resilient as money market funds continued to gain traction amid the high rate environment. In the U.S., new paying client quality, measured by average net asset inflow, continued to edge up. In September, we kicked off client acquisition in two international markets, namely Japan and Canada. We will continue to focus on refining our account opening “golden process,” expanding trading products, and iterating on marketing messages during the early innings of market launch. Despite bearish sentiments across global equity markets, our paying client retention rate remained above 98% during the third quarter.”

“Total client assets increased by 26.6% year-over-year to HK$468.1 billion. While mark-to-market losses weighed on the valuation of our clients’ stock holdings, total client assets remained stable quarter-over-quarter due to robust net asset inflow. In Singapore, total client assets recorded double-digit sequential growth for the fifth consecutive quarter, bolstered by strong asset inflow into cash management products.”

“Both the Hong Kong and U.S. equity markets recorded strong performance in July. As a result, total trading volume increased by 13.6% sequentially to HK$1.1 trillion. Client’s elevated trading interests in leveraged and inverse ETFs led Hong Kong stock trading volume to grow by 5.4% quarter-over-quarter to HK$272.5 billion. Higher trading turnover of the Magnificent Seven stocks sent U.S. stock trading volume up by 19.0% quarter-over-quarter to HK$804.4 billion.”

“We continued to enrich product offerings across markets. In Singapore, we launched fractional shares for U.S. stocks and ETFs, lowering the investment threshold for novice investors. We introduced multi-leg options rollover strategy in Hong Kong and the U.S. to enhance product capabilities for active options traders.”

“Total client assets in wealth management climbed to HK$52 billion, up 99.9% year-over-year and 19.3% quarter-over-quarter. As of quarter end, client’s bond holdings jumped by 86.8% sequentially, mainly attributable to strong demand for U.S. treasury bills. In Singapore, wealth management asset balance grew six-fold year-over-year, as more clients turned to the stable returns of money market funds. To cater to the diversified investment needs of our clients in Singapore, we launched structured notes and onboarded Singapore treasury bills.”

“We had 391 IPO distribution and IR clients as of quarter end, up 29.9% year-over-year. In the third quarter, we acted as joint bookrunners of several high-profile Hong Kong IPOs, including those of TUHU Car, 4Paradigm, and KEEP.”

Mr. Arthur Yu Chen, Futu’s Chief Financial Officer, added, “For our latest share repurchase program, we had repurchased an aggregate of 11 million American Depositary Shares (“ADSs”) with approximately US$365 million total repurchased amount in open market transactions as of September 30, 2023.”

Third quarter 2023 Financial Results


Total revenues were HK$2,650.4 million (US$338.5 million), an increase of 36.2% from HK$1,945.6 million in the third quarter of 2022.

Brokerage commission and handling charge income was HK$1,008.9 million (US$128.8 million), an increase of 5.3% from the third quarter of 2022. Despite flat year-over-year trading volume growth, blended commission rate increased from 8.8bps to 9.3bps due to higher contribution from derivatives trading.

Interest income was HK$1,504.5 million (US$192.1 million), an increase of 70.8% from the third quarter of 2022. The increase was mainly driven by higher interest income from bank deposits and securities borrowing and lending business.

Other income was HK$137.1 million (US$17.5 million), an increase of 28.1% from the third quarter of 2022. The increase was largely due to higher fund distribution service income.


Total costs were HK$437.4 million (US$55.9 million), an increase of 100.6% from HK$218.1 million in the third quarter of 2022.

Brokerage commission and handling charge expenses were HK$62.8 million (US$8.0 million), a decrease of 24.0% from the third quarter of 2022. Brokerage expenses didn’t move in tandem with brokerage income mainly due to cost savings from our U.S. self-clearing business.

Interest expenses were HK$288.7 million (US$36.9 million), an increase of 545.9% from the third quarter of 2022. The increase was mainly driven by higher expenses associated with our securities borrowing and lending business.

Processing and servicing costs were HK$85.8 million (US$11.0 million), a decrease of 5.5% from the third quarter of 2022. The decrease was primarily due to savings from cloud service fees.

Gross Profit

Total gross profit was HK$2,213.0 million (US$282.6 million), an increase of 28.1% from HK$1,727.5 million in the third quarter of 2022. Gross margin was 83.5%, as compared to 88.8% in the third quarter of 2022.

Operating Expenses

Total operating expenses were HK$892.9 million (US$114.0 million), an increase of 17.3% from HK$761.2 million in the third quarter of 2022.

Research and development expenses were HK$359.5 million (US$45.9 million), an increase of 14.7% from the third quarter of 2022. This was primarily due to an increase in research and development headcount to support infrastructure upgrade, overseas expansion and new product offerings.

Selling and marketing expenses were HK$211.7 million (US$27.0 million), a decrease of 10.1% from the third quarter of 2022. The decrease was mostly due to lower customer acquisition costs.

General and administrative expenses were HK$321.7 million (US$41.1 million), an increase of 51.5% from the third quarter of 2022. The increase was primarily due to an increase in general and administrative personnel to support overseas expansion.

Net Income

Net income increased by 44.6% to HK$1,091.2 million (US$139.3 million) from HK$754.6 million in the third quarter of 2022. Net income margin for the third quarter of 2023 expanded to 41.2% from 38.8% in the year-ago quarter, primarily due to strong topline growth and lower selling and marketing expenses.

Non-GAAP adjusted net income increased by 43.7% to HK$1,158.0 million (US$147.9 million) from the third quarter of 2022. Non-GAAP adjusted net income is defined as net income excluding share-based compensation expenses. For further information, see "Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures" at the bottom of this press release.

Net Income per ADS

Basic net income per ADS was HK$7.97 (US$1.02), compared with HK$5.37 in the third quarter of 2022. Diluted net income per ADS was HK$7.86 (US$1.00), compared with HK$5.30 in the third quarter of 2022. Each ADS represents eight Class A ordinary shares.

Conference Call and Webcast

Futu's management will hold an earnings conference call on Thursday, November 23, 2023, at 7:30 AM U.S. Eastern Time (8:30 PM on the same day, Beijing/Hong Kong Time).

Please note that all participants will need to pre-register for the conference call, using the link

It will automatically lead to the registration page of "Futu Holdings Ltd Third quarter 2023 Earnings Conference Call", where details for RSVP are needed.

Upon registering, all participants will be provided in confirmation emails with participant dial-in numbers and personal PINs to access the conference call. Please dial in 10 minutes prior to the call start time using the conference access information.

Additionally, a live and archived webcast of this conference call will be available at

About Futu Holdings Limited

Futu Holdings Limited (Nasdaq: FUTU) is an advanced technology company transforming the investing experience by offering fully digitalized financial services. Through its proprietary digital platforms, Futubull and moomoo, the Company provides a full range of investment services, including trade execution and clearing, margin financing and securities lending, and wealth management. The Company has embedded social media tools to create a network centered around its users and provide connectivity to users, investors, companies, analysts, media and key opinion leaders. The Company also provides corporate services, including IPO distribution, investor relations and ESOP solution services.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In evaluating the business, the Company considers and uses non-GAAP adjusted net income, a non-GAAP measure, as a supplemental measure to review and assess its operating performance. The presentation of the non-GAAP financial measure is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The Company defines non-GAAP adjusted net income as net income excluding share-based compensation expenses. The Company presents the non-GAAP financial measure because it is used by the management to evaluate the operating performance and formulate business plans. Non-GAAP adjusted net income enables the management to assess the Company's operating results without considering the impact of share-based compensation expenses, which are non-cash charges. The Company also believes that the use of the non-GAAP measure facilitates investors' assessment of its operating performance.
Non-GAAP adjusted net income is not defined under U.S. GAAP and is not presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. This non-GAAP financial measure has limitations as analytical tools. One of the key limitations of using non-GAAP adjusted net income is that it does not reflect all items of expense that affect the Company's operations. Share-based compensation expenses have been and may continue to be incurred in the business and is not reflected in the presentation of non-GAAP adjusted net income. Further, the non-GAAP measure may differ from the non-GAAP information used by other companies, including peer companies, and therefore their comparability may be limited.

The Company compensates for these limitations by reconciling the non-GAAP financial measure to the nearest U.S. GAAP performance measure, all of which should be considered when evaluating the Company's performance.

For more information on this non-GAAP financial measure, please see the table captioned "Unaudited Reconciliations of Non-GAAP and GAAP Results" set forth at the end of this press release.

Exchange Rate Information

This announcement contains translations of certain HK dollars (“HK$”) amounts into U.S. dollars ("US$") at specified rates solely for the convenience of the reader. Unless otherwise stated, all translations from HK$ to US$ were made at the rate of HK$7.8308 to US$1.00, the noon buying rate in effect on September 29, 2023 in the H.10 statistical release of the Federal Reserve Board. The Company makes no representation that the HK$ or US$ amounts referred could be converted into US$ or HK$, as the case may be, at any particular rate or at all.

Safe Harbor Statement

This announcement contains forward-looking statements. These statements are made under the "safe harbor" provisions of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as "will," "expects," "anticipates," "future," "intends," "plans," "believes," "estimates" and similar statements. Among other things, the quotations from the management team of the Company, contain forward-looking statements. Futu may also make written or oral forward-looking statements in its periodic reports to the SEC, in its annual report to shareholders, in press releases and other written materials and in oral statements made by its officers, directors or employees to third parties. Statements that are not historical facts, including statements about Futu's beliefs and expectations, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties. A number of factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement, including but not limited to the following: Futu's goal and strategies; Futu's expansion plans; Futu's future business development, financial condition and results of operations; Futu's expectations regarding demand for, and market acceptance of, its credit products; Futu's expectations regarding keeping and strengthening its relationships with borrowers, institutional funding partners, merchandise suppliers and other parties it collaborate with; general economic and business conditions; and assumptions underlying or related to any of the foregoing. Further information regarding these and other risks is included in Futu's filings with the SEC. All information provided in this press release and in the attachments is as of the date of this press release, and Futu does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement, except as required under applicable law.
For investor inquiries, please contact:

Investor Relations
Futu Holdings Limited

The number of paying clients refers to the number of clients with assets in their trading accounts with Futu.
2 The number of registered clients refers to the number of users who open one or more trading accounts with Futu.
3 The number of users refers to the number of user accounts registered with Futu.
4 The number of Daily Average Revenue Trades (DARTs) refers to the number of average trades per day that generate commissions or fees.
5 Non-GAAP adjusted net income is defined as net income excluding share-based compensation expenses.



(In thousands, except for share and per share data)
 As of December 31, As of September 30,
 2022 2023 2023
 HK$ HK$ US$
Cash and cash equivalents5,028,898 5,283,275 674,679
Cash held on behalf of clients50,685,472 43,742,701 5,585,981
Restricted cash1,215 1,153 147
Term deposit5,860 34,453 4,400
Short-term investments675,064 2,814,267 359,384
Securities purchased under agreements to resell32,000 35,900 4,584
Loans and advances-current (net of allowance of HK$27,840 thousand and HK$38,392 thousand as of December 31, 2022 and September 30, 2023, respectively)26,676,358 32,623,621 4,166,065
Clients513,358 271,286 34,643
Brokers5,914,963 6,843,600 873,934
Clearing organizations3,066,953 2,950,825 376,823
Fund management companies and fund distributors79,086 116,708 14,904
Interest254,310 278,052 35,507
Prepaid assets28,507 51,042 6,518
Other current assets102,258 106,893 13,650
Total current assets93,064,302 95,153,776 12,151,219
Operating lease right-of-use assets196,864 169,433 21,637
Long-term investments239,694 243,639 31,113
Loans and advances - non-current36,765 18,954 2,420
Other non-current assets965,205 1,053,980 134,595
Total non-current assets1,438,528 1,486,006 189,765
Total assets94,502,830 96,639,782 12,340,984

Amounts due to related parties52,725  42,056  5,371 
Clients57,209,066  45,788,330  5,847,210 
Brokers11,815,274  19,527,259  2,493,648 
Clearing organizations51,867  424,519  54,211 
Fund management companies and fund distributors90,801  127,019  16,220 
Interest9,864  52,479  6,702 
Borrowings2,480,532  5,042,232  643,897 
Lease liabilities - current109,416  84,698  10,816 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities1,706,159  1,908,528  243,721 
Total current liabilities73,525,704   72,997,120   9,321,796 
Lease liabilities - non-current101,727  95,121  12,147 
Other non-current liabilities13,620  13,078  1,670 
Total non-current liabilities115,347   108,199   13,817 
Total liabilities73,641,051   73,105,319   9,335,613 
Class A ordinary shares68  70  9 
Class B ordinary shares29  27  3 
Additional paid-in capital18,154,442  18,377,146  2,346,778 
Treasury Stock(4,324,565) (5,199,257) (663,950)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(47,846) (130,994) (16,728)
Retained earnings7,079,416  10,482,665  1,338,645 
Total shareholders' equity20,861,544   23,529,657   3,004,757 
Non-controlling interest235  4,806  614 
Total equity20,861,779   23,534,463   3,005,371 
Total liabilities and equity94,502,830   96,639,782   12,340,984 



(In thousands, except for share and per share data)
 For the Three Months Ended For the Nine Months Ended
 September 30,
 September 30,
 September 30,
 September 30,
 September 30,
 September 30,
 HK$ HK$ US$ HK$ HK$ US$
Brokerage commission and handling charge income957,804  1,008,854  128,832  2,959,050  3,040,780  388,310 
Interest income880,823  1,504,501  192,126  2,076,484  4,204,477  536,915 
Other income106,953  137,060  17,503  297,774  389,899  49,790 
Total revenues1,945,580  2,650,415  338,461  5,333,308  7,635,156  975,015 
Brokerage commission and handling charge expenses(82,574) (62,814) (8,021) (265,795) (190,401) (24,314)
Interest expenses(44,698) (288,749) (36,873) (110,525) (639,975) (81,725)
Processing and servicing costs(90,843) (85,834) (10,961) (277,642) (272,365) (34,781)
Total costs (218,115) (437,397) (55,855) (653,962) (1,102,741) (140,820)
Total gross profit1,727,465  2,213,018  282,606  4,679,346  6,532,415  834,195 
Operating expenses           
Research and development expenses(313,439) (359,514) (45,910) (887,613) (1,077,761) (137,631)
Selling and marketing expenses(235,457) (211,684) (27,032) (742,692) (527,887) (67,412)
General and administrative expenses(212,270) (321,656) (41,076) (600,802) (943,067) (120,430)
Total operating expenses (761,166) (892,854) (114,018) (2,231,107) (2,548,715) (325,473)
Income from operations966,299  1,320,164  168,588  2,448,239  3,983,700  508,722 
Others, net(103,356) (16,770) (2,142) (219,175) 50,191  6,409 
Income before income tax expense and share of loss from equity
method investments
862,943  1,303,394  166,446  2,229,064  4,033,891  515,131 
Income tax expense(104,374) (211,499) (27,009) (247,572) (622,667) (79,515)
Share of loss from equity method investments(3,926) (738) (94) (13,324) (8,661) (1,106)
Net income754,643  1,091,157  139,343  1,968,168  3,402,563  434,510 
Attributable to:           
Ordinary shareholders of the Company754,643  1,091,465  139,382  1,968,168  3,403,249  434,598 
Non-controlling interest-  (308) (39) -  (686) (88)
 754,643  1,091,157  139,343  1,968,168  3,402,563  434,510 

Net income per share attributable to ordinary shareholders of the
Basic0.67  1.00  0.13  1.72  3.07  0.39 
Diluted0.66  0.98  0.13  1.70  3.04  0.39 
Net income per ADS            
Basic5.37  7.97  1.02  13.72  24.58  3.14 
Diluted5.30  7.86  1.00  13.59  24.29  3.10 
Weighted average number of ordinary shares used in computing
net income per share
Basic1,124,883,590  1,095,876,818  1,095,876,818  1,147,484,439  1,107,509,193  1,107,509,193 
Diluted1,138,110,884  1,111,337,025  1,111,337,025  1,158,401,576  1,120,897,949  1,120,897,949 
Net income754,643  1,091,157  139,343  1,968,168  3,402,563  434,510 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax           
Foreign currency translation adjustment(108,102) (24,735) (3,159) (126,642) (83,176) (10,622)
Total comprehensive income646,541  1,066,422  136,184  1,841,526  3,319,387  423,888 
Attributable to:           
Ordinary shareholders of the Company646,541  1,066,757  136,227  1,841,526  3,320,101  423,979 
Non-controlling interest-  (335) (43) -  (714) (91)
 646,541  1,066,422  136,184  1,841,526  3,319,387  423,888 



(In thousands)
 For the Three Months Ended For the Nine Months Ended
 September 30,
 September 30,
 September 30,
 September 30,
 September 30,
 September 30,
 HK$ HK$ US$ HK$ HK$ US$
Net income754,643 1,091,157 139,343 1,968,168 3,402,563 434,510
Add: Share-based compensation expenses51,454 66,812 8,532 148,705 216,754 27,680
Adjusted net income806,097 1,157,969 147,875 2,116,873 3,619,317 462,190

Non-GAAP to GAAP reconciling items have no income tax effect.


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